ARABIC LANGUAGE: Foreign Languages:
SUN AND MOON LETTERS | Arabic Language
Hello, everyone and Thank You for watching Edupedia World videos. The Sun and the Moon-letters by
Hiba Abou Al Niaj.
Before we start let's remember few things about the article The. The Arabic word for The is (AL). It joins onto the words it defines and it comes at the beginning of it. The Arabic Alphabet is divided into two groups of letters. The moon letters and the Sun letters. Lets see what are the moon letters first. The moon letters are A, Ba, Ja, Ha, Kha, ‘A, Gha, Fa, Qa, Ka, Ma, Ha, Wa and Ya.
When Al is followed by a word beginning with a moon letter, then it is written with a Sukoon on the La and is pronounced as Al.
Example, Jamal, when you add Al at the beginning of it, it becomes, Al Jamal.
Here is the example, so Jamal is a Camel, Al Jamal is the Camel. So when you add Al at the beginning of Jamal, which starts with a moon letter, It becomes Al Jamal.
By adding Sukoon on La of Al, and Al is still pronounced the same. Al Jamal.
The Tanween at the end of the word without Al changes into a single short vowel, once Al is added. More Example: Jamalun becomes Al Jamalu
Jamalan becomes Al Jamala
Now add Al to the following words. Waladun, Baitan, Kharoofen, Mawzun. So the words with Al,
Waladun becomes Al Waladu, Baitan, Al Baita. Kharoofen, Al Kharoofi. Mawzan Al Mawzu. That's all about the moon letters or Al Huroof Al Qamaria.
Now lets find out what are the sun letters, Al Huroof Al, Al Huroof Ashamsia. So the sun letters are Ta, Tha, Da, Dha, Ra, Za, Sa, Sha, Sa, Dha, Ta, Zha, Na and La.
Sun letters are written with a Shaddah when they come straight after Al.
The La of Al does not take a Sukoon.
Instead it becomes a silent letter.
Taaj becomes Attaj.
So if a word starts with a sun letter you have to put Shaddah on the top of it, after adding Al. And La of Al will be silent. Taaj, it becomes Attaj.
The same thing, Tanween at the end of the word without Al, changes into a single short vowel once Al is added. Example Taajun becomes Attaju. Taajan becomes Attaja. And Taajin becomes Attaji.
Now add Al to the following words and these words starts with sun letters. Shamsin, Tawusun, Sagheeran, Nahlatun. So the words Al, Shamsin becomes Ashshamsi, Tawoosun, Attawoosu, Sagheeran, Assagheera, Nahlatun Annahlatu.
Now you have to add Al to the following words. First you have to see if a word start with a sun letter or a moon letter, then add Al to these words. We have Arnab, Battah, Sallajah, Haleeb, Kharooof, Dob, Z, Dhahab, Rajol, Zarafa, Samaka and Shajarah. Remember that Al with moon letters is pronounced as El while Al with the sun letters is pronounced as Ah and you have to add sukoon on La of Al with moon letters and you have to add Shaddah on the sun letters after adding Al. Now let check, Arnab becomes Al Arnab, starts with moon letter. Battah Al Battah. Ba is one of the moon letters. Sallajah becomes As Sallajah.
Tha is a sun letter. Haleeb, Al Haleeb. Kharoof, Al Kharoof, Dub, Al Dub. Because Da is a sun letter.
Thahab, Ad Dhahab. Rajol, Ar Rajol. Zaraffa, Za is a sun letter, it becomes Az Zaraffa. Samakah, As
Samakah. And Shajarah becomes As Shajarah.
Well, thats all about the moon letters Al Huroof Al Qamariya and the sun letters Al Huroof Ash
Thank You for you watching, Shukran Janzeelan Lil Mutaba’a. Ellal liqaaq.
Summary of the video:-
About article THE
What are the Moon-letters
Words with the Al
What are the Sun letters
Words with the Tanween
Adding Al to the words
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