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MOST Incredible Secret Discoveries
From Mummies to Mammoths here are the most incredible, unexpected and secretive discoveries ever made! 8 Tough Tusks There have been many prehistoric animals discovered over the years, but few if any have be discovered quite like this one. In early 2014 on a construction site in seattle, while excavating, construction workers were dug up more than they bargained for. Up from the ground came an 8 and a half foot mammoth tusk. Paleontologists were quickly called in to investigate, and after carbon dating, it was estimated that the tusk is about 60 thousand years old. The tusk has since been put on display in museums, and caused a significant delay to the construction. 7 A Slightly Older Woman On a different construction site in Florida a road was being built and one of the workers came across some teeth, but assuming they belonged to some wild animal they were ignored. But then they came across something a little more eyebrow raising, a human toe. And not just any human toe, but a 2 thousand year old toe. After a week of excavating the rest of the human remains were uncovered. The woman was about 5 feet in height and probably wasn’t any older than the age of 30, she is believed to have been a member of the Tequesta native american tribe. Stick around for number 3 to see human remains that were discovered hiding in plain sight. 6 Incredibly Rare Spider Zara Environmental In over 30 years this little critter hasn’t been seen, in fact many people believed it was entirely extinct, until a multi million dollar highway project took place. In San Antonio, Texas, during a HUGE construction project the spider known as the Braken Bat Cave Meshweaver was seen. Construction was brought to an immediate halt, and a difficult web of confusion has taken place, because many holes have been discovered that resemble the habitat that the spider lives in, so continuation of the construction might be a little bit difficult. The spider is no bigger than a dime, who knew something so small to have such a huge impact! 5 Live Bomb From World War 2 In late 2013, a construction site in Belgrade turned into a potentially dangerous situation when they unearth a bomb. The bomb was massive, like one ton massive. Obviously the construction was immediately halted, and it didn’t take long to find out that the bomb was German and from world war two. It turned out the bomb contained over 1300 pounds of live explosives. Had the bomb gone off several city blocks would have been decimated. What’s really cool is that after the bomb was discovered it was taken to a military base and detonated in a controlled setting. 4 Bunch O Diamonds Wouldn’t it just be awesome to buy a new business and while rooting around doing some work you find a pile of diamonds? Well just that happened to Tim Jones in Fresno, California. After hiring a construction crew to renovate the place they found a nice fat pile of diamonds. They must of been left behind by the previous owner who passed away, causing the property to be sold by his daughter. There have since been legal battles over who owns the diamonds. 3 Buddhist Statue 2 The Terracotta Army 1 The Lascaux Cave
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8 Recently Solved Historical Mysteries
From Hindenburg to vanished armies, here are the explanations for some of our biggest historical mysteries, all of which was solved only recently. 8) The Nazca Civilization: The Nazca people were a flourishing civilization in Nazca desert of Peru between 200 BCE and 600 CE. The Nazca were a series of tribes that most notably created the “Nazca Lines”, a series of intricate drawings in the desert’s sand that were used by the tribes to communicate with their gods. Despite being a flourishing community, the Nazcas suddenly culturally collapsed around 500 AD and very quickly ceased to exist, leaving behind only mummies and skeletons, some of which were found wearing elaborate headdresses made from the feathers of local rainforest birds. Scientists and historians struggled to discover what could have possibly taken down the Nazca tribes but ultimately found very few leads and no conclusive answers until 2009. Cambridge University researchers uncovered that the cause of the sudden extinction of the Nazcas was due to a drought brought on by extensive deforestation. The Nazca cleared away entire forests for agricultural purposes, removing much of the native vegetation in order to plant crops. Included in this mass removal were the huarango trees, which were the key to keeping the area fertile and plantable. Suddenly, crops would no longer grow and a long drought set in, killing most of the Nazcas and forcing any survivors to leave the area. 7)The Vanished Persian Army: During his reign, King Cambyses, son of Cyrus the Great, sent 50,000 troops from Thebes to destroy the Temple of Amun in the Oasis of Siwa due to the priest's refusal to follow him as their king. Seven days into the journey, after reaching what is believed to be El-Kharga, the men were never heard from again. Many assumed they were all killed in battle but due to there being no historical record of a battle at the Temple of Amun, many researchers could not accept this answer. A text by Herodotus was discovered, in which he described a massive sandstorm destroying the soldiers but no evidence was ever found to support this, so the events of the men’s demise remained shrouded in mystery. In their last expedition, Angelo and Alfredo Castiglioni decided to follow an old Bedouin legend about a mass grave full of sun bleached bones. The brothers had already found evidence of the soldiers existing in the area and some bones but not enough to warrant a full excavation, so this was their last effort. Upon arriving in late 2002, they discovered the tale was wholly true, uncovering a massive graveyard with hundreds of bones. Dating on weapons and jewelry found in the area linked it to likely be the final resting place of Cambyses’s men. Further recent investigation has lead scientists to believe that the men were attacked by a rebel army and Herodotus helped to cover it up by spreading the sandstorm tale. This 2014 theory, founded by Egyptologist Olaf Kaper, has gained traction and is almost definitely the actual cause. 6) Mary Ingalls’s Blindness: The popular television show, “Little House on the Prairie” follows the life of Laura Ingalls Wilder and her family, as written in her series of books. A realistic look at prairie life, the show featured a charming mix of warmth and humor that was juxtaposed with several heartbreaking moments. One of these moments featured Laura’s older sister, Mary, being stricken with scarlet fever and eventually going blind. Laura’s books refer to scarlet fever as the cause of her sister’s blindness as well, but many doctors did not accept this answer as possible. Dr. Beth Tarini, a pediatrician, found herself enthralled in the series at a young age. Upon becoming a doctor, she began questioning if scarlet fever could possibly have occurred as described by Wilder. After a decade of research, Tarini uncovered a letter written by Laura to her daughter Rose in 1937 that described Mary’s illness as a “spinal sickness” that “left the nerves of her eyes paralyzed”. In 2013, Dr. Tarini came to the conclusion that while Mary did have scarlet fever at one point in her life, the culprit that caused her eventual blindness at age fourteen was almost definitely meningoencephalitis, which causes swelling of the brain and spine, including the optic nerves and can result in paralysis if certain parts of the affected areas are damaged. 5) The Dumoulins: 4) The Blood Falls: 3) America’s Oldest Unsolved Murder: 2) Hindenburg Explosion: 1) Maria Del Carmen
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Archaeological Discoveries Proving GIANTS exist
There have been other species of human on this earth, some smaller and some bigger, but what about a human 2, 3 or maybe even 4 times larger than the average person? Check out these discoveries of giant footprints and skeletons that may prove giants really do exist! China’s Giant Footprint In August of 2016, an amazing and unexplainable discovery was made in Guizhou, China. During a hike, photographers stumbled upon a series of marks in the ground that looked eerily similar to the prints made by a human walking barefoot. Nearly two feet long and indented nearly three centimeters into the ground, the massive prints likely belong to someone who is over thirteen feet tall, according to researchers’ estimates. Many dismiss the prints as a hoax, which is understandable except for the fact that this is not the first time such prints have been discovered. In 1912, a four foot long print was unearthed in South Africa that was dated to be over two hundred million years old, suggesting an ancient civilization of giants. This is backed up by countless tales from Norse, Indian, Mayan, Aztec, Incan, and Greek lore, as well as the Bible. Most amazingly, the 1912 discovery’s creator had to have been over twenty seven feet tall to leave such a print behind, making the mere thirteen feet of the Chinese discovery seem much more feasible by comparison. Phillips Excavation A news article from 1912 details the excavation of a burial mound completed by the Phillips brothers at Lake Declan in Wisconsin. According to the New York Times, on May 4, eighteen giant skeletons that were carefully buried in charcoal and baked clay were uncovered from a presumed burial mound. The bones were said to be, “monkey-like” in many ways, such as straight sloping eye sockets and a nasal placement higher than that of a human, but were obviously human bones. Many other alleged “giant” bones have been found in Wisconsin, with the New York Times also reporting skeletons found by a Smithsonian researcher in 1881 and one nine foot skeleton found in Maple Creek years later in 1897. Certainly such repeated results are at least some cause for interest and concern. Ecuadorian Giant Remains In 1964, several Ecuadorian locals called upon Father Carlos Vaca, a priest who worked with the local hospitals, after uncovering several strange bones in a mountainous area. After inspecting them, he determined they were likely human despite being incredibly large. The bones were taken to Austrian artifact researcher Klaus Dona, who allowed several experts to view the bones. They all came to the same conclusion: they likely belonged to a human who, based upon estimates, would have been over 25 feet tall. No DNA could be pulled from the bones during examination, leading the researchers to believe them to be over ten thousand years old, at the least. Dona also claims that the area where the bones were found has been called, “the cemetery of the giants” by those local to the area, though this has not been proven to be true. Found At Varna This particular discovery actually took place much more recently in Varna, Bulgaria. You see, Varna used to be the ancient Greek city of Odessos, which is known having a lot of mythology that talks about and has images of giants. So it came as almost no surprise in January of 2015 that an incredibly large human skeleton was discovered. The skeleton appeared to placed very delicately with its hands on its waist and it’s head facing specifically to the East. The only issue with this discovery is that no height has actually been publicly confirmed, giving suspicion to its legitamacy. Some people have speculated that the man may have simply been of above average height and was considered a spectacle when they were alive in Ancient Greece, but others believe this was a real giant that was spoken of as mythology. Lovelock Cave In 1911, two Nevada miners named David Hart and James Pugh took interest in the large deposits of bat feces, also known as guano, which they planned to sell for use in making gunpowder. During their digging, the two men uncovered some incredible archaeological finds and called upon Alfred Kroeber, the founder of the Anthropology Department at the University of California. Several normal sized mummies were uncovered, as well as a few who were, amazingly, over eight to ten feet tall. Some sandals were also found that measured in at around thirty eight centimeters long, along with many giant sized handprints embedded into the cave walls. Interestingly, the local Paiute Native American tribe spoke in lore of red haired, white skinned giants called Si-Te-Cha living in the Lovelock cave system where the mummies were discovered. The Colorado River Egyptian Giant Finger The Giants Of Death Valley
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Archaeological Finds Proving the BIBLE is TRUE
From the possible discovery of the brother of jesus, to a discovery proving the existence of a once lost race here are 6 Archaeological Finds that Prove the Bible is True 6. Crucified Burial Crucifixion is the type of execution used to end the life of Jesus Christ. Typically, large nails were hammered through the hands and feet of the offender to affix them to a wooden cross. According to the Bible, Jesus had amassed a group of followers and openly declared himself the son of God. This ran afoul the beliefs of the monarchy at the time who sentenced him to death. The crucifixion and resurrection of Jesus Christ is a point of contention among believers and skeptics. One of the biggest arguments against the storied death of Jesus is that crucifixion was only reserved for the foulest repeat criminals, typically those who engaged in violent crimes or showed no signs of being saved. These men would have been denied a proper burial. It is said that after Jesus’s death, he was placed in a tomb from which he was resurrected before returning to Heaven. If history was to be believed, he would have never even been placed in a tomb because crucified men were not permitted honorable burials. 5. The Pool of Siloam In the Book of John, many miracles performed by Jesus are described. In chapter nine, Jesus meets a blind man, who he heals by spitting into the dirt and using the mud to cover his eyes. He then tells the man to go to the Pool of Siloam and rinse the mud off then go home. The man does so and his vision is restored fully. For centuries, non-believers and believers alike were puzzled by there being no known location where the Pool of Siloam could have once been. 4. James, Brother of Jesus For five years, a forgery trial rocked the archaeological community. In 2002, archaeologists uncovered a burial box, also known as an ossuary, that bore the inscription, “James, son of Joseph, brother of Jesus”. An uproar raced across the Christian community. Had they discovered the bones of Jesus Christ’s martyred brother? The answer is a bit unsatisfying: they do not know. The authenticity of the inscription has been called into question several times, culminating in a forgery trial in which the dealer who had possession of the box was found not guilty of forgery. 3. A Merciful King The books of Ezra and 2 Corinthians speak of Cyrus the Great of Persia conquering Babylon in a massive military movement then allowing the exiled Jews to regain entry into Israel in a sudden act of kindness that was completely out of character for a ruler at the time. Many claim that the Old Testament story was nothing more than a work of fiction, as no proof of Cyrus’s odd change of heart existed in any story or piece of literature aside from the Bible itself. 2. The First Apocalypse of James Jesus’s siblings are not mentioned very often in the Bible. He had a handful of brothers and several sisters; the one we know the most about is James. Historians debate whether James and the other siblings were truly Jesus’s direct relatives or if they were cousins; either way, when a text surrounding the life of James turned up in a pile of donkey sale receipts and scrap papers, many heads were turned. The paper was dubbed as heretical by the Church due to it describing James’s struggles in casting off the temptations of the secular world. Demon like creatures called Archons plagued him, causing him to doubt the teachings of Christ and have to fight to not give in to the worldly desires around him. 1. Canaanites:
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8 Unbelievable AMERICAN Archaeological Discoveries
From a mysterious stone chamber cave to these incredible “serpent mounds”, here are 8 Unbelievable Archaeological Discoveries in America 8. Lake Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone Located in New Hampshire, Lake Winnipesaukee covers over sixty nine square miles of land, making it the largest lake in the entire state. Popular with boaters, the lake’s shores provide quite a fun tourist destination due to their scenic views and ease of access. In 1872, a large, egg shaped stone was discovered by a crew working on a fence near the lake’s shore just outside of Meredith, New Hampshire. The discovery was credited to the man who hired the workers, Seneca Ladd, who passed the stone on to his daughter upon his death. Mrs. Frances Ladd Coe donated the weird artifact shortly thereafter, gifting it to the New Hampshire Historical Society in 1927. This is basically the extent of what we know about the stone’s origin. It is speculated that the artifact was perhaps a peace treaty between two tribes of natives. Holes drilled in the stone are believed to have been made using a 19th or 20th century tool, making it possible the artifact is actually a fraud, though historians are unsure. 7. The Dare Stone The disappearance of the Roanoke Colony is one of America’s greatest mysteries of all time. Called the “lost colony”, the one hundred settlers of Roanoke disappeared during the harsh winter of 1590. The only indicators of the settlers existence were the abandoned town and the words “Croatoan” and “Cro” carved into wooden structures. In the centuries following, little has been found to shed any light at all on the fate of those settlers, though many believe they attempted to escape the area for an unknown reason and perished on their way to the nearby Harper’s Island, which was, at the time, known as Croatoan Island. In 1937, a California man driving through North Carolina discovered a twenty one pound rock covered in bizarre etchings. After being examined by the Brenau University in Gainesville, Georgia, researchers believe that the stone was a sort of letter from settler Eleanor White Dare to her father, John White, the governor of the colony who had returned to England in search of supplies for the struggling town. Upon his return, he discovered the entirety of the group gone, including his daughter and granddaughter. Rough deciperings of the stone has caused a new idea to form, that Native Americans killed all but seven of the colonists, who were taken hostage, though there is still much disagreement on the validity of the stone itself. An advanced study is planned to solve the debate once and for all. 6. The Gault Site Discovered just north of Austin, Texas, the Gault site has changed our understanding of ancient American history entirely. For years we believed that the Clovis culture was the first to form on the continent; artifact findings backed this theory thoroughly. Discovered in 2002, the Gault site contains tools and human tooth fragments that date back to be over 16,700 years old, placing them at a full three thousand years older than the oldest Clovis findings. The cache contains over ninety individual stone tools, some of which are quite advanced for their time. Many of the oldest tools discovered on the site were even made using entirely different methods than those of the Clovis! The site dig is still ongoing with new discoveries being found semi-regularly. 5. Poverty Point Located near the village of Epps in West Carroll Parish, Louisiana, Poverty Point is one of the biggest tourist attractions in Northeast Louisiana, or as it is affectionately called, NELA. 4. The Upton Chamber Cave Called the “most spectacular stone chamber in New England”, the Upton Chamber Cave is a marvel of masonry. In an area packed full of stone chambers, the structure, which is located just outside of Boston, Massachusetts, stands out for a couple of reasons. First off, the structure stands out as one that was likely built under the influence of eighth century Irish monks. 3. The Maine Penny 2. 12,000 Year Old Tool Shop 1. Great Serpent Mound
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Artifacts and Objects Made From METEORS
From daggers and swords to jewelry and skulls here are the most amazing and intriguing artifacts and objects made from meteorites! #9 A Mughal Emperor’s- Prized Possession This meteorite dagger once belonged to Jahangir, an Indian emperor that reigned around 400 years ago. Mughal emperors would often receive valuable gifts from elsewhere in their empire and it is believed that these, along with victories in battles, were rewards for being good leaders. Jahangir assumed that the gifts he received should be interpreted as indirect praise from God. The meteorite dagger was especially valued by the emperor since humans had witnessed the raw metal it would be forged of falling from the sky. Although now we call objects that fall from the sky “meteorites”, during Jahangir’s time, the only being that was capable of sending down something from above was none other than God. Swords and a dagger were crafted out of the meteorite, on order from the emperor. Being viewed as a present from God, the dagger was believed to have magical powers and Jahangir himself praised it for how well it cut. #8 Egyptian Iron Beads Iron was a very rare luxury during the Ancient Egyptian era. These beads are the earliest evidence of iron use in Ancient Egypt. According to researchers, nearly all the iron that was used by the Egyptians came from outer space. Egyptians were rather inexperienced with iron and the objects they crafted from it weren’t very appealing, but the clumsily-made beads retained their high value because they were just so rare and, well, because they fell from the sky. Like the mughals, Egyptians believed that the space metal ought to have special magical and religious powers, and as a result, iron objects were often buried with royals. Upon discovery, these beads were believed to have been the product of smelting, which is the process of creating usable metal from iron ore through heat, however, researchers have since has proven that these beads indeed were made from meteorites, not ore. The tip off was their composition. According to university scholars, meteorites have a one-of-a-kind micro-structural and chemical fingerprint which has to do with the speed they cooled down at as they travelled from space to our own little planet. #7 Meteorite Buddha Did you know that the Nazi swastika was originally an ancient Buddhist symbol of luck? 15,000 years ago a meteorite crashed to earth in East Asia. 1,000 years ago it was carved into the Buddha you see here, and 88 years ago it was looted by Nazis on a expeditionary trip in Tibet to bring home to Germany, who had co-opted the swastika as a symbol of their own. The Nazis were interested in discovering the Aryan race origins. Another curious fact about this Buddha statue is that it was carved from a meteorite somewhere between the 8th and the 10th century. According to German researchers, the meteorite, that is now the Buddha statue, landed somewhere near the border between Mongolia and Siberia. It was also concluded that the meteorite the statue was carved from belongs to a rare group of space rocks, which are called ataxite meteorites. #6 Meteorites in the Kitchen Who says that meteorites are only reserved for the elite and Ancient civilizations? These appear to be perfectly regular knives at first sight and in a way they are; their purpose is to chop food in the kitchen. What makes these knives so exotic is their composition, and of course, the ‘astronomically’ high prices they’re sold for. Kramer knives, which get their name from their creator, are made using a century-old Japanese stacking method where the meteorite gets integrated into the steel. The mass gets heated to 15 hundred degrees Fahrenheit, then folded and flattened several times in order to produce the base for the blade. The combination of steel and meteorite makes the end result much more beautiful than your average kitchen knife. Some consider Bob Kramer’s efforts to be in vain, since creating a single knife is a very time-consuming and complicated process, but there certainly are passionate chefs that would be more than willing to invest in an unearthly addition to their kitchens. #5 A Special Gift for Czar Alexander I Despite being crafted out of a meteorite, this sword probably wouldn’t be so special, had it not been for its unique history. The Cape of Good Hope, as this meteorite has been called, was first examined from a scientific perspective in Britain in the 19th century. During that era, scientists and enthusiasts alike were interested in discovering what causes meteorites. Lightning and volcanic activity were a few of the hypothesized causes. Although the meteorite was first taken to James Sowerby’s museum, it did not stay there. #4 Meteorite Guitar Pick #3 King Tut’s Dagger #2 The Sword of Heaven #1 The Extraterrestrial Skull
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Coolest Most Environmentally Friendly Buildings in The World
With climate change on everyone’s mind eco friendly building is on the rise. From an office building wired to follow you around to supertrees here are the coolest most eco friendly buildings in the world! 8 Centre For Interactive Research on Sustainability Located in British Columbia, Canada, the Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability is an absolute scientific marvel. Costing thirty seven million Canadian dollars, the center opened in 2011 after being built by architectural firm Perkins and Will. From the moment the CIRS was created, the designers had just one idea in mind: sustainable living. Even the clearing of the lot and preparations for building were done with restoration and regeneration in mind, working to make a positive environmental impact from the very start of the project. The developers created a lighting and water system that uses the absolute bare minimum resources; lights turn off if motion is not detected in most parts of the building and other areas are controlled by switches, for example. The building has been referred to as a “living laboratory” due to the use of plants and vegetation to help shade the building in the summer and retain heat during the cooler months, drastically cutting down on the need for air conditioner and heater usage. Solar panels line the building, as well, creating a surplus of energy each year. That’s right, the Centre For Interactive Research on Sustainability actually generates more energy than it can use in a year! Further eco friendly changes and additions are planned to come to the Centre in the coming years, with hopes to reduce its environmental impact even further. 7 Pixel Here we have Australia’s first carbon neutral building, the Pixel building! Built in Melbourne in 2011, this is an office building I wouldn’t mind working in, sure it’s a bit funky looking, but it beats a boring old gray cube. The building is designed by Studio 505 and is completely self sustaining, it can collect all of its own water and generate all of its own energy. It has a green roof that grows tons of native plants and it even has a an anaerobic digester which converts human waste into heat! 6 The Crystal The Crystal in London describes itself as, “the world's largest exhibition on the future of cities, as well as one of the world's most sustainable buildings and events venues”. Open since 2012, the Crystal was designed by award winning architects Wilkinson Eyre, who planned the outside of the building to look like the facets of a cut gem. The faceted outside creates a series of unique rooms inside, including office spaces, meeting and conference rooms, and an auditorium. The building is an all electric facility that utilizes solar panels and a heat pump in the ground to generate enough electricity to power the building. The state of the art building also collects and treats rainwater and features many automated building management functions. The sheer beauty alone of the building as it sits on London’s Royal Docks is enough to catch any passerby eye, which was exactly the intention of the creators, as it opens up countless educational opportunities. At its core, the Crystal is an excellent teaching tool. 5 French Diamond House They say diamonds are a girl’s best friend, well what about a diamond house? No not a house made of diamonds (cause that would be a bit pricey) but a house shaped like a diamond? In Strasbourg, France we find the sundial house, which is an appropriate name, as it is angled to face the sun in a way that allows it to be naturally warmed and cooled based on where the sun is during specific seasons. This house is considered to have a bio-climatic living space, but to add to it’s eco-friendly design it is also incredibly beautiful and comfortable to live in. With 3 floors, tons of natural light and an incredible open floor plan this is a house any nature lover or interior designer would enjoy calling home. 4 Pearl River Tower 3 The Green Building 2 The Edge 1 Gardens by the Bay
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Incredible Archaeological Discoveries in China
From the largest taoist temple to the remains of the great Buddha, here are some of the most incredible archaeological discoveries in China Tomb of the Duke of Yi: Most cultures and civilizations throughout history have made the final resting place of their kings, emperors, aristocrats and heroes an everlasting luxury of memories told in the poetry of bronze and in the solitude of well-crafted stone, from Egypt’s pyramids to Mayan crypts and Persian cemeteries in an attempt to preserve their history from the trials of time and China is no exception. In 1977, the world of archeology was taken by storm when the People’s Liberation army accidently stumbled upon a royal tomb magnificently built sometime around 443 BC in what is now Suizhou, in the region of Hubei China, bearing 22 coffins one of which is believed to bear the remains of the famous Marquis of Yi otherwise known as the Duke of Yi, ancient eye beads, a collection of ritual bronze vessels, weapons and even the earliest examples of Chinese ink writing on bamboo. The tomb was built using large wooden timbers and it’s made up of four chambers laid out according to the structure of Chinese palaces of the day. The northern chamber is the smallest one and containing various military artifacts from swords and armors to chariot wheels spokes, the central chamber is the largest and holds a startling collection of musical instruments including stone chimes, pan flutes and 64 bronze bells or bianzhong bells which cover a range of five octaves, carefully mounted to be struck by up to five people using wooden mallets. Meanwhile, the western chamber has 13 coffins each one bearing the remains of 13 women presumably servants, slaves or wives while the eastern chamber-by far the most fascinating of the four-holds nine more coffins noticeably more luxurious than the rest and it’s in here that experts have found the lacquer coffin in which they believe, the wealthy Duke of Yi was buried. China’s most ancient palace 4000 years ago, ancient Chinese people were as fascinated as we are now, with luxury, wealth and architectural beauty. According to findings in 2012, archeologists from the Shanxi institute dug out the remains of a palace that took up a breath-taking 130,000 square meters of space, suggesting that this discovery may indicate the beginnings of the capital system in ancient China. Deciphering The Dunhuang manuscripts What is it with caves and important archaeological discoveries? On June 25, 1900 a Daoist monk by the name of Wang Yuanlu discovered a series of documents in the Mogao caves of Dunhuang China. Unfortunately, from the year 1907 onwards the monk began to sell some of the invaluable documents to western and Japanese explorers but thanks to the efforts of scholar Luo Zhenyu, most of the remaining manuscripts were preserved and about a fifth of the collection was taken in 1910 to Beijing and is now safe in the national library of China. Scholars have postulated the idea that the cave served as a Buddhist monastic library, others believe the cave was sealed to protect important religious writings from an invading army but regardless of the existing disputes between experts about the cave’s true function, everyone agrees that these 5th century manuscripts hold age-long mysteries that are of invaluable importance to both Chinese cultural identity and history. Hemudu Site Another joyful and comically unexpected accident for archeology took place in the summer of 1973 when the Hemudu Site was accidentally discovered by farmers of a small village in Zhejiang province. With an impressive area of 40000 square meters, the site consists of four cultural relics engraved in 4 meter-thick overlapped rocks which date from about 6000 to 7000 years ago, exhibiting the traditions and beliefs of the Hemudu, a Neolithic culture that worshiped the sun and the spirit of fertility. World’s Oldest Water-Conservation System The mystery of Sanxingdui China’s Largest Taoist Temple Buddha’s Remains
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8 Greatest Ancient GREEK and ROMAN Weapons Discovered
8. The Sagittarius The Sagittarii were an elite group of ancient Roman archery specialists. Commonly using composite bows with asymmetrical arms, the Sagittarii were fearsome warriors who typically travelled on foot. Around two thirds of all of the Sagittarius fighters marched side by side with the other one third riding along on horseback. Though most Roman warriors used bows and arrows as a supplementary weapon source to lances and daggers, the Sagittari were trained to solely use the ranged tool to keep troops pushed back. This method inspired many modern military tactics, including the usage of ranged coverage to prevent enemy advancement. Many modern Roman families still practice horseback archery and the sport is incredibly widespread despite its military applications dying out centuries ago. 7. Aspis Also known as the Hoplon, the aspis may appear to be just a simple shield at first glance but this military marvel was actually a multipurpose tool like no other! Around three feet in diameter, the aspis was in incredibly heavy tool, weighing in at over sixteen pounds on average. Spartans would carry the tool for miles on their backs, along with all of their other supplies. Commonly used as a shield, the Hoplon was also utilized in a move that is referred to as othismos, in which the soldiers would cluster together behind the shields and push forward, forcing their enemies back and away while gaining ground. Due to its convex shape, the aspis actually could be used to help float across rivers or to carry fallen soldiers from the battlefield. This incredibly piece of equipment is believed to have largely contributed to the Spartan’s near invincibility in battle; they were nearly unstoppable for most of its usage duration. The only intact hoplon known to mankind is housed at the Vatican; it is nearly completely whole, unlike the common fragmented specimens that researchers typically recover. 6. Pugio: Carried as the ancient Romans as a sidearm, the Pugio is a type of dagger with a murky history. No one is quite sure why the Romans first began carrying the smaller, ornate knives but historically, they have proven to be rather effective. The murder of Julius Caesar was carried out with pugiones. The daggers became a bit of a status symbol within Roman society, with upper classmen carrying intricately decorated pieces to show off their wealth and prominence. Ancient Roman writer Vegetius spoke of the power of the small blade, stating that the Romans would strike quickly with their daggers that the opposition would feel the blade before they saw it. Popular in popular culture, pugiones have been showcased in television shows and used as inspiration for weapons in video games like the Assassin’s Creed franchise. 5. Pilum At over six feet tall, the pilum is a rather intimidating weapon. Used by ancient Roman armies, this javelin featured two parts: A long, iron shank with a sharpened pyramidal head and a longer wooden handle. The two attached together via a socket and formed a massive, wickedly effective weapon. The Romans used the weapon as a bit of a trick; once thrown, the javelin would bend upon impact, making it useless to any enemy who hoped to wield it. Additionally, if it embedded into a shield it would be impossible to quickly remove due to its newly crooked form, forcing the enemy to throw their shields aside and leave themselves vulnerable. The Romans understood metalworking and were able to achieve this trick by making the tip of the pilum hard and solid metal while keeping the shaft soft, allowing it to still work as a piercing weapon but become a cumbersome or useless addition to anyone unlucky enough to come across it on the battlefield. Some pilums even contained lead balls that could freely roll about within the shaft. When tossed these lead balls would increase the piercing capabilities of the weapon, making it even deadlier. 4. Hasta The Hasta was a type of spear that the ancient Romans utilized in hand to hand combat situations. Not meant for throwing like many other types of spears, the hasta was short enough to allow soldiers to thrust it forward, much like a sword but with more distance. At around six and a half feet long, the hasta kept enemies away, helping prevent any counterattacks, while also behaving like any other bladed weapon. Commonly, the Romans would make the shaft of the spears from ash wood and the sharpened tips from solid iron, creating an absolutely devastating wartime asset. Touted as the most common Roman weapon, the hasta has been used countless times in media depictions of the Roman warriors, including in history books and in films like 300. 3. Dory 2. Gastraphetes 1. Kopis:
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Amazing Ancient AZTEC Archaeological Discoveries
From a discovery near a volcano of unknown ancient Aztec technology to unearthed mysterious death whistles. Here are 7 of the most amazing Ancient Aztec Archaeological discoveries. 7. An Ancient Ball Court In early 2017, archaeologists made an absolutely mind boggling discovery just behind a colonial era Roman Catholic cathedral off of Zocalo square. On the grounds of a 1950s hotel, researchers uncovered an Aztec era ball court. Unlike modern sports, the games of the Aztec were important religious rituals. Somewhat similar to modern day racquetball but much more difficult and labor intensive, the Aztec’s ōllamalitzli often involved ritual sacrifice. Due to this, several dozen male vertebrae were discovered in a pile near the court. Goals and white stucco were discovered, matching up with the Spanish record of what an Aztec ball court looked like. It is believed the entire area was shaped like a coiled snake and included a nearby temple. It was likely built between 1486-1502 during the reign of Moctezuma’s predecessor, Ahuizotl’s reign. 6. A Tower of Skulls : For quite some time, the fabled Huey Tzompantli was thought to be nothing more than a myth. Described as a massive rack of human skulls that was created to be over two hundred feet in diameter, it seemed that the monstrous relic was too gruesome to be real. In mid 2017, archaeologists who had begun the dig based on a tip that came in two years before uncovered the first of hundreds of skulls. On the edge of the Templo Mayor, an ancient temple dedicated to the god of war, sun, and human sacrifice, it seemed that once the first few skulls were discovered the number began to grow exponentially.Created to showcase Aztec power, the skulls likely came from defeated tribes and included men, women, and children. Tales of the great tower date back to the times of Hernando Cortes, when an accompanying researcher wrote of the altar of bones for the first time. So far, more than six hundred and fifty skulls have been uncovered with more being found by the day. 5. A Resistance: When the Spanish came to try to overthrow the Aztec Empire, the Aztecs fought back with all they had. Cortes and his men laid siege to the empire in the hopes of forcing them to relent and peacefully be conquered. Though they fought, the Aztec did eventually fall and were forced to submit to Spanish occupation. Recent discoveries prove, though, that all hope was not lost. The Aztecs clung to their burial practices and religion despite being overrun by the invading Spanish. In searching through upper class dwellings, researchers found bodies buried with traditional funeral offerings. Altars were found within the homes, as well, along with bone fragments which suggests some sort on animal sacrifice. Figures were placed through the homes, including some depicting the Spanish men. It seems that despite being conquered, the aztec clung to their religion and found ways to carry on as best they could, showing an incredible dedication to their culture. 4. A Secret Tunnel: In 2003, a massive landslide hit the site of the ancient Aztec empire, causing dig sites to fill with water and many areas to be covered in mud and debris. A team working near the Temple of the Plumed Serpent came to their site and were shocked to find a massive sinkhole. One archaeologist ventured into the hole via a rope tied around his waist and realized that they had, in fact, accidentally found some sort of tunnel that was sealed off. After painstakingly opening the tunnel, the team found countless artifacts including jewelry, art, cat bones, and even skin fragments. The realization quickly settled in that they had opened an area that Aztec commoners were not permitted in; they had found a religious site. The tunnel made its way from the temple to the Temple of the Sun. More areas within the tunnel have yet to be excavated but the findings so far have clarified quite a few mysteries about the empire’s daily life while also creating several new questions. 3. Interlocking Skeletons: 2. A Model of the Universe: 1. Death Whistles
Views: 18087 All Things Human
Unbelievable MASKS Unearthed by Archaeologists
From an Ivory Mask that will give you chills to a couple Egyptian Masks that will intrigue your curiosity here are 7 Unbelievable Masks Unearthed By Archaeologists 7. Mask of Tutankhamun King Tutankhamun, also known as King Tut, is one of the most famous Egyptian pharaohs of all time. From what we know about him, King Tut lived a hard life. He was ill and likely had spinal deformities and a club foot. He became king of Egypt while he was still just a child and died before he ever reached his twentieth birthday. Found in 1922 and opened in 1923, King Tut’s tomb in the Valley of the Kings was packed with incredibly detailed, ornate artifacts, many of which shaped our mental image of what Egyptian life was like. Arguably the most famous piece of recovered ancient Egyptian life, King Tut’s death mask became the basis for every Hollywood mummy’s final resting place. Made entirely of gold and featuring inlaid patterns of colored glass and precious gemstones, the mask is an incredible piece of craftsmanship that melds together many attributes of the Egyptian god, Osiris and the facial features of King Tutankhamun. The mask was removed from the boy king’s body in December of 1925, after being viewed by human eyes for the first time in over three thousand years. It was transported to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, where it still sits on display. This is NOT the only egyptian mask on this list today, we are just getting started, stick around to see more! 6. Mask of la Roche-Cotard: When you think of Neanderthals, you probably imagine low IQ having, thick browed savages. Artisans would probably be one of the very last thoughts to cross your mind if asked to associate trades with cavemen. Found in 1975, the mask of la Roche-Cotard was made around 33,000 years ago, placing it at a time when cavemen walked the earth. Primitive and roughly made, the flint mask was carved with a human likeness and is, perhaps, the oldest mask ever created. Also known as the Mousterian Protofigurine due to having been created during the Mousterian period, the mask was recovered from the mouth of a cave called the la Roche-Cotard just off of the banks of the Loire River. Not much else is known about the mask, aside from many archaeologists believing that the Neanderthals likely created it for a practical purpose as opposed to an artistic one. 5. Benin Ivory Mask: The Benin Empire ruled over present day Nigeria in the 16th century. The empire left behind countless stunning artifacts, one of the most incredible being a mask carved in the likeness of the Queen Mother Idia. Described as a great warrior who fought fearlessly alongside her son, the Oba of Benin, Esigie. The mask, carved of ivory, features a detailed carving of the Queen Mother’s face. A choker adorns her neck and inland fragments of iron show off the scarification work done to her forehead and face. Significantly, the choice of carving her likeness from ivory was not just an aesthetic decision. Ivory was an expensive, luxurious commodity in Africa and was chose due to it representing wealth, power, and purity. An incredible symbol for a truly incredible woman. The mask was looted from the last Oba’s bedroom when forces invaded the tribe and, after changing hands several times, the mask ended up under the care of Nelson Rockefeller, who placed it among the pieces in his Museum of Primitive Art in 1954. Other similar masks exist, placed in museums around the globe. 4. A Gold Plated Wonder On July 14, 2018, archaeologists uncovered an incredible find while sifting through a recently uncovered ancient Egyptian burial ground. Among the various artifacts was an incredible gold plated silver mask depicting the face of the young man who’s mummy it adorned. The tomb complex in Saqqara, Egypt extended more than one hundred feet into the earth and contained dozens of different chambers. The mask was found in a smaller burial chamber and is roughly 2500 years old, dating somewhere between 664 BC and 404 BC. The eyes of the mask are inlaid with obsidian, calcite, and black gemstones which gives the mask an almost lifelike gaze. Historians are quite shocked at the find, as precious metal masks are quite rare. Typically, looters will remove the masks due to their high value and sell them as collectables on the black market. It is absolutely incredible that one was found intact and undisturbed. over 2000 years after its creation. 3. Alexander Peden's Mask: 2. The False Face Society: 1. Ka-Nefer-Nefer
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9 Mysterious Artifacts That Have Baffled Researchers
From the Shroud of Turin to a battery that is thousands of years old, here are 9 of the most mysterious artifacts found that have completely baffled researchers. 9. Baghdad Battery: The Baghdad Battery is technically not one singular artifact, but a collection of twelve samples found in Iraq. Outwardly appearing to be nothing more than a terracotta jar, the artifacts could actually be a power source used for electroplating gold coatings over other, less valuable metals. Dated between 250 BC and 225 AD, if these truly were batteries, they would pre-date Volta’s first attempts by more than 1500 years. It is believed the batteries worked by placing a rod of one type of metal, a smaller piece of another metal, and an acidic liquid into a terracotta vessel. A charge is created, allowing the user to electroplate an item. Researchers are not convinced though and much debate surrounds the topic with many believing the pots and rods are just special scroll holders. Experiments have been conducted many times and support the pots being batteries and electroplated items from that time period do exist. Scientists and historians are amazed and baffled by the possibility that a battery could have existed centuries before the first modern-esque one was first invented. 8. Lake Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone: At first glance, the Lake Winnipesaukee Mystery Stone looks like a black egg. The dark, oblong stone sits in the Museum of New Hampshire and has drawn visitors frequently since its induction in 1872. Named for its discovery location, the stone features many different carvings, including a face, ear of corn, stars, circles, and several other sigils. A hole that appears to be made using power tools is bored into each end of the stone. No more information is known on the stone, not even an age, though many believe the holes were bored during the 19th century, indicating the stone was tampered with at some point. Its origin is cloudy but the American Naturalists believe that it was created as a peace treaty between two tribes. The stone is made of quartzite and is believed to be quite old but the age cannot be placed due to the potential tampering and mishandling. 7. Costa Rica’s Stone Spheres: The Diquis Delta of Costa Rica is speckled with smooth, round spheres made of stones. These stones, made of hardened magma, are dated to have been created as early as 600 AD and were likely carved by hand into their perfectly spherical shapes. No purpose is known for the stones, though many believe that they could have been used for astrological purposes or as a sort of calendar. Due to them being carved with such care, likely by striking them with other rocks and the precise placement of the stones, researchers believe there is definitely an important historical purpose behind the stones’ creation but cannot fathom a reason as to why they were so artfully crafted. All that is known is that the Chibchan people created them and due to their disappearance during the Spanish conquests of the area, we may never know the true story of Costa Rica’s Stone Spheres. 6. The Shroud of Turin: If you ever wish to add heated debate to an archaeological discovery, simply add claims of religious ties to the dig site or artifacts. The Shroud of Turin is believed by many Christians to be the burial cloth of Jesus Christ. The shroud is plain and aged but shows the darkened outlines of a human man’s body and tinges of blood. According to Catholic records from 1353 AD, the cloth did indeed encounter Christ and witness his burial but there is much debate on the topic. Dating has placed the cloth as a medieval farce but many believe this is due to the area of the shroud that was dated actually being part of a medieval repair attempt on the original shroud and that a true date could come from a different area. Researchers are gridlocked in disagreement so no official verdict has been dealt on the authenticity of the Shroud of Turin and it is unlikely answers will ever be found due to the shroud’s deterioration. 5. Goddard Coin 4. The Piri Reis Map 3. Voynich manuscript 2. Super-Henge 1. The Holey Jar
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Archaeological Discoveries Made in Basements
From Ancient Roman Gold, to skeletons in Benjamin Franklin’s house! Here are some of the most unbelievable Archaeological discoveries made in basements. 7. Noah The Penn Museum in Philadelphia is a common tourist stop. With galleries dedicated to cultures like ancient Egypt and Canaan, the museum has something to appeal to literally every history nerd out there. With such a large array of exhibits, the museum has a rather involved and detailed catalog system to keep everything organized and safe. Despite this, somehow an incredible find slipped through the cracks and lay unattended and forgotten in the museum’s basement for quite some time. Nicknamed Noah, the 6,500 year old skeleton had been unmoved in the basement for around eighty five years. There were no records on hand for the piece but, after some digging, a file was found in the antiquated records that revealed Noah was unearthed in modern day Iraq between 1929 and 1930. Noah had once been accounted for as one of two skeletons recovered from the Iraqi dig but was lost and officially listed as “unaccounted for” in 1990. Researchers had been searching for the body since but were unsuccessful until the fluke find in 2014. 6. An Entire City The Anatolia region of Turkey is known for its vast array of underground cities. In spite of this, it was probably quite the shock when, in 2014, a homeowner discovered the beginning of a massive living area while clearing out an area beneath his home. Mustafa Bozdemir was gifted a home and set about to renovate it. He found what he believed to be some sort of food storage cellar under the one story house; a short time later he uncovered human bones which were sent off to be studied. As he continued his work, he discovered that his bonus room was something far more incredible; it was the first of a series of homes in an entire underground city! So far, excavation efforts have found the city to contain homes, stockyards, and pretty much any other facet of everyday ancient life you could imagine. Exploration is ongoing currently with more finding popping up each month. 5. A Biblical Treasure Trove Sometimes when a loved one passes on they leave behind some bizarre things. Money hidden in walls, old cars, and creepy porcelain doll collections are all fairly common occurrences, it seems. When Osnat Lester’s relative died, he left behind something absolutely unbelievable: a collection of ancient artifacts. From her home near the Sea of Galilee, Lester placed a phone call to the Israel Antiquities Authority upon finding the collection of pottery and other pieces. The archaeologists who came to the scene were amazed by the collection, which was apparently pulled from the Mediterranean Sea by the deceased relative, who was a fisherman. The collection included pieces that were over three thousand years old, dating to the biblical era. Another vase was found to be from the Roman era with an age of more than two thousand years; a third piece was dated to the Byzantine era and was around 1500 years old. All of the pieces were well preserved despite being packed into crates in a basement for years; Lester, who has been dubbed a “good samaritan”, plans to allow the pieces to be displayed in the coming years. 4. Part of American History When Alexandra Poulos’s father moved out of her childhood home, she jumped at the opportunity to keep the white colonial’s ownership within the family. Bought by her parents in 1974, the Pennsylvania house held a special place in her heart; she fixed it up and began renting it out to carefully selected tenants. 3. Roman Gold 2. Literary Masterpiece 1. Skeletons in Ben Franklin’s Home
Views: 8118 All Things Human
Most Incredible Crown Discoveries
From the crown that adorned king tutankhamun’s royal head to the oldest crown ever to be discovered, here are the 8 Most Incredible Discoveries, all about crowns. 8. Cursed Crown of Queen Yaba For some reason, adorning a head with precious metals and jewels is a universal symbol of power. From the 10th century BCE to around 5th, the Assyrians dominated the area of land known as Mesopotamia. Nimrud was one of their most important cities and held one of the most luxurious tombs of all time. Researchers uncovered the burial sites of several of the most powerful queens of the Assyrian reign. One of these women, Queen Yaba, wife of Tiglath-Pileser III, was uncovered buried in a decorated tomb beneath the floors of the Nimrud palace. With her was a crown made entirely of carefully shaped gold and a harem of gilded treasures. A curse was written on the walls of her resting place, warning that anyone who desecrated her final resting place would eternally wander the countryside parched and with an unquenchable thirst. 7. Diadem of King Tut King Tutankhamun is one of the most well known Egyptian pharaohs of all time. Forgotten by history at first, he was uncovered in 1922 in an incredibly well preserved state. A boy king, he was only around nine years old when he became pharaoh and ruled for around a decade before his death at the age of nineteen from an infected leg wound...or an ostrich fight...or genetic material from his brother-sister parents. After his mysterious death, he was not referenced often in Egyptian record keeping and became lost to history for some time, especially after construction of a different tomb buried the entrance to his. Countless artifacts ranging from childhood toys to currency were uncovered with his mummy, including this spectacular crown. It’s called a diadem. Diadems were a sort of crown used to hold the wigs of Egyptian nobility in place. King Tut’s diadem contained many colorful jewels and featured the likenesses of the vulture goddess, Nekhbet, and the cobra goddess, Wadjet to offer protection and guidance to the young king. 6. The Crown of Baekje In 18 BCE, King Onjo founded the Korean kingdom of Baekje. An incredibly powerful kingdom, Baekje flourished and formed colonies in China and other nearby regions due to its immense military prowess and ties to the Japanese. The warriors of the Baekje were amazing sailors and commanded the sea with ease. Due to the extensive travels of the kingsmen, life during the era was heavily influenced by outside powers. This can be clearly seen in the Crown of Baekje, a pair of thin, impossibly intricate golden ornaments worn by King Muryeong during his reign from 501 CE to 523 CE. The crown ornament was named the Geumjegwansik, and was worn on the sides of a special cap, giving the wearer an almost winged appearance, like the greek god Hermes. Excavated from King Muryeong’s tomb in 1971, the Geumjegwansik was designated as the 154th national treasure of Korea on July 9th, 1974. Other similar crowns have been discovered since, including one that is absolutely identical to that of King Muryeong that likely belonged to his queen. 5. Crown of a Khagan The image of a vicious Mongol Horde still strikes fear into the hearts of many to this day. The historical accounts of Mongols on a battlefield remain alive through stories of their incredible, ruthless military prowess and amazing social advancements that were far ahead of their time. Bilge Khagan, known as the “Wise Khan”, ruled from the Black Sea to Korea until he was poisoned by a high governor of the empire. In 2001, the first ever major treasure belonging to e pre-Islamic Khan was uncovered, and it included a stunning golden crown. This crown was engraved with the image of a mythological bird carrying a ring. Similar markings found elsewhere on the crown and in other areas of the discovery were recognized on a monument to Bilge Khagan, leading researchers to believe the crown belonged to either the Wise Khan himself or his son, Inel. 4. 4000 Year Old Copper Crown 3. Alexander the Great’s Crown: 2. Spanish Bronze Age Crown: 1 The Oldest Crown in the World
Views: 60230 All Things Human
8 Unbelievable Discoveries Made Within Caves
From an unbelievable ancient sword made from a stingray to fossils plated in armor, here are 8 unbelievable discoveries made within caves and tunnels around the world. 9 When You’re in a Cave and You Find a Foot... While tunneling through a cave in Mount Owen in New Zealand in 1986, a research crew was astounded to come across an enormous claw with four talons, still covered by flesh and hard scaly skin. Brought out into the light, they could see that the claw belong to a bird larger than seemed possible for how recently the appendage seemed to be separated from its owner. The researchers analyzed the find and determined that it was the foot of a 3,300 year old prehistoric non-flying bird called the Moa. The Moa birds of old clocked in at the largest species of bird on the planet back in their day, looking like an overgrown, menacing ostrich. This still enormous foot belonged to a more evolved and smaller Moa, called the Upland Moa due to its geographical preference for high rocky locations. What made these claw so unique is that instead of being just a bone structure, it had a natural process of mummification so neat that it was found almost in a perfect state, as it still had all the muscles and the skin mostly intact, theorized to have happened because the Moa lived in caves, away from damaging UV rays and moisture. 8 What’s behind door number 6 Imagine: You’re in Southern India, the year is 2011, deep below a temple dedicated to the eternally sleeping incarnation of Vishnu, lies six vaults of treasure. It’s been 150 years since the vaults were last opened, until now. Tgold coins, statues of gods and goddesses studded with diamonds and other precious stones are believed to have been buried 500 years ago by the Royal Travancore family who believed themselves to be servants of its presiding deity. Managing to open 5 of the six vaults, the treasure is estimated to be worth about 22 billion dollars! No one knows the exact amount of treasure because the sixth vault has not been opened...well, sort of. It's guarded by an thick iron door, with an intricate kind of lock seemly impossible to break or resolve. This iron door is guarded by two iron snakes that wind around an inscription that if the door is forced open, a curse of terrible origins shall fall on those who dared. 7 Lost Ancient Biblical Scrolls The year is 1947, and three Bedouin shepherds were following an innocent lost goat as it wandered into a cave near the ancient site of Qumran, a mile from the Dead Sea. They followed their goat into the cave, where they discovered these mysterious clay jars. Upon further inspection, they realized the jars contained seven papyrus scrolls. Over the next decade, multiple excavations in multiple near 6 Armor plated fossils During a routine dig for a subway tunnel in Buenos Aires a startling discovery of a fossil was made. The fossils found belonged to a Glyptodon - a huuuuge furry-faced armadillo-like dinosaur dated to be one million years old. The pieces were embedded in a lateral wall of the tunnel which were somewhere around 12 meters deep. These remains were nearly confused with plain cement and were moments from being destroyed with construction equipment since the shell of this dinosaur has a cement like formation. The Glyptodon was a genus of large, armored mammals, think about rhino sized... they grew to about by caves discovered an additional 981 texts dug out of 11 caves, mostly remnants of larger manuscripts, with the vast majority only holding small scraps of text. After a long process of tireless study researcher are beginning to believe the scrolls to be books of the canonical Hebrew Bible, dated from 8th century BCE and as late as the 11th century CE. The Qumran scrolls beat the then-oldest known manuscript of the Hebrew Bible by more than a thousand years.2 meters in length and weighed something like 2 tons. 5 An Old Man’s Remembered Past 90-year old Tonino Pérsico recalled a secret underground network of tunnels in which he had hid within during the fierce bombings of World War Two. Following a note written by the war veteran describing the stairways, large chambers, and passages, excavators began looking below the City of Napoli, Italy, to re-discover them. These tunnels ran as long as 1,000 meters and were used as a shelter, complete with a water cistern to hold water from the springs and an unfinished hidden passage that went straight to the Real Palace. 4 Lets go to Gouhs 3 Spray Paint of the Ancients 2 Discovery of the Mega tunnels 1 Stingray Sword
Views: 64615 All Things Human
MOST Mysterious Ancient Tablets EVER Discovered
From a tablet that may tell us about a great comet that struck the earth to the actual ten commandments! here are some of the the most unbelievable ancient tablets ever found! 10 - Ancient Prenup An interesting insight into marriage in Assyrian culture with this recent finding. This 4000 year-old tablet is considered to be a prenuptial agreement, mind you. Details about monogamy, fertility, witnesses and even terms of payment in case of divorce were addressed in the piece. In Assyrian culture, monogamy was much valued but even so, according to the tablet, the wife should allowed her husband do hire a female slave to act as a surrogate if, only if, the couple wasn’t able to conceive within two years of marriage. In their culture, the families are not to be left without a child, hence the agreement. 9 - First 'payslip' in history One of the first fully functioning cities to emerge in Mesopotamia survived for more than 4000 years and now, experts believe to have found the reason behind this prosperous civilization: workers were paid in beer! Well, it may not look like it by looking at the tablet, but researchers with infinitely more experience than us are certain that this could be the first ‘payslip’ to ever be recorded. In this 5000 year-old tablet they can see food and drinks (I definitely can’t!) in what they believe is a form to record the payments given to each employee. The discovery also shows the emergence of concepts such as employers and workers, meaning a dramatic change in the way humans worked, with people now being paid to perform their tasks. So just to get this straight, was beer some kind of currency? 8 - Student’s Tablet You can consider the YBC 7289 a student’s notebook if you like. This small hand tablet dated from 1800–1600 BCE is fascinating, mathematically speaking. Just by looking at it you wouldn’t say that, right? Well, obviously, because we don’t know what it means! But this primitive piece of history illustrates a geometric square with intersecting diagonals and most importantly, it indicates a numerical estimate of √2 correctly to six decimal places, in other words, they could solve the square root of 2 and come up with an estimate result of 1.414213! The mathematicians from the ancient world possessed such great computational accuracy in their calculations. I still have my doubts if it wasn’t Enki who brought a calculator from Nibiru for them (don’t worry, you will learn about Enki in a moment), how could you calculate the square root of 2 without one?! 7 - Oldest Customer Service Complaint This complaint letter found at the city of Ur (present day southern Iraq) was written 3750 years ago and it reads: “...When you came, you said to me as follows: ‘I will give you fine quality copper ingots.’ You left them but you did not do what you promised me. You put ingots which were not good before my messenger and said: ‘If you want to take them, take them; if you do not want to take them, go away!...’” This heated protest is believed to be the first service complaint ever recorded, you can see the man’s dissatisfaction regarding the service received. The Mesopotamian society had knowledge of medicine, astronomy, and agriculture but apparently no matter where, when or how advanced you are, quality customer service is difficult to find and this ancient tablet is utter proof. 6 - Ancient Stone Tablet Reveals Comet Impact If we already didn’t have such modern methods to study our past, our universe and things that happened thousands of years ago, we could very well rely on these ancient tablets to tell us the whole story, or at least, a part of it. This impressive discovery found in the world’s oldest known temple and translated by scientists, confirms that a comet struck Earth at around 11000 BC. The event caused massive global destruction and possibly it was the responsible for the rise of new civilizations after the cooling event called Young Dryas. The carvings showed different animals corresponding to astronomical constellations and comet fragments as they hit Earth. Creepy headless men symbolizing human disaster could also be seen. Spooky events aside, the fact that ancient people also liked to tell and illustrate their life events is very human, I guess. 5 - Life of Jews in Babylon 4- The Origin of our Species (Extraterrestrial Stuff) 3 - Babylonian tablet rewrites the history of Math 2 - Epic of Gilgamesh 1 - Ten Commandments
Views: 278976 All Things Human
9 Unbelievable Animals You Probably Didn't Know are Real
From fish with teeth in its throat, an Ancient elephant you likely have never heard of to a goat that may have the ability to cure snake bites! Here are 9 unbelievable animals you probably didn't know are real 9 The Blue Parrotfish Here we have a truly one of a kind fish! Known for their incredibly vibrant blue color that no other fish develops, the Blue Parrot fish will have a small yellow spot on its head, but it will fade away as they age, causing them to be wholly blue. The Parrot fish actually has something that resembles a beak for scraping algae off of rocks, and they also have what are known as pharyngeal teeth, which are teeth inside of their throat for grinding up rocks into sand during digestion. Pharyngeal teeth are actually not too uncommon amongst many fish. The blue parrot fish is often found in shallow waters on coral reefs in the western atlantic ocean, and can grow to an astonishing 1.2 meters, just over 4 feet in length, making them quite a large fish! 8 The emperor tamarin Here’s a funky looking Tamarin that I personally think looks like the master martial artist from “Kill Bill” but in fact the Emperor tamarin was named for its resemblance to German emperor Wilhelm II. Hailing from the southwest Amazon Basin in Peru, Brazil and Bolivia, the emperor tamarin stands around 26 centimeters tall, or 10 inches and weighs a cute 500 grams, which is just over a pound. Mostly grey in color with some yellow speckles on it chest, this animal is certainly something to look at. Oh and that signature white upside down Salvador Dali mustache...both males and females have it. 7 The Saiga Antelope This odd looking animal is known as the Saiga Antelope, it can typically be found in Russia, but more on that in a bit. These guys actually will change colors slightly based on the season. During the Summer they will have a yellow and reddish color to their fur and as Winter approaches their coat will approach more of a grayish color. Okay, lets get to the question we are all thinking, that nose, well it’s quite cool actually, the closely spaced, downward facing nostrils help the antelope avoid sucking up dust made by the herd during summer migrations and keeps the blood cooler and during the winter months the nostrils actually warm up the air before it reaches their lungs, incredible! We used to be able to find these guys all over the Eurasia, but copious amounts of hunting having caused the saiga antelope to become extinct in many regions of the world, making them critically endangered. 6 Markhor Goat The markhor goat is gorgeous and absolutely huge species of wild goat, they are commonly referred to as the screw horn goat. These unbelievable creatures can be found in many different places including Pakistan, Afghanistan, Northern India, Uzbekistan oh and in the Himalayas. Although like the Saiga Antelope their population is being heavily threatened because of hunting. The name Makhor is actually believed to be derived from the word “Mar” which is persian in origin and means snake and “khor” which means snake. It has been interpreted as coming from the animals ability to kill snakes or from the animals snake like horns. A story of the goat says that the goats would kill and eat snakes which caused them foam at the mouth, and the foam would drop to the ground where people would collect it after it dries and use it extract poison from deadly snake bites. 5 The Wooly Pig (Mangalitsa Pig) Developed in the mid 19th century, this pig is AWESOME. Yes you heard me right, this pig was developed...crossbred between a Hungarian breed from Szalonta and a wild boar in Serbia, this is the wooly pig, or Mangalitsa pig. With a pig’s high intelligence and this awesome wooly coat, this pig would make a house pet that may rival some of the best dog breeds. There is only one other known pig breed that has a long coat, it was an English breed called the Lincolnshire curly coated pig and it went extinct a long time ago. 4 The Blue Footed Booby The bird with a name I just can’t help chuckle at, the blue footed booby. Native to tropical regions of the pacific ocean you cannot mistake these birds for anything else when you see them. The males actually use their feet in a mating ritual by lifting and dropping them over and over again to get the attention of potential female mates. The females of the breed are typically a bit larger than male standing about 90 centimeters tall with a fairly large wingspan of about 1.5 meters or 5 feet. One interesting difference between the blue footed booby from many other birds is that they lay and hatch only one egg at a time, making their offspring differ in age causing problems in times of food scarcity, which is actually a big factor for scientists studying the blue footed booby. 3 Venezuelan Poodle Moth 2 Goblin Shark 1 Platybelodon
Views: 25697 All Things Human
Mysterious Ancient SCROLL Discoveries
From the thought to be lost dead sea scrolls to a mysterious and beautiful copper scrool here ar the most Mysterious and Incredible Ancient Scroll Discoveries 7. The Shepherd and the Scroll While following a lost and wandering goat, three Bedouin shepherds uncovered one of the greatest literary finds of all time. Chasing their lost livestock, the three entered a cave around a mile from the dead sea and were shocked at what was inside. Buried in a clay jars, the trio found a series of seven scrolls and saw an opportunity to make a killing at market. The scrolls were sold to a man in Bethlehem who caught the attention of scholars, who sought out the cave. Inside they found over nine hundred and eighty one texts, all of which contained pieces of the Hebrew Bible and other religious texts. Dubbed the Qumran scrolls or dead sea scrolls, the texts are considered sacred within the Jewish religion. If it weren’t for a goat wandering from the herd in 1947, the texts very well may have never been found! 6. A 12th Cave In the last six decades, there has been little to no progress on locating any more dead sea scrolls. Originally thought to have been hidden within a series of eleven caves, archaeologists uncovered what is believed to have been a twelfth storage chamber near the original eleven of the cave system in Qumran. Dating back to the time of Jesus, the scrolls are priceless and incredibly valuable to the Jewish community. Unfortunately, inside the twelfth chamber there were signs of burglary, as many of the clay pots used to house the scrolls were broken open with the scrolls removed. Though no pieces of paper were left, the chamber itself is an incredible find that opens the possibility that even more chambers may exist within the area, encouraging archaeologists to keep searching and to keep an eye on markets for any potential scrolls surfacing. 5. Follow the Smoke A massive collection of primarily Buddhist texts, the findings within the Mogao Cave system in China is one of the largest of its kind in history. Found in Dunhuang, a city in the north of the western Chinese province of Gansu, the trove of texts contained over twenty thousand scrolls total. Ranging from manuscripts on Buddhist practices to taoist tales, the priceless cache of documents was found in an unbelievable, almost unrealistic way. One day, a man named Wang Yuanlu noticed his cigarette’s smoke was wafting towards the far wall of the shrine. Out of curiosity or boredom, he knocked on the wall and found it to be hollow and containing the massive collection of scrolls. Word got back to an archaeologist named Aurel Stein who happened to be in the area and, after much negotiation, Yuanlu was convinced to sell around half of the collection for 130 pounds. Other collectors scrambled to get their hands on texts from the collection until only a mere 20% remained, which was seized by the Beijing government to be saved. 4. A Copper Scroll 3. Of Precious Stones 2. Once Upon a Dream 1. To Timbuktu
Views: 8003 All Things Human
What is This Mysterious Viking Crystal?!
Medieval Vikings were a fierce and incredible people, with a wonderful and STILL widely known about belief system. Well even with all the research done they are still filled with mystery and surprise, take this crystal...What was this mysterious Viking crystal used for? Find out here on “All Things Human” In the tenth century the Vikings made incredible voyages via sailboat to Greenland, this voyage was definitely treacherous and difficult for many reasons, one of the most difficult parts besides bitter cold and fast moving clouds would have been: Navigation. Doesn’t sound all that exciting, but imagine it’s the tenth century and you are sailing across the ocean from Norway to Greenland without a compass in thick fog during the twilight hours with no visible sun or stars. Quality navigation equipment really didn’t come around until the 16th century and Europe, so how the heck did the Vikings do it? Researchers have developed a computer simulation that may have come up with the answer. It is believed that the Vikings used what is called a sunstone. The so-called sunstone was a device the could pinpoint the sun’s location in cloudy or foggy weather. The user would simply hold up the solar stone to a cloudy sky and could see light being refracted from the sun giving the user the ability to navigate accurately. The supposed sunstone has been mentioned in Viking folklore and legends. Archaeologists have stated that this almost mystical stone was likely something called Icelandic Spar, which is a mineral called calcite that has sort of a crystal like structure that simply polarizes light. In 2011 some experiments were done to determine how well these calcite crystals could find the direction of the sun, but then it was up to a computer simulation to figure out just how well this crystal could work to get our Nordic friends to frigid Greenland. A computer simulated over 1000 voyages using the “solar stone accuracy records” and an insane 92 percent of the voyages arrived safely to the Greenland Coast. These incredible findings are leading researchers to believe that Calcite may have actually been used by other civilizations. What I find personally interesting is that because the sunstones aren’t perfectly accurate it required the users to take frequent readings, and because of this it is theorized that some of the viking ships that veered south and ended up in North America could have possibly been due to improper use of the solar stones. Unfortunately sun finding crystals have never actually been discovered with Viking remains, but they have with British warships, but between Viking folklore and really no other known instruments this must be the tool used by the Vikings. Hey if you liked hearing about this I really recommend you check out this video 8 Most Advanced Ancient Technologies or any of my other videos on All Things Human
Views: 9210 All Things Human
Unbelievable NATIVE AMERICAN Archaeological Finds
Prior to the arrival of European settlers, Native Americans thrived in the naturally diverse geological landmass that would become the United States. From prehistoric skeletons to incredibly complex and mysterious Ancient city, here are seven of the greatest archaeological finds to ever be linked to the native inhabitants of the Americas. 7. Sonoma County Wildfire Find In late 2017, wildfires devastated much of Sonoma, California and the surrounding suburbs. Called the Nuns Fire, the massive blaze joined with other nearby wildfires to burn over two hundred and ten thousand acres before they were put out. With over ninety thousand people evacuated and countless homes destroyed, the fires were absolutely massive and terrifying, taking down everything in their wake. Amazingly, amid the destruction, one stroke of good luck struck. While cleaning up the ash and debris, Sonoma native David Carrio noticed something shiny and black breaking through the dirt and muck. He immediately recognized the obsidian arrowhead as a tool fashioned by his ancestors from the indigenous Coast Miwok peoples. 6. Prehistoric Underwater Burial Site In mid-2016, a diver enjoying the waters off of the coast of Venice, Florida happened across a jawbone. Weathered and encrusted with barnacles, the bone sat on a paper plate on the man’s countertop for weeks before the diver realized it was likely of human origins. Upon alerting the authorities, an archaeologist from Florida’s Bureau of Archaeological Research noticed that the single tooth left in the jawbone was worn smooth, indicating a lifestyle similar to that of ancient beings who dined on tough foods frequently. A team of archaeological divers ventured into the area and were amazed to find an entire underwater burial ground. 5. A Fort in Connecticut In late 2018, a team of archaeologists set out to dig an entire fort that had been recovered in Norwalk on a small sliver of land next to a railway transversed by Amtrak and Metro-North commuter trains. The 1600s fort follows a discovery nearby involving three thousand year old arrowheads and spear tips, indicating the site had been utilized by Native Americans for generations. One of the oldest sites found in the state, the fort is rich in artifacts including glass beads that were used as currency, hatchets, and knives, all of which are shockingly well preserved. 4. A Massive Haul In early 2018, a team of archaeologists in Camden, New Jersey discovered the start of what would become one of the largest Native American artifact treasure troves ever discovered. Dated to as early as four thousand years ago, the artifacts covered a large variety of primitive Native life aspects including tool fragments and arrowheads used for hunting and self defense. Hearthstones accompanied by animal bones and plant remains were also found, showcasing the dietary habits of the former inhabitants of the area and giving some insight into their medicinal practices. 3. Pueblo Crypts: In early 2017, it was revealed that a mysterious Pueblo crypt that had been excavated more than a century ago actually held something incredible. More than a dozen bodies had been pulled from the tiny crypt near Chaco Canyon in an area known as Pueblo Bonito, or beautiful town, that was once the center of Chacoan life. Powerful and active from 800 AD to 1100 AD, the Chacoans are most well known for creating amazing, five story settlements called pueblos all though New Mexico, Arizona, Utah, and Colorado. Excavated from an intricate, honeycomb printed building in Pueblo Bonito in 1896, it turns out that the bodies were actually those of powerful, socially important Chacoans who were all related through their mothers. One man buried in the crypt was found with more than twelve thousand turquoise beads, more than all of the other beads found at all other Chacoan sites combined. A conch shell and musical instruments were in the crypt as well, along with scarlet macaws, which were found in an adjacent room. 2. 16000 Year Old Texas Artifacts In mid-2018, a team from the Gault School for Archaeological Research announced that they had found over one hundred and fifty thousand artifacts that date to over sixteen thousand years old while excavating a site in Williamson County. Included in the massive cache of artifacts were several projectile weapons, challenging traditionally accepted archaeological theories that state that projectiles were not introduced until some time later. The society who created the artifacts is believed to be one of a growing number that predated the Clovis society that was once believed to be the earliest in North America.
Views: 2108 All Things Human
Most Amazing Archaeological Finds in Africa
From the oldest humans EVER to unbelievable ancient ruins, here are the Most Amazing Archaeological Finds in Africa 8. A 12th Century Muslim City In mid-2017, a team of archaeologists uncovered a long forgotten ancient city in Ethiopia. Dated to around the 12th century, the city contains a mosque, evidence of traditional Islamic burials, headstones, and a collection of smaller artifacts including glass fragments, rock crystal pieces, carnelian, glass beads, cowry shells, and imported pottery from Madagascar, the Maldives, Yemen and China. There have been very few Islamic sites recovered in Ethiopia so researchers are calling this find a treasure trove of sorts. A selection of thirteenth century bronze and silver coins from Egypt were also found. 7. Luxor Located near the Nile River in Egypt, Luxor has been touted as the most beautiful city in all of ancient Egypt. Frequently characterized as the world’s greatest open air museum, the city sits on the ruins of temple complexes which rise from the center of the modernized city. Once the ancient city of Thebes, the area was once the capital of ancient Egypt and held many trade markets and places of worship. The city thrived for centuries until it was attacked by the Assyrian ruler Ashurbanipal, who left the city in ruins. The ruins have since become a popular tourist attraction and can be visited year round. 6. Oldest Homosapiens in Africa In 2017, a team excavating a site in Jebel Irhoud, Morocco unearthed something that could potentially change our understanding of our distant ancestors forever. Lead by Professor Jean-Jacques Hublin of Germany, the team dug up a set of fossilized human remains that date back to over three hundred thousand years ago. They also found a small set of tools and various other artifacts. 5. Olduvai Gorge One of the most important archaeological sites ever discovered in the entire world, Olduvai Gorge is located in Tanzania. Called the cradle of mankind, Olduvai Gorge showcases the lineage of human evolution all in one place. Located near the bed of a lake, the gorge contains a selection of fossilized ancestral humans that date back over 1.7 million years old. A skull was recovered from the oldest sedimentary layer that was dubbed the “Nutcracker Man” due to its incredibly huge molars. The area is also full of tools and broken animal bones with the marrow removed, giving researchers a look into the progression of human society and dietary preferences. 4. Lomekwi Located in Kenya, Lomekwi was discovered in mid-2011 by a team of archaeologists lead by Sonia Harmand and Jason Lewis of Stony Brook University entirely on accident. The team had planned to search an area nearby that had been listed as a fossil hotspot but got lost along the way; while finding their way back they discovered an unexplored area and decided to survey it. Amazingly, they dug up something that would change our understanding of prehistoric human life forever: tools. It is obvious that prehistoric humans utilized tools but, until the findings of Lomekwi, it was assumed that their invention occurred at a much later point in history. 3. Sterkfontein Caves Found in South Africa, the Sterkfontein Caves are, arguably, one of the largest archaeological finds of all time. Housing over 500 hominids, the cave system is, without a doubt, the largest collection of prehistoric human remains to ever be found. Modern excavations of the area began in the late 1800s and carried on until late 1900s, at which point the area became open to the public and began to attract tourists. Two of the fossils discovered became incredibly famous due to their shockingly well preserved states. 2. Laas Geel The Laas Geel is a collection of caves located in Hargeisa, Somalia. Found in late 2002 by a team of French researchers, the caves contain some of the oldest known cave art in the world. Containing imagery of long horned cattle, decorative robes, dogs, and giraffes, among other creatures of the time period. Thought to be some of the most colorful and vivid cave paintings in all of Africa, the Laas Geel collection has survived since between 9000 and 3000 BC due to the space where the paintings were created being covered by a limestone overhang. Headers depicted in the paintings are believed to have been the creators of the art and the inhabitants of the area. 1. Gedi Ruins Discovered in the 1920s, researchers did not begin to excavate the Gedi Ruins until the mid-1940s. Seen as a sacred site and spiritual place, the ruins had been untouched for centuries and were believed to have been under the protection of the “Old Ones” who would curse anyone who dared damage the ancient city. Located a short distance from the Indian Ocean’s coastlines n Kenya, the ruins were once a flourishing city from the 13th to the 17th centuries. Archaeologists excavating the site discovered many artifacts that implicated some sort of structured trade, including items from Spain, Venice, India and China!
Views: 8115 All Things Human
MOST Unbelievable Swords Ever Unearthed
From swords for samurai and kings, to swords that can cut through stone here are the histories of some of the most incredible swords ever unearthed. 8) The Wallace Sword: At a massive 5 feet 4 inches long from razor-sharp blade to hilt , the Wallace sword is an intimidating piece of metalwork. Believed to be wielded by William Wallace himself during the Wars of Scottish Independence, the Wallace Sword is surrounded in mystery and much debate. Allegedly, the sword was sent to John de Menteith, the Governor of Dumbarton Castle, after Wallace’s execution in 1305. From there, the sword’s location is unknown until 1505 when King James IV of Scotland paid for the sword’s hilt, pommel, scabbard, and belt to be replaced. According to legend, the King ordered this due to Wallace’s original components being comprised of the dried skin of English commander Hugh Cressingham after his defeat at the Battle of Stirling Bridge. After this, the sword once again goes missing, with no written mention of it until three centuries later, when a letter was received from the War Office in 1875. The letter states that in 1825, the sword was sent to the Tower of London to be repaired. The sword was then sent to Dr. Samuel Meyrick to be analyzed. Dr. Meyrick concluded that the sword’s components could not have belonged to Wallace, citing them as being made no earlier than the 16th century. A heated debate has developed around the authenticity of the Wallace sword, as many find Dr.Meyrick’s evaluation to be invalid due to him not examining the actual blade of the sword, only the parts that were likely replaced by King James. Recent studies have revealed that there are pieces of a 13th century blade in the sword but during repairs, metals from other time periods have been mixed in, making it incredibly difficult to precisely date the sword and nearly impossible to cite an owner. 7) Tizona: Tizona, and its sister sword, Colada, was wielded by Rodrigo Diaz, better known as El Cid. With a name literally meaning, “firebrand”, this sword struck fear into the hearts of countless men during its time at El Cid’s side. El Cid was an incredibly strong military strategist and warrior, fighting for the Castille. He fought with Tizona against the Moors as a chief general of Alfonso VI’s army. It is alleged that El Cid won Tizona from its previous owner, King Yusef of Valencia. Stories of his military prowess rapidly spread, sparking poems and folktales that have survived even into modern times, several surrounding El Cid being chosen by God and Tizona’s supposed magical powers. Tizona’s powers are believed to be related to the bravery and strength of its wielder, growing most powerful when in the hands of El Cid. It is said that men faced with Tizona in a fight will drop to their knees and beg forgiveness or flee if the sword is owned by the right man. One popular story features El Cid after his death in 1099: in it, El Cid was seated, in full armor, in a church with Tizona at his side. A Jewish man plucked a hair from the deceased El Cid’s beard and the sword struck him down, nearly killing him. After being attended to, the man repents and allows himself to be baptized, the power of the sword converting him. Whether any of these tales hold any truth is up to interpretation but the power of Tizona in the hands of El Cid can historically never be denied. 6) Durendal: Durendal is arguably one of the most interesting swords of all time. Given to legendary paladin Roland by King Charlemagne, Durendal is said to contain a tooth from Saint Peter, a piece of Jesus Christ’s mother, Mary’s clothing, blood from Basil of Caesarea, and hair from Saint Denis all within its gold hilt. The wild claims do not end there, though, as Durendal is said to be the strongest sword of all time, fully capable of slicing large boulders in half with just one swing. It is cited in local lore as the cause of an area in the Pyrenees known as “Roland’s Breech” due to Roland swinging it into the rocks, leaving behind a large gash. The sword is also entirely indestructible by any known human means. The location of Durendal is not currently known, though several fake swords have appeared. Some claim it was stolen away by Henry Curtmantel in 1183 after being placed in the chapel of Mary while others claim it was simply lost or destroyed. The most popular story among locals is that Roland threw the sword into the cliffs of Rocamadour, where it stuck due to the sharpness of the blade, though the tourist offices claim it to be a replica. 5) Legbiter 4) The Sword of Goujian 3) The Seven-Branched Sword 2) Joyeuse 1)Curved saber of San Martín
Views: 1489121 All Things Human
Real Tech That Makes You SUPERHUMAN
We all want to be superheros, and technology is improving so fast that super-humans might not be a thing of science fiction. From super strength to invisibility, here is real tech that can make a person super! 12 Best Robots in The World: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PBLEYUbdYPk The Future of Superhuman Bionic Vision: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nC2Mulv3K2Y&t=24s 5 Invisibility If you’re a fan of comic books you’ve come across characters like the invisible woman of the fantastic four and thought “man that would be cool to be invisible whenever I want”. Well this is becoming more and more possible. Albeit you aren’t taking a super syrum to get this invisibility, so it is a bit more like harry potter’s invisibility cloak, but if you ask me, it’s just as cool. 4 X-Ray and Superhuman Vision So All Things Human has another video about vision entitled “The Future of Super Human Bionic Vision” Which you should all check out, but in the video I discussed a scientist name Doctor Garth Webb who has designed an eye implant that gives the user essentially superhuman vision, without the use of glasses, check out the video in the description to learn more. But now I’m here to tell you about someone who developed a technology that could give you xray vision. 3 Super Strength We’ve all seen ironman, and other than wanting to have Tony Stark’s outrageous amount of money, we would all love a cool exoskeleton like the ironman suit. But now the possibility of these super suits is becoming a reality. In the 12 Best Robots of The World, video on All Things Human, we mentioned the Ekso exoskeleton, and that has done wonders to get people with paralyzing spinal injuries walking, but what other exoskeleton technologies are out there? This exoskeleton essentially gives the wearer superhuman strength 2 Immotality Did you ever think you could see the year 2150, ok maybe with good healthy eating you could make it, but what about 2250 or even 2350?! 1 Super Brains We’ve already discussed uploading a brain to an avatar, but what about uploading information to your brain as it is in order to learn new skills or information. We already have systems for increasing brain function in areas of the brain that may have been damaged, for example giving site to the blind, or the ability to hear for the deaf, but what about something that can add power to an already healthy brain, or build a new pathway to external devices, like a computer? Thumbnail: Cyberdyne
Views: 9929 All Things Human
Crazy Things Ancient Spartans Did
They Enslaved An Entire Population The Spartans are almost solely known for their magnificent militant strength. Perhaps one of their most amazing conquests was enslaving the entire populus of the Helots, a group of people who resided in the Messenia area of Greece. The Spartans used the Helots as agricultural servants, getting most of their food from their fields. They would take the produce by force, allowing the Helots just enough to survive on. Over time, the Spartans became afraid that the Helots would overthrow them so they began to wage wars almost annually to keep them weak and fearful. A sort of military police, called the Krypteia, also took shape. The Krypteia was comprised of young, decorated soldiers who would hunt and kill the strongest Helots regularly to prevent any sort of uprising or strengthening. This is often regarded as one of the darkest military movements in Spartan history due to the terrible acts of the Krypteia and overall abhorrent treatment of the Helots in general. Spartan Infants Were Inspected and Discarded Being a child in Sparta was rough. Literally from the moment a baby was born it was scrutinized and held to an incredibly high standard of perfection. Newborns with deformities or undesirable traits were often left on the mountainside to perish or be adopted by neighboring families. According to Herodotus, many babies were even thrown from the mountain’s cliffs. Once deemed suitable, children received little attention, often going completely ignored in an attempt to discourage crying. When a male child turned five, they began learning to fight. He was removed from his home to live in military barracks with other boys where he learned to fight and use weaponry. The boys were taught to read and write and encouraged to participate in sports and learn traditional Spartan war songs during their free time. At the age of ten they were given tests to place them as soldiers; by twelve, they began learning to survive in the wilderness and participated in military drills. Spartan males were trained from their birth to be warriors with no room for failure so it comes as no surprise that their tough treatment carries on into puberty. They were often made to feel like drones, starved and encouraged to steal food, only being punished if caught. Female Spartans were recruited to mock and ridicule the starving warriors to toughen their skin. Though horrific to his, this treatment was envied by many neighboring groups, resulting in Spartan nannies often being hired for children outside of the culture. Punishment for Cowardice Spartans viewed cowardice as one of the absolute worst traits a person could possess. Due to this, the punishments for being a coward were extremely severe. Cowardly Spartans became social pariahs, with most being too ashamed to even share a meal with them. They also were left out of sporting events and had to give right of way to any other person passing them on the street and turn over their seats at events to younger men. Women refused to marry cowards and if the punished refused to obey the expectations of his assigned social status, he was beaten and abused until he submitted or proved himself to be brave. Some even were forced to dress foolishly, in clothes of stained cloth with half shaven beards to promote embarrassment. Spartan cowards could redeem themselves in many ways, the most common being perishing in battle while exhibiting courage and defending others. Almost all cowards were forgiven posthumously. Spartan Lovers 300 Vs 298 Spartan Battle Wear Helen of Sparta
Views: 1755915 All Things Human
Most Incredible JADE Discoveries Unearthed
From unbelievable masks wracked with mystery to axe and others jade-made tools, including one find in Papua New Guinea that is changing history as you watch! Here are The most incredible Jade Discoveries Ever Unearthed! #10 Mayan Lords Mask In 1952, after four years of clearing rubble, a Mexican archaeologist unearthed a tomb containing an ornate Jade mask. The tomb belonged to Lord Pakal, who over the years has went by many names, including: Sun Shield, 8 Ahau and Pacal the Great. But the findings of this tomb have sparked a great debate, because this incredible Jade mask and beautiful beads only tell us a lie. The man behind the mask is... not ACTUALLY lord Pakal. Many believe the remains belong to someone entirely different. The main reason for this debate is because the teeth of the remains place the deceased at only 40 years of age, when in fact Pakal is known for having ruled for nearly 70 years. That’s a pretty big discrepancy to ignore. There are many reasons tossed around as to why the remains would switched out, some claim vanity as the cause - legends portrayed Lord Pakal as a giant with unusual features, such as six fingers on each hand and a cone shaped skull. And others say he wasn’t Mayan at all. All we know for sure is that someone’s skeleton was behind this gorgeous green face, and it wasn’t the real king. It is believed that the masks features depict Lord Pakal fairly accurately, because it matched other paintings representing Pakal. Who knows what this mask can teach us about the great Mayan King? #9 Underwater Offering Discovered underwater in Veracruz, these peculiar artifacts are believed to have been some kind of ancient offering to gods. These objects, that are assumed to be from somewhere between 900 BCE and 400 BCE, were discovered in 2012 by divers taking part in the Arroyo Pesquero project. In ancient times, the Olmec civilization inhabited this region of Mexico. Other Olmec artifacts, such as giant stone heads, have been discovered nearby, but these recently discovered JADEITE objects are completely different. By the way stick around for number 3 to see another Jadeite discovery that is causing historians to question the so-called facts. As for these guys, it is unclear to researchers exactly what the shapes these objects were supposed to be. To some archaeologists, these artifacts appear to be an abstract representation of a corncob. The fact that these specimens are made of mottled jadeite also surprised scientists, since it is both rare and difficult to work with, since it’s harder than steel. Experts believe that the oddly shaped jadeite artifacts served as a symbol of power among the Olmec and were later taken to a sacred place to be used as offerings. The Olmec sacred place was the beautiful mixed world where freshwater meets saltwater. #8 Jade Axes These fascinating axe heads made of jade were discovered in Scotland, although it is widely believed that they originated elsewhere. Researchers have concluded that the axe heads were crafted in the Italian Alps and then brought to Scotland sometime around 4000 BCE. Archaeologists believe that they were created near high mountains because they were associated with the realm of the gods during the Neolithic period. Such axes were carefully made, it was both arduous and time consuming. Because of their high level of craftsmanship and that fact that they are polished to perfection it is predicted that they were used in rituals among the pioneering farming groups, which brought them to Scotland. Scientists are certain that axes also played an important role in the expansion of civilizations and were used to clear space in forests. However, it is more likely that axes made of less precious materials were used for such tasks. Other experts argue that jade axes were more likely used as status symbols, since the mineral is found far from the area where they were probably used. In fact it was more than just far, it took a lot of work, people had to climb up roughly 6 thousand meters to get the jade required to make these axes...that’s over a mile. Can you imagine making that effort for a tool you don’t even really need? #7 Funeral Discs #6 Imperial Seal #5 Luxurious Burial Suits #4 Shark Tooth Sun God Mask #3 Jade Tool From Papua New Guinea #2 Mysterious Seal of the Realm #1 Unbelievable Discovery in the Pyramid of the Sun
Views: 108226 All Things Human
9 Unbelievable Facts About Ancient Vikings
From unbelievable fire technology and medicine to viking kings, here are 9 facts about the norse sea fairing Vikings. 9. Horned Helmets Walk into any frat party near Halloween and you can expect to see at least one “Viking costume” constructed of fur lined armor and a double horned helmet. Though a traditional costume, it is likely entirely historically inaccurate on many levels. Most noticeably: Vikings did not wear horned helmets. All helmets found from the time period they existed in are entirely horn free; instead, this odd belief actually probably came from depictions of Northern Europeans that existed far before the Vikings told by the ancient Greeks and Romans. These earlier groups wore horned helmets for ceremonial and religious reasons; the Greeks and Romans likely just lumped them together with the Vikings and combined their stories over time. 8. Nordic Fire Starter To survive the harsh Scandanavian winters, Vikings had to be able to build fires quickly and efficiently. Failing to spark flames meant no way to cook food or stay warm through the night; fire was quite literally a means of life or death in many instances. To help ensure their chances at success, the Vikings created a rather unique product to act as a fire starter. First, they would collect a fungus from tree bark called Touchwood. The bark was boiled for several days in urine then dry it and pound it into a felt like substance. This kindling would smolder and burn slowly, allowing them to quickly leave an area without snuffing their fire completely and acted as an accelerant due to its sodium nitrate levels. This simple -and gross- process simplified how Vikings set up camp and allowed them to move much more quickly, claiming lands at a faster rate than ever before. 7. Viking Funerals Viking men lived almost their entire lives at sea. It comes as no surprise that they would bury their loved ones in boats. A superstitious group, Vikings held it to be a great honor to be mummified, dressed in finery, and placed upon a ship at sea upon death; it is said that some ships would even be lit on fire to signify the passing of the deceased. This sort of burial was reserved only for distinguished warriors and noble women and would often also include sending valuable goods and sacrificed slaves with the ship to help guide the honoree into the afterlife. 6. Good Hygiene When you imagine a Viking, you like expect him to be rather gubby and perhaps smell pretty rank. Contrary to popular belief, Vikings actually had excellent hygiene practices for their time! Archaeologists have found razors, combs, tweezers, and ear cleaning devices during excavations. Vikings also bathed more frequently than other groups of the time. A stranger quirk, Vikings loved blonde hair and would occasionally wash their hair and beards with a strong soap made of lye to lighten it. The lye soap also did a health service in keeping lice and other issues at bay. When compared to other civilizations, the Vikings were both cleaner and much more well groomed than almost everyone else. 5. Religion Vikings worshipped many different gods and goddesses as part of the Pagan religion. The Vikings believed their gods to live in Asgard, a land of comfort that connected to Earth by a rainbow bridge. The gods and goddesses of Viking lore were turbulent beings and were commonly fighting, marrying, having children, committing adultery, and otherwise living very much like humans on Earth. The chief god, Odin, had two sons, Thor and Loki. Thor was the god of Thunder and carried a powerful hammer into battle; Loki, on the other hand, was a trickster and would cause chaos with the humans frequently. A sibling rivalry existed between the two and battles were common. The other gods also partook in competitions, always trying to prove their powers and abilities. 4. Viking Recipes Surprisingly, Vikings were well ahead of their time when it comes to culinary prowess. As seafaring people, Vikings often ate fish as a source of protein. They also grew vegetables such as peas, beans, and cabbage and grains like barley, rye, and oats. Cattle, pigs, goats, and fowl were often kept for their meat and hides. On top of their own form of domestic sustenance, the Vikings were amazing hunters and foragers, taking down such animals as bear, boar, and deer and bringing home wild nuts, fruits, and mushrooms to add to dishes. The Nordic Vikings picked up recipes from around the world and developed many flavorful dishes. They would use spices and salt to enhance flavors and berries to create sauces for meats. Fermented cabbage became a staple side dish or condiment and bread was often baked with honey and nuts as meal accents. The Vikings are often portrayed as savages but in reality, they were quite talented chefs and took care of themselves well. 3. Medicinal Attempts 2. A Viking King of England 1. Some Viking Still Exist Today
Views: 11818 All Things Human
Mysterious Things Discovered Frozen in Ice
From unbelievable prehistoric animals such as the woolly mammoth to actual treasure, here are the most mysterious things discovered frozen in ice! 5 Fish Lizards There is nothing quite like finding prehistoric marine reptiles essentially frozen in time, well thats whats happened at melting glacier in 2014 in southern chile. Four different species of the extinct ichthyosaurs were discovered, a total of 46 specimens were unearthed...or rather deiced. The name ichthyosaurs loosely translates from greek to mean “fish lizards”, a fitting name for this prehistoric beast. The animals had lived during the mesozoic era go back as far 90 to 245 million years ago. The theory behind this particular find is that the fish lizards were caught in a huge mudslide, killed and then became preserved in the sediments. As the glacier began to melt the specimens became exposed. One way to describe the way these guys look is that they are like giant dolphins of today. The have bodies like torpedos with long tooth filled snouts and the largest of the specimens found were more than 5 meters long, 16 feet! The beauty of finding them in ice, is just how well preserved they were, with some of their soft tissue still intact, heck one of the females contained an embryo. Other ichthyosaur discovers were very meger compared to this, finding only remnants of skeletons. Access to this incredible discovery was not a walk in the park researchers had to drive for five hours, hike for up to 12 hours to a camp and then hike another two hours just get to the frozen specimens, and of course the driving and hiking conditions were subpar to say the least, oh what people will do for science. 4 Tunic The beautiful mountains of Oppland, a county in Norway has unearthed some 2,000 artifacts. The area was once a major throughway for people during the iron, having thousands of people walking through with livestock every year. As I said a moment ago many artifacts have been found as the glaciers melt more and more each year. But in 2011 a very interesting find was made, a tunic. This tunic was dated to be as old as 390 CE or the iron age (common era for those that don’t know what CE is, this is the same as AD *wink*). Funny enough, the crumpled up tunic was covered in ancient horse poo as well. What makes this find an interesting one is what the piece of clothing tells us about textile manufacturing in that part of the world during the iron age. The wool tunic was quite well manufactured and gives a glimpse into the rarely found well preserved cold weather textiles of the iron age. 4 Seeds I don’t know about you but I have one heck of a time trying to keep a simple house plant alive, I mean who has time to water a plant?! Well could you imagine trying to take that several steps further and resurrect and species of plant? Well how about 32 thousand year old seeds? The seeds in question were found in ice (duh) tucked aways by a squirrel, don’t worry, it was an ice age squirrel. Along the Kolyma river in Siberia (here we go again with Siberia) Russian researchers found a swath frozen seeds that were 38 meters (124 feet) beneath the permafrost. My question is how they actually knew they were there?! Incredibly, the seeds were so well preserved that they were able to plant them and grow new plants which eventually flowered and produced new seeds, making this the oldest plant resurrection in human history. The new plants were genetically identical to the S. stenophylla flower but with differing flower shapes. 3 Treasure 2 Giant Virus 1 Woolly Mammoth
Views: 532750 All Things Human
Archaeological Discoveries of the Ancient Spartans
The Spartans were a warrior society in ancient Greece that conquered many of the surrounding kingdoms, even going so far as to take down Athens during the Peloponnesian War. They are often depicted as fearlessly loyal and ruthless fighters but, historically, they were quite the refined culture. Here are six interesting archaeological discoveries from the time of the Spartans. 6. The Lost Palace In early 2015, archaeologists discovered a ten room complex in Greece full of cultic objects and lost language texts that very well may be the long last Spartan palace of Mycenaean Sparta. The badly damaged building had been burned to the ground in the fourteenth century but still left behind a selection of incredible artifacts including bronze swords, a nautilus emblazoned seal, bits and pieces of ornate murals, and a cultic cup depicting a bull’s head. Several tablets written in a lost script that was the first form of Greek written language that was known as Linear B were also found in the rubble. 5. A Rare Fresco The story of Leda and Zeus is incredibly bizarre and, to those who exist in modern times, a bit elicit and disturbing. The tale paints Leda as the incredibly beautiful queen of Sparta. Her sheer beauty enamored the god, Zeus, who took the form of a swan to pursue her. When Leda procreated with her husband later that night, swan-Zeus also took part, impregnating the queen and causing her to produce two eggs, from which two sons and two daughters hatched, one of each from each of the fathers. The two daughters, Helen and Clytemnestra would go on to play vital roles in the history of Greece, with Helen’s doomed romance with the prince of Troy, Paris, sparking the Trojan war and Clytemnestra marrying the mycenaean king Agamemnon and subsequently murdering him some time later. 4. The Ancient Theater Built between 30 and 20 BC, the ancient theater of Sparta now sits as nothing more than a set of ruins embedded in the sun baked earth. Holding a capacity of up to sixteen thousand spectators, the massive theater was once the peaque of Spartan entertainment. It drew countless visitors and held many popular theatrical ventures year round. 3. The Tomb of Leonidas With the first excavation being carried out in 1892 by famed archaeologist Charles Waldstein, the Tomb of Leonidas was a significant find that happened by pure luck. Though it has not been officially confirmed, the tomb, which was once thought by Waldstein to have been nothing more than a temple before he began his investigation, is believed to have been the final resting place of Leonidas, the Spartan king who rallied an army of unified Greek warriors from numerous city states to fight back against Xerxes invading Persian army. 2. The Hippocratic School of Medicine Hippocrates of Kos is one of the most famed figures in all of Ancient Greece. The physician lived during the 4th and 5th centuries and is credited with forging medicine as a separate profession from philosophy and theurgy. Hippocrates was so thorough with his work that for the next two thousand years there was almost no progress made in the Greek medical field; there was simply no work to be improved upon until greater technologies became available. Hippocrates’s ideas are still used to this day through the Hippocratic Oath that doctors and other medical professionals take upon being approved to work in their chosen field; he was a man of great honor and professionalism, two qualities that are required of all medical professionals in the developed world. One of the great doctor’s greatest achievements was the formation of the Hippocratic School of Medicine, a school located on the island of Kos that helped to revolutionize the field within Greek culture and created a force of knowledgeable, well prepared doctors to work in the country. The medical school sparked other similar establishments to be built in other countries, improving the quality of medical care worldwide. 1. A 3500 Year Old Tomb In May of 2015, a pair of archaeologists rounded out several days of digging in a nearly constant onslaught of rain with an absolutely stunning find. While picking through the stones under a manmade shade, the duo soon noticed a well arranged rock rectangle. Removing a large slab of stone, one of the two noticed something flash in the sunlight. They had hit bronze! Sweeping the dust aside, the researchers uncovered what would be the first in a string of artifact recoveries from the site. Over the next six months, a team of archaeologists uncovered basins, weapons, and armor made of bronze along with gold and silver cups, hundreds of carnelian, amethyst, amber, and gold beads, hand carved stone seals, and a selection of golden rings.
Views: 32736 All Things Human
8 Most Advanced Ancient Technologies
From and ancient battery to unquenchable Greek fire, All Things Human presents 8 Most Advanced Ancient Technology! 8) Flexible Glass In 2012, the glass manufacturing giant Corning announced a new product called, “Willow Glass”. Incredibly heat resistant and flexible enough to be rolled into a cylinder, Willow Glass quickly became the top candidate for future solar panel production. Allegedly though, Corning is not the first to create such a product. Legend states that in Ancient Rome, a glassmaker presented Emperor Tiberius with a glass vessel. He requested the emperor give it back to him then proceeded to throw it onto the floor, where it did not break. The vessel was dented, but the glassmaker quickly hammered it back into its original shape, proudly displaying the seemingly indestructible product he had named, “vitrum glass”. Tiberius feared the glass would kill his bustling metalwork industry, so he order the glassmaker to be beheaded and the vessel destroyed. This story has been recounted three times, once by Petronius, who swore the story was truthful. The second time, Pliny the Elder recounted the same events but he did not know if the events really happened. A third tale by Dio Cassius morphed into fantasy, as he claimed the glassmaker shattered the vessel and then reassembled it to be whole once more with not even a single crack remaining. Though highly disputed, vitrum glass possibly did exist, meaning that the invention would have been around for centuries before Corning’s patent came into existence. 7) Heat Ray Archimedes of Syracuse was a Greek mathematician, physicist, engineer, inventor, and astronomer. Archimedes is regarded as one of the greatest mathematicians of all time and one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. He also allegedly built a functional heat ray. The tales claim that during the siege of Syracuse in 212 BC, Archimedes constructed a mounted glass disk to set Roman warships on fire. The disk gathered light from the sun, which was then directed to the ship, setting it ablaze. In 2004, the hit Discovery Channel show Mythbusters claimed the heat ray to be “busted”, as they could not replicate the claimed results. Many grew to believe the heat ray never existed until in 2005, MIT students succeeded in creating a functional weapon based on Archimedes design. During their initial development, 95% of the MIT students deemed the project a flop but still chose to work on the weapon. After development ended and several tests were found inconclusive, the crew decided to test once more on a wooden cut out of a ship. The test was successful as less than ten minutes after the sky grew clear of clouds, a flame began to spread across the mock ship. Before the Mythbusters crew or the MIT students began their attempts, in 2001 the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) unveiled their own heat ray that operated using microwaves that, “penetrate a victim’s skin, heating it to 130 degrees fahrenheit, creating the sensation that one is on fire”. This attempt was also likely expired by Archimedes’ heat ray, giving an extra air of credibility to the claims. 6) Concrete Concrete is something we all often do not even think about in our day to day lives, despite it almost constantly being close by in buildings, sidewalks, and landscaping. It helps to give shape to almost every structure we come across and is so common that it often goes entirely ignored by the average person until repairs are required. Almost all Ancient Roman structures were built with a sort of concrete made by mixing limestone with volcanic rock to form a mortar that has proven to stand the test of time incredibly well. This mortar could even be mixed with volcanic tuff, a type of rock formed from volcanic ash, to create underwater structures. From the Pantheon to the Arch of Titus, ancient Roman structures have survived far better than those of other civilizations of the same time period. Roman concrete last much longer than even its modern counterpart, which must be replaced once it begins to crack and erode after a few years. 5) Seismograph 4) Greek Fire 3) Iron Pillar of Delhi 2)Ulfberht Swords: 1) Adam’s Bridge
Views: 7998 All Things Human
10 Mysterious Ancient Roman Archaeological Finds
From treasures you can’t imagine to bejeweled human remains, here are 10 of the greatest and most mysterious archaeological finds ever made in Ancient Rome. 10 “Mini Pompeii” Metro During the 2007 construction of the Line C Metro in Rome, workers accidentally uncovered one of the most incredible archaeological finds of all time: a partially intact ancient home. Archaeologist Gilberto Pagani was absolutely blown away by the house, which was found roughly 40 feet underground, he dubbed it the “mini pompeii” due to its preservation method. The home caught on fire some 1800 years ago, causing the ceiling to collapse. The falling ceiling sealed the home, preserving everything inside, giving us a glimpse of everyday second century Roman life. Complete with incredible mosaics and marble floors, Pagani’s crew even discovered a large dog’s skeleton inside, well preserved in the rubble, and many intact structural beams. The find has actually since been used to create more accurate models of Roman homes and structures, giving us an even clearer picture of ancestral Roman life. Whats really incredible is that the home will be carefully removed for preservation and restoration, and then put back to be used as part of the metro station, it will certainly be one the most beautiful and historical metro stops in the world. 9 Ara Pacis The Ara Pacis is a monument in Rome built to commemorate the peaceful and successful reign of Augustus, the first true Emperor of the Roman Republic. Rediscovered in 1568, when the first fragments of the great monument emerged, the Ara Pacis was not restored until much later in the 1930s when Benito Mussolini ordered the project to begin. The monument was made entirely of hand carved marble and depicted the lineage of Augustus’ family alongside scenes of mythology. Inside of the construction was a sacrificial altar where blood sacrifices and burnt offerings were sent to the gods. The fragments have been kept in museum safekeeping since then with a highly controversial architectural piece done by the firm of Richard Meier taking the place of the original monument. 8 A Mosaic in England During a 2015 dig in Boxford, England, a stunning, massive mosaic was uncovered amid rubble. Depicting numerous scenes, including Hercules during his trials and Bellerophon fighting a Chimera, the obviously Roman work was thought to be a hoax due to its odd location until testing revealed it to be over one thousand years old and of certain Roman creation. Rome invaded Britain in 43 AD, so the piece was likely commissioned during that time and eventually lost. Incredibly, the work survived over ten centuries buried in Boxford, unnoticed and undisturbed, a testament to the Roman influence spread around the globe. 7 Corinth In the time before planes, controlling seaports meant having power and prosperity. These good tides also brought attention from the rest of the world, putting nations at greater risk of invasions. Corinth, a Greek city, held two seaports, making it a highly sought after landmass. It was leveled in a hostile Roman takeover in 146 BCE and rebuilt with as part of the Roman Empire. In 44 BCE, Caesar reclaimed the ports as Greek property, which has remained Corinth ever since. Over time, the port of Lechaion became weighted down and crumbled into the sea, at which point it was presumed lost forever. Recently, though, a dive team discovered the sunken remains of the land and were shocked to find that the architecture and advancements of the area were not Greek, but instead Roman. The Greeks retained the Roman work, allowing the innovations of the empire to spread as visitors came to do business with the Greeks. 6 Copper Factory In 2008, researchers discovered an entire factory’s remmanents buried beneath the dust. Dated to around the sixth century, this factory was used to smelt copper, one of Rome’s most important resources for coin making, architecture, and the historically incredible Roman plumbing system and aqueducts. Romans would melt down ores and pour the metal into specialized molds to create pipes, individual coins, and other pieces. The craftsmen of such work would toil in extremely hot environments and had to be extremely cautious in their work to prevent serious burns from the molten metal and hot tools. Many aspects of their smelting process was recovered within this excavation, giving us a little more insight in the system the Romans used which was ahead of its time . 5 Intact Military Barrack 4 Military Commander’s Home 3 Aqueduct 2 An Art Treasure Trove 1 The Bejeweled Martyr Skeletons
Views: 347517 All Things Human
9 Greastest Samurai Swords Ever Made
From the katana to the tachi, the legendary to the iunbelievably real, these are 8 of the greatest samurai swords to pass their blades through history. 8. Juzumaru: The Sword to Ward off Evil One of the five Tenga-Goken swords, juzumaru is a stunning tachi, a type of traditional Japanese samurai sword, created by master swordsmith A-o-e Tsu-net-sugu. Its name translates to “rosary”, just like the strands of beads used while praying. Legend states that when Priest Neechi-ren, a buddhist monk, created the Kuon-ji temple on Mount Minobu he was gifted juzumaru as a way to protect himself. The monk hung prayer beads on the hilt of the eighty one centimeter sword to ward off evil spirits, giving the sword its name. 7. Muramasa: The Demon Blade Sengo Muramasa was a highly skilled swordsmith who founded the Muramasa school, where he taught sword making, during the Muromachi period. Called Muramasa blades, the katanas made at Sengo’s institute were known for being almost impossibly sharp. Historically, Sengo Muramasa was known to be ill tempered, violent, and half mad, all traits which he passed on to his swords. Legend states that once drawn, a muramasa katana must draw blood before it can be returned to its scabbard, even if it means the wielder must injure themself. 6. Masamune: The gentle force. Often contrasted with the muramasa blades, masamune katanas carry a legend all their own. The master of Sengo Muramasa, Gorō Nyūdō Masamune was challenged by his protege to see who could create the superior blade. The contest required each swordsmith to hold the blades in a flowing river and see who’s creation could perform superiorly against the passing leaves, fish, and debris. Muramasa’s blade was wickedly sharp and sliced through everything that passed. 5. Dojigiri: The Ogre Slaying Sword Historically, ogres have been portrayed as a bit more fearsome, vile beast than the buffoonish, gassy Shrek would lead your to believe. As legend would have it, the Dojigiri Yasutsuna, an amazing eighty inch blade, came head to head with one of the most fearsome ogre kings in all of history: Shuten Doji of Mount Oe. With a massive red body, mismatched black and white legs, and a scowling head adorned with five horns, Shuten Doji terrorized the area around Mount Oe for decades if the legend is to be believed. 4. Mikazuki-munechika: The Fragile Sword With a name translating to “crescent moon” in reference to its stunning curvature, the Mikazuki-munechika is labelled as the most beautiful of the tenga goken blades. Forged around the tenth century, the Mikazuki-munechika is one of the oldest remaining swords and has survived in remarkable condition. Created by a skilled swordsmith named Sanjo Munechika, who lived in Yamashiro Province during the Ein period, the sword is a true showcase of the craftsmanship of the time. 3. Onimaru: The Protector of Dreams Considered a powerful protectant against evil spirits, Onimaru Kunitsuna is considered a treasure. Considered a perfect specimen of the Kamakura era, the sword curves sharply and narrows towards its tip; it also curves within its hilt for added support. One of the five tenga goken, the Onimaru’s hilt and case are wrapped in leather strings. Its name translates to “demon”, in reference to a legend which states the sword moved by itself to strike down a silver ogre statue that housed an oni, which is a demon from Japanese folklore. 2. Odenta: The Small(er) but Mighty One The last of the five tenga goken blades, the Odenta Mitsuyo is both shorter and wider than the typical katana blade. At only sixty six centimeters in length, it is easy to underestimate the strength of the Odenta blade. Held by Maeda Toshiie, lord of the Kaga domain, the blade was borrowed from the second shogun named Hidetada, easy as asking your neighbor for a cup of sugar. The lord’s daughter had just recovered from a nearly fatal illness during the time the sword was borrowed, so Hidetada bestowed the blade to Maeda as a gift to celebrate his daughters wellness. It became a treasured item of the household and was held in protective care for some time. 1.Daihannya: The Wise One A sword that changed hands many times, Daihannya’s name translates to, “the great perfection of wisdom”, a fitting title for such a well travelled blade. From the hands of it’s master swordsmith, Osafune Nagamitsu, to the 13th shogun Ashikaga Yoshiteru, to the warlord warlord Oda Nobunaga, Daihannya has been a fearsome instrument in history. The blade has a very distinct curvature and tempering pattern that was iconic of Nagamitsu, the founder of the Osafune School of swordsmiths. Official swords appraisers would send origami notes to swordsmiths to tell them how much their work was worth.
Views: 4192 All Things Human
Archaeological Proof of Ancient Alien Sightings
From mysterious and precise ancient Japanese figures to Mayan artifacts that will make us question whether there is someone else out there here is proof of Ancient Alien Sightings #9 Vimanas: Transportation of the Gods or Aliens? Descriptions of vimanas can be commonly found in ancient Indian texts, such as the Mahabharata poem from 4000 BC. Vimanas were depicted as fascinating ‘flying machines’ that gods used as transportation. The fact that objects in the sky are so often mentioned in Sanskrit texts is proof that the ancient people definitely did witness something flying over their heads. These beings could have very easily been aliens that the ancient Indians assumed to be gods. These sightings took place thousands of years before anyone seriously considered the possibility of traveling in the air. This explains why the Indians were so convinced that these creatures were gods. To them, gods were the only beings capable of flying and with a good reason to do so. However, the descriptions of these ‘sun chariots’ are accurate descriptions of flying saucers that are believed to have been used by extraterrestrials. The Mahabharata describes these ‘chariots’ as very advanced machines: speedy crafts that use fire and water and contains a wheel and numerous instruments and machines. Other types of vimanas were thought to resemble bright clouds. #8 10 000-Year-Old Alien Sighting 10 thousand years ago, when human civilizations were just developing, aliens may have already been paying us visits. Ancient depictions of aliens and UFOS were found on rock walls in India. Despite dating back nearly 10 thousand years, the aliens drawn are similar to how they are depicted in modern movies. Of course, humans are creative beings, as a researcher pointed out, and someone could have just imagined these shapes and drawn them on the rock, but that would be a very unlikely coincidence. Instead, NASA is continuing investigations in order to attempt to determine what caused the ancient humans to depict such objects in their artwork. While archaeologists are uncertain what the drawings were meant to be of, what is certain is the fact that they very closely resemble astronauts. The figures are depicted holding objects that appear to be weapons and some drawings show them wearing space suits. #7 Japanese Dogu Figurines The Jomon Period was a Neolithic era in modern day Japan and at the time the region had a much higher population density, compared to other pre-agricultural society. This was also a time when the Dogu figurines were created. These were clay objects of various sizes and were meant to be something between an animal and a human. Dogu figurines were produced in Japan for thousands of years and have recently gotten a large amount of attention from scientists. It is still unclear to researchers what the Dogus’ function was. In addition, they look like aliens, and this is also how the Dogu are represented in the Dokioki video game. The Dogu resemble modern representations of aliens, so it is possible that the ancient inhabitants of Japan witnessed something in the sky that gave them an idea for the figurines. As for what the Dogu were used for, experts believe that they may have had various functions. Many of the Dogu were found broken, so it is assumed that they were everyday objects, perhaps even kids’ toys. Others were more important to the Japanese and have been found near burial pits. #6 Electric Light in Ancient Egypt? While no physical evidence of the existence of light bulbs in Egypt has been found, they have been depicted in drawings. Experts studying Ancient Egypt have found not one, but several drawings depicting objects that resemble light bulbs. The electric lightbulb was only invented in the 1800’s and the Ancient Egyptians didn’t have access to such advanced technology, so how did they do it? It could be that something or someone from above provided the Egyptians with this knowledge. Ancient Egyptians used snakes to represent wisdom and god-like knowledge. There is a snake outline in each ancient light bulb depiction, so this could have been how the Egyptians depicted the source of this new technology. What this proves is that the Egyptians had an extraterrestrial visitor that shared knowledge and perhaps even technology with them. Then they used their newly acquired skills in their daytoday lives and and depicted the source of this knowledge in their artwork. #5 Helicopter Sighting in Ancient Egypt The first design for a machine that could be considered similar to a modern helicopter was created by Leonardo da Vinci in the 1480s. Or maybe that wasn’t really the case? Recent discoveries have left us wondering whether or not Ancient Egyptians were the ones responsible for coming up with the idea of a helicopter. #4 Phaistos Disk: an Ancient Message #3 Ancient Astronaut Egg #2 The Lolladoff Plate #1 Mayan Artifacts With Alien Faces
Views: 22550 All Things Human
Discoveries of Unbelievable CAVE Drawings
From Africa to Spain, Bulgaria to Argentina, cave drawings are bridging the gap between ancient peoples and ourselves. Here to bring them to you, are 8 of the most important and fascinating cave drawings ever discovered! 8. Magura Cave Located in northwestern Bulgaria, the Magura Cave is one of the most diverse collections of cave paintings in the world. With works dating to eras including the Epi-paleolithic, late Neolithic, Eneolithic, and the early Bronze Age, the Magura shows the progression of man through an extensive timeline. Made between eight and ten thousand years ago, the paintings depict major cultural milestones that occurred within the humans who lived in the cave during that 2,000 year span, including religious ceremonies, depictions of deities, and victorious hunts. One area of the cave, from during the Bronze Age, is believed to be a sort of early solar calendar. Guided tours are conducted regularly, though visitors aren’t allowed to get close to the actual paintings due to the medium of the art, bat guano, being incredibly fragile. Preservation efforts are extensive, as the Magura Cave is one of the most amazing peaks into the past we currently have access to. 7. Cueva de los Manos Spanish for “Cave of Hands”, the Cuevas de los Manos is an incredibly interesting example of cave painting that deviates from the normal expectation of animal and rough stick figure imagery. Last inhabited around 700 AD by the Tehuelche people, the cave’s walls are covered in hundreds of handprints. There are hunting images, religious works, and other scenes, but the main showcase is this awesome and extensive collection of hands. It’s mind boggling to think of the real human hands that these left behind images belonged to. It is believed the hands were stenciled onto the wall with the person placing their hand, primarily the left, against the wall and spraying pigment over, giving a negative effect. Several images of feet were also made using the same method. The other artwork gives researchers insight into the daily life of the Tehuelche people, supplying such information as their choice to hunt with bolas and an idea of their religious practices. 6. Font-de-Gaume On September 12, 1901, a schoolmaster named Denis Peyrony was walking through a cave, just like thousands before him have ventured through every year, when he noticed something amazing. Overlooked by tourists, the Font-de-Gaume cave was packed with incredibly detailed paintings. Located in Les Combarelles, France, the cave currently has over two hundred recorded paintings with more likely hiding within its walls. Dating to around 17000 BC during the Magdalenian period, the works include over 80 horses, 40 bison, and 20 mammoths. The most popular piece is a collection of five bison in a herd that was discovered in 1966 by scientists cleaning the walls of the cave. Countless visitors have explored the cave, as it remains open to the public despite its historical importance. Even the famous writer TS Eliot visited in 1919, when word of the amazing artwork began to spread globally. 5. Laas Geel Dating to somewhere between 9000 and 3000 BC, the paintings found in Laas Geel are some of the oldest ever discovered on the Horn of Africa. On the outskirts of Somalia, Laas Geel’s paintings carry the same distinctive Ethiopian-Arabian style as those of other neighboring Somali cave systems. Discovered in 2002 by a French team of researchers, the paintings of Laas Geel depict hunting expeditions, wildlife, and everyday goings on. The area is exquisitely preserved due to overhanging granite ledges and contains some of the most vivid, detailed pieces in all of Africa. Preservation efforts have been underway for over a decade to ensure these ancient pieces survive for generations to come. 4. Cosquer Cave 3. Cave of Altamira 2. Lascaux: 1. Bhimbetka rock shelters:
Views: 43103 All Things Human
Unbelievable Objects Discovered Inside TOMBS
If you enjoy this video, you should check out my other video Artifacts and Objects Made From Meteors here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FnIfh-wwX2M From the tomb of THE SILVER KING to little bits of outerspace scattered about those passing into the afterlife here are Unbelievable Objects Discovered Inside Tombs. #9 Thousand-Year-Old Perfume Fun fact: Ancient Egyptians smelled wonderful. They loved to use aromatic fragrances. However, the reasons they used them differed slightly from why we use perfumes nowadays. Egyptians associated fragrances with the gods and believed that nice scents would impact their health in positive ways, a form of ancient aromatherapy, if you will. The god Nefertum was considered to be the god of perfume as well as a healing god that aided with suffering through the use of different scents. Egyptian perfumes were usually applied to the skin as oil-based ointments, instead of being sprayed. Scents were used during the embalming process and perfume bottles were commonly placed in toombs. It is uncommonly known that ancient Egypt was a leader in the production of perfumes, and evidence of ancient recipes has been discovered in temples all over the country. Egypt also produced the most highly prized perfumes, such as Susinum (made with the fragrant lily of the nile, myrrh and cinnamon) and Cyprinum (made using a dash of henna, a pinch of cardamom, some cinnamon, myrrh and southernwood). And guess what? You may soon be able to smell like an ancient egyptian yourself! Researchers are currently attempting to recreate and bottle these ancient Egyptian perfumes. #8 A Goldsmith’s Treasure-filled Grave In addition to Ancient Egyptian royalty, noblemen were also buried in somewhat elaborate toombs. In this one, jewels, gold and treasures crowded the 8 meter deep burial chamber. Egyptologists believe that this toomb’s main occupant was the goldsmith Amenemhat, but they are also quite sure that he wasn’t alone. During the 18th dynasty, during the time of King Tut and Queen Nefertiti, this goldsmith was buried along with at least three others. These anonymous old bones are yet to be discovered. But just knowing they are somewhere down there excites researchers because now they know that if they continue excavating the tomb, they are almost definitely going to make even more fascinating discoveries. Not to mention, they’ve already had their hands full (literally, I think) of the trove of treasure down there. One statue unearthed in March of 2017 was thought to be the famous Pharaoh Ramses 2, but then turned out to be a quartzite statue of a god. Out of the 50 funerary cones that were unearthed, the majority belonged to other noblemen, possibly exposing scientists to information about a class of ancient egyptian society they still know little about. #7 King Tut’s Fan Well it’s pretty obvious looking at this, that the shape of fans has not changed much over the centuries. So what do we stand to learn from this artifact? According to Howard Carter, the Egyptologist who discovered King Tut’s tomb, objects like this provide us with a link to the ancient civilization. This fan is only one of the several that were found in Tut’s tomb when it was discovered in 1922. The fan was decorated with drawings that depict one of the boy king’s hobbies: ostrich hunting. Originally, the fan also had feathers on it, which no doubt came from an ostrich Tutankhamun himself killed. Being a king it is likely King Tut never actually had to touch this fan, that’s what servants are for, his personal fan-bearer would come to his aid every time he needed some cool air. With how hot Egypt is, a fan-bearer was actually a very important position in Ancient Egypt, and it’s widely believed that the fan bearers also acted as body-guards as well. #6 Psusennes I, the Silver King Although this discovery provided scientists with valuable research material, the Silver King did not get the attention he deserved because of WHEN his remains were discovered. The discovery was made in 1939 by an archaeologist, but overshadowed by the rapidly mounting world war 2. Psusennes was found at the dawn of the war sealed within a coffin of solid silver, hence the name ‘the Silver King.’ In ancient egypt, gold was thought to be the flesh of gods, but silver was even more - silver was the bones of the gods. #5 The Meteorite Dagger #4 Canopic Jars #3 Anubis Statue #2 One crowded Tomb #1 ‘Pillows’ Made From Wood and Stone
Views: 140083 All Things Human
Most Unbelievable Fossils Ever Unearthed
From the most well preserved primate ever discovered, to sea creatures of almost mythical proportions, here are the 10 Most Unbelievable Fossils ever unearthed! 10. The nodosaur (Nodosaur image source) 110 million years go, the nodosaur was an armoured plant-eating dinosaur and up until quite recently, we weren’t too sure of how it really looked. But now we do. Thanks to a startling discovery made in 2011, when an extremely well-preserved fossil was discovered in Western Canada. This wasn’t a scattered field of bones - THIS fossil was a snout-to-hips, intact, 2,500 pounds of dinosaur. So well preserved, some of it’s dinosaur skin is still covering its bumpy bones! Judging by the fossil, nodosaur looked something like a 3,000 pound armadillo on stilts with 20 inch spikes coming out it’s shoulders. According to researchers, this 18-foot long herbivore originally fossilized in one piece, but only the front half of the animal’s fossil was able to be recovered. Bummer. Careful work is being done at the Royal Tyrrell Museum (Alberta, Canada) to ready this enormous fossil for display to the public. 9. The Epic Battle (Battle image source ) Have you ever seen a drawing of dinosaurs battling, or perhaps a scene in a movie? It is probably a well-known fact that those images are products of their creators’ imaginative deductions based on reconstructed bits and pieces of dino. Some may even argue that dinosaur fights are completely fictitious. What do those skeptics have to say to this fossilized battle scene, then? Discovered in the Gobi desert in 1971, here we see a proto-cera-tops attempting to get the best of a velociraptor. Only there were no victors in this deadly battle. Both met their ends when a sand cliff collapsed and buried the struggling duo. 8. Prehistoric Love Making (Turtles image source ) Yes, you heard that right. Mating was so prominent in prehistory that there is even a preserved fossil of the act. These unfortunate turtles died of asphyxiation, before they even had a chance to finish. This fossil actually isn’t the only one of its nature, there have been others unearthed. For example, there exists a trilo-bite umm “orgie” and an aglao-phython’s fossilized ejaculation, the first ever to be recorded. Bet that scientist’s mom is proud! 7. Dinosaur Dung (dinosaur poo image source) As if prehistoric intimacy wasn’t enough, next up we have prehistoric feces. Ok, so maybe this won’t be your first choice if you were looking to buy yourself a dinosaur souvenir, but this unappealing piece of dung is actually of great value to scientists and researchers. Discovered in South California (USA), fossils like this one are referred to as “trace fossils”. This means that with their help scientists can figure out exactly what an extinct creature was eating millions of years ago. If you haven’t been totally disgusted by this discovery, wait until you see Ick-thee-a-sore-us vomit. 6. The Spider Attack (Spider attack image source) Spiders. You can hate them or fear them, but did you know that they existed in prehistoric times? There’s even fossilized evidence of their existence from around 100 million years ago. This is the only fossil discovered to date of a spider attacking its prey. Discovered in a Burmese mine, this fossil has been said to date back to the Early Cre-tay-ceous period. Well preserved in amber, this rare fossil not only depicts the prehistoric attack in great detail, but is weirdly quite stunning. 5. The Giant Ant (ant image source) What do you think when you think of ants? Probably you think of tiny creatures, barely the size of a bread crumb, constantly scurrying around. Well the prehistoric ant, discovered in 2011 in Wyoming, was anything but “tiny”. In fact, its size was nearly that of a modern hummingbird, about two inches in length. Imagine THAT at your picnic. This ant was the first complete fossil of its kind to be found in the West. Giant ant wing fossils have been discovered in the area before, but a full body fossil is something entirely new. A potential theory to explain their appearance in North America is that there may have been a land bridge between Europe and North America that existed during a rather warm period in the Earth’s history. It is still unclear to scientists whether Titanomyrma giant ants originated in Europe and then made their way to North America, or the other way around. Since these ants require a warm climate to thrive, they had to have lived during the early Eocene period (from 56 to 34 million years ago) in order to be able to survive in Europe and North America. 4. Giant Red Penguin 3. Most Complete Primate 2. Enormous Megalodon Jaw 1. The Martian Meteorite
Views: 71848 All Things Human
Most Incredible SPHINX Discoveries
From mythological rooms beneath the sphinx that turn out to be true, to a startling second sphinx still being searched for, these are 8 of the most incredible sphinx discovers ever made. 8. An Ignored Inscription In 1817, a researcher named Gianbattista Caviglia was studying Egypt’s most iconic of structures, the Sphinx. He, amazingly, uncovered a long hidden inscription on the left paw of the monument while cleaning away layers of dust. In thirteen lines of Greek text, the script documented the restoration of the Sphinx by the Roman Empire around 166 AD during the reign of Marcus Aurelius. Only, it documents it quite poetically. The first half of the text reads “This structure is the work of the immortal Gods. Placed so as to dominate the soil of this Land of harvest, Built in the center of a cavity from which they withdrew the sand, Like an island of stone in the vicinity of the pyramids.” This text introduces the idea that the Sphinx was a creation of the gods and is an incredible glimpse into the histories of two deeply intertwined cultures, the Egyptian and the Roman. Unfortunately, the script is no longer visible, since repeated restoration attempts on the landmark has all but erased them. Many researchers and Egyptologists wish to recreate the inscription, though to do so they would have to marr the monument so it’s looking unlikely that they will. Instead, there are just a handful of translations in existence to commemorate one of the most inconspicuously hidden texts of Ancient Egypt. 7. The Tomb of a God According to Spanish news source EFE, a group of Spanish-Italian researchers discovered a spine chilling realm to the supernatural beneath that same Sphinx. It happened in 2015, when researchers were exploring the channels of the Sphinx. Through one of the three passages inside the monument, they located a never before discovered recreation of the Tomb of Osiris, the Egyptian god of the dead. 6. The Sphinx’s Long Lost Mate Who knew there was so much still unknown about the Sphinx? Larger than life, the mythological beast seems to leap to life and is eternally shrouded in mystery. One piece of lore that still puzzles the modern world is that the Great Sphinx is, in fact, missing his mate. Ancient Arabic texts confirm that there were indeed two sphinxes, one male (that’s the great sphinx we all know and love) and one female, lost to time and damaged greatly by a flooding of the Nile. The Sphinx of Giza that we all know so well is actually an androsphinx, or male sphinx. When he was first discovered, a tablet of granite was found beside the sphinx, engraved with the story of Thutmose IV, who was told in a dream that if he cleared the sand from around the Sphinx, he would become ruler of Egypt. 5 A Single Piece While most large sculptures are made of multiple pieces of stone that were carved individually then melded together, the Sphinx, despite its massive size, is actually one amazing solid piece of stone. At around sixty six feet tall and over two hundred and forty feet long, the sphinx is mind bogglingly huge, making one wonder just how such a work could have been created from a singular piece of limestone. Of course, Ancient Egyptian rulers often utilized slaves to create tombs, altars, and monuments. 4. The Creator: Adding to the mystery of the sphinx, no one really knows who created the monument in the first place. The debate is split between two pharaohs, some believe it was ordered to be built by Khafre, dating it at 2,500 BCE and would explain why the features of the Sphinx match the likeness of this king. But then others aren’t so sure. It could have been Khafre’s father Pharaoh Khufu, who also built the pyramids of Giza. 3. Worn With Time Though it now matches the surrounding sand, the sphinx was once a vibrant, stunning sculpture. Flecks of paint have been found on the stone of the structure in hues of red, yellow, and blue. The creature’s eyes and headdress were once adorned with bright coloration as a supposed honor to the pharaoh of the time. 2. Shattered Sphinx During the most recent restoration attempt, the sphinx actually lost a large portion of its shoulder and headdress. In 1931, a group of engineers were tasked to fix the broken pieces and, though successful, they damaged the surrounding limestone. 1. The Cult of the Sphinx
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Secrets of Ancient Egypt Revealed
Ancient Egyptians had technology and ideology that we have only begun to learn about this century. But even today the mysteries and secrets of this culture are revealing themselves. From the pyramids to the clothes they wore, check out the secrets of ancient Egypt. 8 Hump day! Contrary to what you may think, camels were not a major source of transportation for ancient egyptians. There is a record of Egyptians riding camels in the early dynastic period which is around 3100 BCE, but even then it was until much later when Assyrians, Persians, and Alexander the Great had conquered egypt that camels were brought in to be used as transportation. As an example of how much later, Alexander the Great didn’t rule egypt until about 332 BCE, nearly 3 thousand years later. The main source of travel was actually on a donkey or boat, kind of makes sense, the Nile river runs right up the center of all their fertile land. The river itself flows from south to north and had great wind to sail back south again. The river was used to ship trade goods and to for day to day travel amongst egypt. 7 Dress code People don’t often give much thought to egyptian dress codes and especially their hairstyles. Well it was actually quite interesting. First of all, it was quite common for children to be mostly or completely naked until they were teenagers, the hot and dry climate certainly allowed for this, as they have pretty mild winters and hot summers. But could you imagine going your whole childhood without wearing clothes? Also the common folk of egypt typically wore their hair very long or in pigtails and it wasn’t uncommon for boys to have shaved heads with maybe one long braid, to prevent lice. The more wealthy citizens wore wigs, but the pharaoh! Well the pharaoh’s hair was never seen by pretty much anyone, which is why when we see ancient egyptian images we see the pharaoh wearing a Nemes, which was a cloth headdress. Fun Fact: The oldest dress known to be found in the world was actually found in egypt, it is believed to be over 5 thousand years old! (https://news.nationalgeographic.com/content/dam/news/2016/02/17/01oldestshirt.jpg) 6 Hieroglyphs? Mmm not so much It’s so common that we see hieroglyphic writing when we see Ancient egyptian...well...anything. But could you honestly imagine having to draw out each of those images all the time while trying to record something? There was a shorthand of hieroglyphs known as hieratic, and eventually an even more simplified version called demotic. These types of writing were used for everyday writing, whereas hieroglyphs were used for highly important writings, such as on the walls of tombs or in official recordings of royal achievements. Writing was only significant for the most elite within egypt, it’s been estimated that less than 10 percent of the ancient egyptian population were even literate. 5 The role of a Woman 4 What a Sphinx REALLY Was 3 Who Built The Pyramids? 2 Mummies huh? 1 Tombs huh? - Kitty Mummies
Views: 610841 All Things Human
10 Most Insane Sea Creatures Discovered
From ugly sea creatures that seem almost made up, to giant spiderlike creatures that are more than twice your size, here are the most insane sea creatures ever discovered. 10 Work smarter, not harder The poor misunderstood Blobfish was crowned World's ugliest animal in 2013. But actually, it could be one of the smartest creatures in the deep ocean. Because during its evolution, they gave up the concept of a swim bladder, the organ that fills with air to keep most fish floating, and instead developed their body (that has absolutely no muscles or bones, by the way) with a gel-like substance that has a lower density than the sea itself. Less dense, more float. This makes them bob around without having to complete the exhausting task of swimming. Sounds like a relaxed fish, right? Down at it’s normal depths of 2 to 4,000 feet below the surface, the weight the sea squeezes around their bodies from all angels, creating a fish that looks like...well...a fish. But put on their low density build in OUR atmosphere and they rock this particular "face melting off" look. Since they just float around until food gets in their way (mostly microscopic bacteria or invertebrates such as crabs), they don't exert energy while feeding. Since they don’t do much else other than float and feed, they don't really need to store much energy at all. This fact gets them into the "lazy" category of the sea creatures. This fantastic creature is believed to be in danger of extinction soon because it shares the same living area as crustaceans and they get usually caught in the big nets fisherman use to fish on the sea bottom. 9 Watch your step The Stargazer got its cool name because it actually has eyes on top of their large heads. They also have an upward-facing mouth. Basically they just have a face on the top of their head. This hide and seek master buries itself on the sand and leaps upward with an oceanic ninja move to ambush their prey (this guy likes invertebrates, too, and tiny submarine fish). She might look funny...but careful if you cross her path. Stargazers are extrmely venomous: they have two large spines situated above their pectoral fins filled with venom. Some species can also cause electric shocks. Need more nightmare material? Stargazers have a worm-like appendage that rises from their huge mouths to lure their prey close. Like something out of beetlejuice. 8 Underwater Red Light The Red Flashing Jellyfish is a pretty recent discovery, it was first spotted in 2005 by using a remote-controlled research robot, and there still isn't much information about it up to these days. That’s what’s so cool about the deep sea...it’s still relatively unexplored! What scientists discovered was a jellyfish with stinging tentacles that branch off of a central stalk and contain spots that produce blue-green light when immature and red light when mature. But the focus of the discovery was the red light, which is the first fluorescent red light to be found at their depth. Before this jelly was discovered, researchers thought most fish at this depth couldn’t even see red light. The red flashes are believed to be a method of attracting prey and drawing them close enough to be dinner. 7 Four Fins Better Than One This specimen goes all the way back to the Jurassic period, and fossils have been discovered in England, France, Germany and Russia. The Lio-pleur-odon was a reptile about 6 meters long, whose jaws alone are thought to have spanned the distance from the floor to the ceiling! Needless to say, it was one of the predators that dominated the food chain. The thing that made them special was not two, but four fins for swimming. They weren't specifically efficient for propulsion but they were incredibly productive with acceleration for hunting time. 6 The Sneaky Shadow Back to present day beasts. The Pacific Blackdragon is an ambush predator with a pitch-black body. As most of its prey are bioluminescent creatures, their bodies (even their stomachs) are coated with black tissue, this, is to block any light that the animals they eat might produce, so their lunch doesn’t cause them to glow from the inside out and make them more visible to others. It almost seems malicious how well thought out that it. But this obscure specimen has some light to share. They have a separate light organ that hangs down from their chin, used as a lure to attract prey toward their sharp toothy mouths. 5 Big Mouth Food Thief 4 Aquarium On The Inside 3 Disco Fashion is Back! 2 All You Can Eat 1 Arachnophobia meets the sea.
Views: 22737 All Things Human
Most Amazing Ancient Texts Ever Discovered
From unbelievable ancient medical texts to one of the first known christian documents ever found here are the Most Amazing Ancient Texts Ever Discovered. 8. Bian Que Medical Texts As China’s first known practicing physician, Bian Que has quite a spot in history. The famed practitioner is claimed to have been given a packet of medicine that allowed him to see through and into the human body, making diagnosing illnesses an absolute breeze. It has been written down that he did everything from pioneer pulse taking techniques to performing organ transplants successfully. In fact, one story claims he once visited a city where a prince had been killed and discovered he was actually in a coma; he saved the man’s life via acupuncture and was forever beloved in that city. 7. The Epic of Gilgamesh This find is incredible in that it may actually be the oldest piece of literature to ever be recovered. Dating back to ancient mesopotamia, several copies of the writing date back to the Third Dynasty of Ur, a time that is placed at around 2100 BC. A standard version, discovered in 1853 and created around 1300 BC, describes the story as one of loss. Gilgamesh, king of Uruk, was found to be oppressive and, as such, the gods sent down a man known as Enkidu to fight him and bring about peace and justice. Gilgamesh wins the contest of strength and becomes friends with his challenger, sending the unlikely pair on an adventure together where Enkidu would die after angering a goddess. 6. Erased Manuscripts In ancient times, paper could be quite expensive. Making it was not as simple as using a machine like today and a single sheet could take quite some time. Due to this, many users would scrub older, unneeded documents from the paper and reuse the sheets, losing many writings in the process in the name of frugality. In a break of sheer luck, monks working to modernize the world’s oldest monastery, the Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai located in Egypt, and post their thousands of Christian religious texts online, it was discovered that many of the scrolls had been reused. 5. Nag Hammadi Library Discovered in 1945, the Nag Hammadi Library is one of the most amazing archaeological discoveries ever made on complete accident. Two brothers from Egypt were digging for fertilizer near present day Hamra Dom when they uncovered an earthenware dish holding several papri documents. Seeking riches, the brothers tried to sell the writings and became embroiled in a feud, causing their mother to burn several of the documents. 4. Homer If you attended a high school in the United States, chances are you were required to scrutinize at least one of Homer’s works, be it the Iliad or Odyssey. Both are incredible examples of Greek epic writing and are beloved by literature nerds across the globe for their powerful storytelling and defining structure. You would think that since it is so popular and other writings from Greece share a similar scholarly merit there are copies of ancient Greek writings popping up regularly but this is not the case. Unfortunately, most Greek writings have long since decomposed due to the composition of the papyrus the authors had access to at the time. 3. Galen of Pergamon Galen of Pergamon was a pioneering ancient Greek physician who is believed to have created many standard medical practices that are used today. Born under the Roman empire during the 2nd century, Galen is one of the greatest medical minds of all time but was somehow pretty much lost to history. Most people do not know of his discoveries and advancements, partially due to the recycling of parchment in ancient Greek societies for economic reasons. In fact, researchers in California may have one of the only existing examples of the great physician’s impact in their hands at this very moment due to one incredibly lucky 2018 find. 2. Lost Languages Also known as the Sacred Monastery of the God-Trodden Mount Sinai, St Catherine’s Monastery is home to some of the most amazing, ancient pieces of literature one could ever hope to learn about. Among these books and fragments, there are many languages represented, mainly Greek and Latin. 1. The Kolbrin Bible A piece that is believed to be one of the first Christian/Judaic document in existence, the Kolbrin Bible is a bit of a controversial topic for many people. The document is beleived to contain details on human evolution and rationality and could have potentially have been written at the same time as the Old Testament with the general consensus putting it at around 3600 years old with the possibility of being quite a bit older.
Views: 1841 All Things Human
REAL Artifacts Proving Aliens Have Been to Earth
From alien coins to drawings of ancient astronauts, here are 10 Artifacts and Findings that just might prove aliens have walked among us... 10. The Baptism of Christ… by Aliens ?? This scene, painted by Aert de Gelder in the 17th century, depicts that baptism of Jesus. According to the Bible, Jesus saw the spirit of God above him as he resurfaced. It would appear that our artist here, depicted that spirit as a UFO. Theories exist that challenge Jesus’ earthly origins. Could it be that the son of god was in fact an extraterrestrial? It’s worth noting that the UFO is depicted in this painting in the same way that they have been drawn by witnesses and photographed later on in history. Makes you wonder how long ago aliens could have made their first contact with our planet... De Gelder wasn’t the first artist to reproduce this religious event in the form of a painting, but he was the first to depict God in the form of a flying saucer, as if Jesus had descended from it and was being welcomed by Earthlings. What’s more astonishing is that this work of art was painted even before the idea of flying was invented by humans. Just a thought... 9. Zhitkur/Kapustin Yar Base in Russia Ever heard of Area 51? The Zhitkur/ Kapustin Yar base is the Russian equivalent. This facility is hidden beneath a Russian rocket laboratory. Because all secret underground lairs are full of even more secrets - It’s also believed that alien spaceships, paraphernalia and even alien autopsies are kept and conducted here. The Russian government keeps this place heavily guarded, those without official permission are denied entry. The Zhitkur base doesn’t show up on maps, but it is believed that the government established a secret city nearby wherever it is to help supply those inside. 8. Is Mexico their Favorite? Many alien artifacts have been found in Mexico in recent history and are believed to date back thousands of years. Just back in January, a UFO sighting was reported in the country, the first of this year. And not too long after, archaeologists unearthed a mysterious map in a Mexican crater. And mysterious burning craters, with no signs of meteorite rubble? Could they be the landing sights of spaceships that took off before we could get there? The most recent hype is this 5 000 year-old sculpture unearthed in the country. Just like the Egyptian coins, the beings depicted on the sculpture look super similar to the way we typically believe aliens might look. This sculpture is believed to have belonged to Mexican farmers, or perhaps we should say “Aliens, disguised as Mexican farmers”, instead. 7. No Ancient Man was Capable of Drawing Lines that Straight Spotted in the Nazca desert in Peru, these lines stretch for miles and it is only possible to view the full image from the sky. These aren’t just any accidental lines; the drawing depicts different very exact geometric shapes, as well as animals, birds and fish. It is also believed by some that a few of the giant drawings are of extraterrestrial life and space men like astronauts. Maybe it’s just a product of people’s imaginations, but could ancient humans have created this art? It would seem like they simply lacked the means to do so. I mean, these drawings stretch over a total area of about 200 square miles, so without helicopters or planes (or spaceships) to see the image from way way above...it stands to reason that ancient peoples wouldn’t have been aware of the actual images depicted by the lines. The leading theory is that aliens were using these shapes and drawings to aid them with navigation, possibly with the aid of humans who may not have even known they were drawing an enormous map. 6. The Ancient “Egyptian” Pyramids Apart from the argument that the Egyptians simply didn’t have the technology required to construct such impressive structures at the time, there is a new theory claiming that the pyramids were built before the Ancient Egyptian civilization even existed. According to that theory, the pyramids were constructed around 12 500 years ago, prior to the existence of any civilized societies on the planet. It has also been discovered that the diagonals that extend from the pyramids on opposite sides of the Nile river could not have been planned by the Ancient Egyptians. In addition to this, the Great pyramid is lined up almost exactly with the magnetic North Pole. Now, how could such a ‘coincidence’ have been possible by a society who wasn’t even in the possession of a compass? 5. Aliens in Prehistoric Kimberly, Australia 4. The Vimanas in Indian Texts 3. Ancient ‘Astronaut’ Drawings in Valcamonica, Italy 2. Stonehenge 1 Alien Coins found in Egypt
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8 Archaeological Findings at Construction Sites
From a a remnant of the American Revolutionary war to a dinosaur discovery that was incredibly well preserved, and whats inside of THIS time capsule that is over 100 years old?! Well find out here with 8 Incredible Archaeological Discoveries Made at Construction Sites. 8. Coffins at a Swimming Pool Vincent Marcello, a resident of the French Quarter in New Orleans, Louisiana, expected that construction crews might be in for a bit of a shock when they began to dig the base for his inground swimming pool. Well versed in the history of his home state, Marcello knew that there may have been an actual cemetery under his home. Wary of disrespecting his untraditional tenants’ rest, Marcello requested an archaeologist come and dig in the yard first. A short time after arriving, archaeologist Ryan Gray’s shovel hit wood, revealing what would be the first of fifteen coffins recovered from what was once part of St. Peter’s Cemetery. The cemetery opened in 1723 and quickly began to fill up. Space was scarce and due to Louisiana’s climate, burials were difficult. The cemetery was filled by 1780 and eight years later a fire destroyed all of the church records, making the graves indistinguishable since many were unmarked. The bodies were sent to Baton Rouge for studying and Marcello continued to build his pool once given the all clear by the archaeological team. 7. An Explosive Find In early 2018, a police bomb squad was called to a location in Hong Kong after construction workers uncovered what appeared to be an explosive. Found in the business district of Wanchai, the massive one thousand pound bomb was the third to be dug up on the worksite. The bomb squad moved the massive piece of metal to a truck and transported it to a controlled location before defusing it. As researchers looked at the piece, it was discovered that the bomb was actually a World War II era weapon! It was likely dropped by airplanes during World War II on the then-British colony and miraculously did not explode upon impact. Researchers predict more finds will come as the construction crew moves further into the property. 6. An Entire Cemetery If you work construction for a long time, you will probably find some pretty weird stuff. An occasional skeleton or body is not uncommon at all, especially in areas that were not previously developed or are incredibly old settlements. Still, one Texas construction crew was in for quite a shock when they uncovered almost one hundred complete sets of human remains. Archaeologists were puzzled as to where the bodies could have come from until DNA results came back and confirmed something incredibly depressing: the bodies had belonged to freed slaves who were forced to work in convict camps. Each body was buried in a simple wooden casket and were quite malnourished and ill at the time of death; it is believed that the graves are over a century old, placing them before or around 1910. Bizarrely, this is not the first hidden cemetery found in Texas. Over a hundred are located across the state due to the markers deteriorating over time, causing the graves to simply be built on top of. 5. A Grenade In May of 2016, construction workers were terrified to find a grenade buried at their site. The crew was building a concrete wall when they noticed the explosive device and sent one man to call their boss, who instructed them to contact the police. Officers advised the workers not to disturb the device and to leave the area; a bomb squad was called and the grenade was found to be inactive. It is believed that the grenade was used for training and managed to somehow be buried at the top of the hill adjacent to the buildsite. Due to weather, the grenade rolled down the hill after becoming unearthed and ended up in the ditch next to where the workers were building the wall. The grenade was disposed of by a trained crew and the workers returned to work and finished the wall. 4. Apple’s 15th Century Ruins 3. Remnants of the American Revolution: 2. A Time Capsule 1. Forty Three Dinosaur Eggs
Views: 4782 All Things Human
10 Secretly Hidden Artworks DISCOVERED
From the oldest known piece of art made by a human, to a painting that needs and x-ray to be seen or how about the last davinci painting that went missing for over 200 years?! Here are 10 Incredible Secret Artworks that have been discovered. 10- Mary Magdalene by Da Vinci Pay attention to your surroundings, any piece of art in sight? Although it’s highly unlikely, you could have a long lost artwork among your possessions, could you? But for some luckier folks like Fiona McLaren this is what happened in a farmhouse in Scotland, 2012. After decades in the family, Fiona decided to appraise a painting on the wall in order to get some extra cash, only to discover that the painting was in fact a 500-year old piece by the notorious painter Leonardo da Vinci, and it could be worth up to $150 million! Not bad for an extra cash, huh? Next time you go to a flea market, keep your eyes peeled! Stick around until the end, I still have some hidden da vinci painting for you! 9- Nazi Stolen Artwork One uncommonly talked about piece of world war two history is that the Nazis were responsible for the biggest art theft in history during the war: approximately 650,000 works were stolen from Europe, and for a long time, these works’s whereabouts remained unknown. In 2011 however, a man led the police to his apartment only to find that between his possessions in that dirty and messy flat were Picassos, Matisses, Chagalls, Klees and Munchs simply piled on top of each other. The police confiscated around 1500 works worth up to €1bn from the apartment! The art in this case were ‘found’ by the police, and it WAS ‘hidden’, but in plain sight in an apartment in the center of the bustling city Munich. It was common knowledge that Gurlitt (the flat’s owner) possessed looted goods, but it was not until an incident on the train that a judge issued a warrant allowing the police to search his place and find the hidden gems. 8- Long lost Rembrandt The Unconscious Patient This piece of art painted by Rembrandt 7- The Battle of Anghiari by Leonardo da Vinci A masterpiece by Da Vinci hidden behind a painting by Giorgio Vasari was discovered in 2012 in a Town Hall in Florence. Art historians say they have proof that the lost painting entitled The Battle of Anghiari is indeed hidden behind another artwork, and it has been hidden there for five centuries! The researchers drilled a cavity in the wall to retrieve samples of paint. This is meticulous work and technology can help a great deal. A sample of black material removed from the back wall was analyzed and compared to the pigment found in other paintings such as the Mona Lisa and St John the Baptist, and guess what? It matched! It only makes me wonder why someone would ever paint over a masterpice by Da Vinci, what are they, crazy? 6- Sunset-at-Montmajour Another story of a masterpiece hidden in the attic. This newly discovered painting by Vincent Van Gogh was created during the artist’s most prodigious period, hence its importance. Behind this finding, an interesting and confusing story: 5- Paleolithic-era Cave 4- Oldest Ever Artwork Found Now let’s move on a little further back in time, we are talking about 540 thousand years ago. This shell is believed to be the oldest piece of art in existence. The ancient work could be the oldest known geometric carving made by a human ancestor. This finding made by researchers in Indonesia shows us that our ancestors might be smarter than previously thought. They used stones as tools, and this discovery indicates that shells were also used with this purpose. The engraving on the shell is the most amazing part but unfortunately, “we can only present the facts” said the researcher Josephine Joordens, of Leiden University, “because we cannot say what went on inside the head of Homo erectus at that time”. Homo Erectus’ behaviour has been a mystery for a long time, and this finding only makes it more intriguing! 3- Michelangelo Chambers Sketches It is not everyday that you stumble in a Renaissance treasure, is it? This happened in 1975 when Paolo Dal Poggetto, then director of the Medici Chapels museum in Florence, was looking for a new way for tourists to exit the chambers. The director and his colleagues found a trapdoor behind a wardrobe near the New Sacristy and below the trapdoor, stone steps led to a small room filled with coal, nothing major so far. 2- The Hidden Portrait 1- Salvator Mundi
Views: 18952 All Things Human
Hidden Secrets in The Worlds Most Famous Paintings
From Van Gogh’s Starry Night, to Leonardo Davinci’s Mona Lisa, here are 9 Hidden Secrets Within the World’s Most Famous Paintings. 9. The Old Guitarist, by Pablo Picasso Painted in 1903, shortly after the suicide of one of his closest friends, this painting depicts a solitary old guitar player, sitting in a seemingly awkward position. Having lived in near poverty himself, Pablo Picasso sympathizes with the miseries of those less fortunate in his artwork. This appears to be a very simple painting at first sight, but should one examine it a bit more closely, a faded outline of a face becomes noticeable to the right of the guitarist’s head. Infrared scans and x-rays of the painting have revealed that Picasso originally meant to paint a scene with a woman nursing a baby instead. A possible explanation for this ‘hidden’ painting could be that the artist simply didn’t have sufficient funds to purchase new canvases and painted new inspirations on top of previous work. 8. The Persistence of Memory, by Salvador Dali “I used melting cheese as inspiration for the clocks”, Salvador Dali admitted on the rare occasion when he talked about his works. Of course, he could’ve have been just joking about it in his attempts to keep the painting as mysterious as possible. What we do know, however, is that this painting was created while the artist was hallucinating. Dali’s goal was to be able to create ‘hand-painted dream photographs’, and to do that he believed he needed to enter in self-induced psychotic hallucination states. He admitted that what he creates during these states of altered consciousness often frightens and surprises him. Perhaps, Salvador Dali isn’t capable of explaining the true intentions of his works, since they were influenced by his subconscious and dreams that he himself doesn’t fully understand. While the backstory of the clocks may never be known, the background landscape in the painting is believed to be Dali’s view from his family’s summer house in Catalonia. 7. The Starry Night, by Van Gogh Vincent van Gogh's painting 'Starry Night' is considered one of the most historic pieces of art ever created. The artist painted it just a year before his passing in 1889. But it was only in 2004 that scientists discovered an uncanny resemblance between the swirling patterns in the painting and observations captured by the Hubble Telescope about spiralling clouds of gas and dust around a distant star. Ever stopped to wonder about where Vincent van Gogh’s inspiration for the ‘Starry Night’ came from? The swirling stars painted in 1889, just one year before his death, have been interpreted as the swirling emotions, beauty, pain and hope. But in 2004, scientists looking at images captured by the Hubble Telescope discovered a startlingly close resemblance between Van Gogh’s swirls and those that clouds of gas and dust form around a distant star! While living in an asylum, Van Gogh had plenty of time to star gaze, and the Starry Night painting is based off the exact view from his asylum room window. With all that time to ponder the world beyond, scientist believed Van Gogh stumbled upon the complex concept of turbulence, which explains the whirlpools and eddies that form in clouds. It is also said that van Gogh was referencing the Book of Genesis, since he painted exactly eleven stars in the night sky, and a handful of other parallels to complex scientific theories have been spotted in his other works. 6. The Scream, by Edvard Munch Not a well-kept secret, this painting by Edvard Munch actually has several versions of it even a lithograph on stone, all done by the artist, trying out different materials and techniques. While this painting is now widely known by the name ‘the Scream’, its original title, intended by the creator, was actually ‘the Scream of Nature’, and is based off a phantasmagoric delusion the artist had off the water below a bridge he was crossing with his friends turning to fire while a scream pierced the world and tore through nature. The placement of the hands and hollowed cheeks have an uncanny similarity to the hand placement of mummies buried in the fetal position. Edvard Munch often painted with the blues, greens and purples of the Norwegian night sky. This painting reveals an homage to one of the most violent volcanic eruptions in history. The Krakatoa, a gray volcano in Indonesia, erupted in 1883 producing the strongest heard explosion ever recorded - 180 decibels and heard over 160 kilometers away. The event killed everyone within 20 kilometers and volcanic ashes rose into the atmosphere. 5. The Sistine Chapel Ceiling, painted by Michelangelo 4. Pope Paul III and his Grandsons, by Titian 3. The Arnolfini portrait, by Jan van Eyck 2. Rembrandt’s self portraits 1. The Mona Lisa, by Leonardo da Vinci
Views: 6528 All Things Human
Supplies to Survive a Zombie Apocalypse
Staying alive during a zombie apocalypse requires planning and skill. From zombie proof homes to katanas, here are ten essential zombie survival items. Things you need to survive a zombie apocalypse 10 - Duct Tape You can never go wrong with duct tape. It can patch clothing and jackets as well as be used for quick first aid. Also the list of things that you could create using only duct tape is astronomical, you can make everything from shoes and clothes to furniture and floatation devices using only duct tape. Which reminds me Duct tape is also waterproof, think of the possibilities! See number eight, duct tape cooould come in handy. 9 - Weaponry There are many potentially bad interactions that you could have with a zombie, so it is likely multiple forms of defense (or offense, depends how you look at it) will be necessary. This includes a close, mid and long range weapon. To start there is very little doubt that a knife is absolutely essential, it works as both a close range weapon and as a tool. Then as a mid and almost long range, you can’t go wrong with a katana, although if a katana isn’t readily available, a regular sword will do. Lastly, firearms, although useful and long range, they can be problematic. They require bullets, a lot of maintenance and accuracy is a must. So, I suggest sticking to sharp stabby things. 8 - Secure shelter After acquiring duct tape and a basic defense, you need a place you can call home. Having a safe place to sleep is very important, if you can’t rest you can’t fight zombies very well. If the zombies are incapable of going vertical, I recommend a sweet tree house, and if that is too difficult to come by Hammocks are a potential option, try getting onto the second floor of a house and demolish the stairs. If the zombies can climb, which sounds horrifying by the way, then a fortress is what you need. The best of the best would be a prison or prison like structure...which strangely enough may include a school. A lot of campuses in the United States were actually designed by the same people who design prisons. 7 -Water/Purifier Water is Essential. start by making sure you have a container for water. Nalgenes are probably the best, as they make bottles that are virtually indestructible. The next would be a purifying method for the H2O, if you can get your hands on a filter, awesome, if not, check out number 5! 6 - Compass As we all know, in any great zombie film or TV show, the humans always end up on the move. So it’s very important that we know what direction we are headed. A compass can be a life saver, but if you can’t get one, learn where the north star is, and remember, the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. 5 - Access to fire AAH yes, the thing that truly separates us from animals, Fire. From cooking to warmth, fire will be oh so necessary when the flesh eaters come chompin’. Fire can also be used to decontaminate water, so make sure you have access to it. Now you could use matches, but they can get wet or blow out easily, a lighter is a better choice, but you need fuel for that. I recommend having a flint and steel to make a spark. It may be a bit slow, but it works and it is very durable. 4 - Packable foods Canned foods last the longest, and are durable, but they are also heavy, if you are on the go, which you will most likely be if you don’t want your brains eaten, then lighter packable foods are necessary. The ideal would be freeze dried foods, made for camping or space travel, and different types of jerky. If prepackaged foods aren’t an option, then you had better learn what wild foods you can and cannot eat. 3 - Rope It isn’t something people often think about, but rope is an incredibly useful tool and could absolutely be the difference between life and having your brains slurped up. With a rope you can descend and ascend into safe and secure spaces, or you could use it to hide supplies in high up spaces. Rope could also be used to fix tools, or if in a pinch for first aid. 2 - Respirator We don’t know what this zombie apocalypse is all about. More than likely it’s a result of some sort of viral outbreak. So it probably isn’t a bad idea to get your hands on a respirator, this way you can breath fresh air while running from the walkers. 1 - Ready to Run bag This is hands down the most important and potentially life-saving thing you could have during a zombie attack. As we have seen countless times in zombie entertainment, zombies like to strike when we aren’t expecting it, so get a step ahead of them and make sure you are prepared to hoof-it at any moment! Usually a backpack is ideal. The bag should include some sort of weapon and basic tool, such as a knife, some sustenance, any easy to carry food will do, water, and dry clothing. With these basic provisions you should be all set to get outta dodge when those non-living chompers come for your organs!
Views: 1102 All Things Human
Most Increible Gold Discoveries
From a discovery of Roman gold that started with the search for a hammer to one of the largest golden nuggets ever found, here are some of the most amazing gold discoveries ever made. 7. Dog Walking Discovery: You know when you’re out for a walk and you happen upon a 5 dollar bill and feel like it’s your lucky day? Well...one couple in California got to know that feeling very very well. During the California Gold Rush in the 1800s, hundreds of people flocked to California in the hopes of striking it rich while panning and mining for gold. The area was known to be rich in gold and silver but due to an oversaturation of prospectors, the supply was quickly depleted. Robbers and thieves ran rampant, leading many to stash their wealth in unusual places for safe keeping. In 2013, an unidentified California couple were out walking their dog when they noticed an odd container sticking out of the ground. Upon examining the metal canister, they found it to be full of coins. 6. Tank Stash Fifty five year old Nick Mead owns over 150 military vehicles in Helmdon, Northants. His business, Tanks-A-Lot, allows everyday people the opportunity to drive tanks, armored cars, and other military grade means of transportation. As a collector, Mead regularly purchases new vehicles to restore and add to his collection with the help of his mechanic of choice, Todd Chamberlin. The two expected little more than a hard day’s work when they began restoring Mead’s newest purchase, a Russian T54/69 tank. While pulling back the diesel tank case, the two were shocked to find several twelve pound gold bars. The police confiscated the gold and at this time are holding on to it, as it is believed to have been looted during a campaign in Afghanistan, making its ownership, er, problematic. 5. Half Angel Coin Metal detecting has become quite a popular hobby in recent years, bringing the promise of potential wealth at any given moment. In 2017, metal detectorist Michelle Vall was partaking in her usual hobby just outside of Bosworth Field when she got, ding ding ding, a positive hit. After checking out her find, she realized that, incredibly, she had just uncovered one of the rarest coins in the world: a Half Angel Coin. These coins, minted during the brief reign of King Richard III, were almost entirely wiped out after his death during a battle on Bosworth Field. Only a select handful, including Vall’s coin, survived the battle and subsequent remodelling of the kingdom. 4. Nazi Gold In early 2017, a spokesperson for the Icelandic Environmental Agency told Fox News of a recent discovery made just outside of their shoreline: a sunken ship. Identified as the SS Minden, a German cargo ship sunk early on during World War II, has been at the bottom of the sea for decades, undisturbed right up until now. 3. Twelve Pound Nugget In 2013 in Australia, one of the largest gold nuggets found in modern times was unearthed in an absolute fluke by an amatuer prospector. The unidentified man believed he was digging up the hood of a car or some other large chunk of metal which he intended to scrap until he saw the familiar glint of gold. As he cleaned up the piece, he realized it was much larger than he initially thought, weighing in at a bit over twelve pounds. The massive gold nugget was only twenty three inches under the surface of the dirt, making it absolutely mind boggling that it took so long to be uncovered. 2. Hoxne Hoard Just outside of Suffolk in the winter of 1962, tenant farmer Peter Whatling asked his friend Eric Lawes for help finding his lost hammer. Lawes, yet another amatuer metal detectorist, began searching and accidentally uncovered several loose gold and silver coins, some jewelry, spoons, and other odd artifacts. Concerned, the two stopped searching the area and contacted the authorities to come search out the rest of the treasure. A team of archaeologists from the Suffolk Archaeological Unit came out the next day and began to dig up what would be the largest Roman treasure trove ever recovered in Britain. The treasure dated back to the fifth or sixth century and included close to fifteen thousand gold and silver coins and around two hundred other luxurious trinkets like jewelry, silverware, and art. The pieces are on permanent display around Britain and are valued at over three million US dollars currently. 1.Muisca Raft
Views: 4789 All Things Human
8 Greatest Ancient Weapons and Armor EVER
From armor made of animal parts to some of the earliest forms of hand held rocket launchers, here are some of the craziest, coolest, and oddest ancient weapons and armor researchers and archeologists EVER discovered 8 Haladie We are going to start off with the Haladie dagger. Looking like something from a scifi move this was a weapon of India’s ancient warrior class known as the Rajput Clans. These incredible weapons were used as both a slicing and stabbing blade. It took great skill and delicacy to use this weapon properly. Some of the Haladie were designed with a metal band on the handle, making it similar to the knuckle duster, some Haladies found had surraided blades making their cuts even more detrimental. This style of weapon is believed to be one of the first known triple-edged blades! 7 Fire Lance This chinese designed weapon was nothing to ignore, the fire lance! I could only imagine what an ancient enemy going to battle against a chinese regime would be thinking when they see a guy on the battlefield with a stick spewing flames and even projectiles...The fire lance is essentially what it sounds like, but it evolved...oh it evolved. It started as a simple bamboo tube packed with sand that was strapped to a spear, working as an early version of a flame thrower, but eventually it was upgraded from bamboo to metal and shrapnel and/or poison darts were added to give the hits a bit more umm zest! Can you imagine if this weapon had Greek fire to go with it, if you don’t know what Greek Fire is, check out my video 8 Most Advanced Ancient Technologies, which is in the description below. 6 Hook Swords Here is a sword design you would not expect to be as well crafted and useful as they appear. Every shape of this sword style is designed with practical purpose. First you start with the pointed blades at the butt of the handle for close range jabbing and stabbing. Next you see the well designed handle guards that protected the hands of the user but worked in the offensive. Lastly you move down to the end of the blade, now, you could dual wield the swords, with one in each hand or you can take the swords which were roughly 3-5 feet in length and hook the ends together to extend your reach to nearly 10 or so feet. Now I know what you’re thinking, that seems absurdly difficult, but in fact with proper training someone can wield these swords hooked together quite seemlessly. This style of sword was commonly used by Shaolin monks of northern China, and was not often, if ever, used on the battlefield by soldiers, they took immense training and skill. 5 Atlatl 4 Oddest Helmets You’ll Ever See 3 Kpinga 2 Nest of Bees This weapon is my personal favorite, The Nest of Bees, okay so this is another weapon of Chinese design, and it is similar to the fire lance described earlier, except this is a bit more like rocket propelled arrows. It starts with a hexagonal tube, filled with arrows, so when you see it from the front it has a beehive kind of look. Then each arrow has a little rocket or firework on the back, a wick is lit and BOOM all the arrows shoot out at once. Could you picture seeing a blanket of arrows coming at you are one time?! A bit more than 30 arrows could be launched from these guys at a time! Well, ancient Chinese Armies would launch thousands of these at one time to give a serious blow to the enemy. 1 Animal Part Armor Now here are a few finds that will really raise the eyebrows. In Omsk, Siberia in 2014 archaeologists unearthed armor that is estimated to be between 3500 and 3900 years old made entirely of bone. Why was is buried you may ask? Well some believe it was meant to be an offering to some kind of god. Turn away for this next one if you’re a fan of christmas, another Siberian suit of armor has also been found made from reindeer antlers, it’s thought to be about 2000 years old. But by far the coolest animal armors found are made from alligator and crocodile skin. Kinda has a ninja turtle look to it huh?
Views: 678241 All Things Human
Archaeological Discoveries of Ancient TOOLS
7. Clovis Butcher Tools The Clovis culture is an ancient civilization that likely settled in the Americas 13,000 to 13,500 years ago from Asia by crossing the Bering Land Bridge. These settlers were likely the first humans to move into the area and left behind few traces of their existence. Researchers from the University of Colorado at Boulder studied a selection of tools recovered from a site just outside of Boulder city limits and discovered an incredible insight into the life of the ancient American group: they butchered animals. Biochemical panels done on the tools turned up genetic material from camels and horses. Two other items tested positive for sheep and bear DNA. Dubbed the Maffey Cache, the collection of artifacts contains eighty three different pieces ranging from salad plate sized knives to unique double sided axes, all of which are amazingly complex and well formed for their time. Untouched for thousands of years, the pieces randomly resurfaced in a private yard, at which point the homeowners contacted archaeologists. The cache will be displayed once studies are complete. 6. Emirau Jade Typically, jade refers to two specific types of stone: jadeite jade and nephrite jade, each of which are comprised of a single mineral. Recently, researchers discovered a piece of jade unlike either of the two known types. The small artifact dates back almost 3500 years and was found on the Emirau Island in the Bismarck Archipelago. Researchers believe it was dropped off of one of the stilt houses and buried under the beach sand for years on end before its recovery. Shaped as a sort of dull weapon, the piece of jade contained mineral compounds that had previously only been found in one specific location within Mexico. The source is still unknown but it is believed to have come from a semi-nomadic ancient group that are ancestors of modern day Polynesians. Researchers are comparing the piece of jade to other pieces from various collections to hopefully figure out some sort of logic behind its existence. 5. Ancient Chinese Tools Scientists theorize that humans first began to form civilizations in Africa. The oldest remnants of semi-structured society have been found within the continent, giving their claims weight. Cue amazement when a team of archaeologists discovered a set of stone tools that are estimated to be around 2.1 million years old in China. Before this find, it was believed that humans stayed within East Africa for much longer than the presence of the 96 tools suggests. Prior to this, the oldest known remains of human activity had been found in Georgia and was only 1.8 million years old. This discovery changes literally everything we currently know to be true about our ancestors and could blow open a new chapter in our understanding of human evolution. 4. Portable Tool Kit Modern toolkits are pretty easy to move around, for the most part. You can fit almost everything you need for basic repairs in a single container no larger than a briefcase. In ancient cultures, this was not exactly the case. In general, most tools were incredibly heavy and carved from stone, making them rather cumbersome to move from one village to the next, should you have to vacate suddenly. One would basically have to start over and create an entirely new set of tools if they had to move, a task that took a significant amount of time and effort. The Clovis people changed the tool using game by creating a sort of lightweight, portable kit. Over 15,000 years ago, the Clovis created the tools using a lightweight stone and made them smaller to be more easily moved from one home to the next. In a trove found in Texas, researchers found over 16,000 artifacts, including the first ever Clovis portable tool kit and a series of pieces from the tool making process. 3. Rope Maker In August of 2015, archaeologists on a dig in Hohle Fels Cave in southwestern Germany uncovered something previously unheard of. The item looks like absolutely nothing special; it in fact appears to be just a random piece of junk. At eight inches long, the piece was easy to overlook but the keen eyes of Professor Nicholas Conard and his team fortunately caught it. Featuring four semi-symmetrical, hand carved holes, the piece was likely used to braid pieces of rope. The team tested their theory by attempting to create rope with plants growing near the cave and were successful. The tool is estimated to be over forty thousand years old but was somehow in near perfect condition. Archaeologists have praised the significance of the find, as it gives an insight into the importance of rope in the ancient hunting and gathering society of the area. 2. Misplaced Embalming Tool 1. A toothpick:
Views: 6751 All Things Human
12 Best Robots in The World
Robotic and prosthetic technology is getting better all around the world, with robots being used for everything. These are the top 12 robots made by humans. 12 Lynx Here is a humanoid robot made from China. It is capable of linking to your Alexa, making him able to answer questions, read your emails and put on some tunes. The bot is also known for being able to accomplish simple tasks such as picking up dirty clothes and instructing you on virtually any yoga pose, nifty. 11 Asimo This is a pretty well-known humanoid robot, that has been considered the most powerful humanoid robot known, but other robots on this list are challenging that very idea. From dancing to speaking 4 languages, Asimo is a 4 foot tall look into the future and every so often Honda makes improvements upon the robot. Supposedly by the year 2020 Asimo will be able to assist tourists in Japan. Stick around for number 2 which is another humanoid robot that may be giving Asimo a Run for its money. 10 Insect Bots A military robot that only a mad scientist could think up, this bot is still in the development phase, but it is proving to have incredible potential. It requires power via a cable, but once it is fully developed it will be able to transmit video and audio while remaining unnoticed. There is also serious potential to use bogo bee as a supplement in crop pollination as the bee population dwindles. 9 Saffir This robot is designed by the US navy as a firefighting robot. It was made to spend its days on a ship, which is why it was designed to in a humanoid fashion, as there are a lot of obstacles such as ladders and entryways a bot with wheels may not be able to maneuver. This robot could prove to be a life-saver, considering that on a ship fires serve a much more severe danger than on land. 8 Guardian S This slithering robot designed by Sarcos is cute but it isn’t meant to be a plaything or pet, no, it’s designed to act as a security bot and to assist swat teams and bomb squads. It has incredible mobility and can get into tight spaces, acting as eyes for the user. To top it off the design allows for maximum durability, and it has an astonishing number of upgrade abilities, including navigation and sensors. 7 Kuri This cute little robot is meant to have a personality and according to reviews, it has just that. Like a roomba Kuri rolls around the house and can even develop a very detailed understanding of the terrain of your home. But this little bugger has eyes that adjust and appear to show emotion, and most importantly they work as cameras that can take video, remember faces and monitor the home when you’re out. What’s really wild is that Kuri speaks with beeps and boops and is meant so that as the user interacts with it more and more you learn its language, sort of like a pet that talks. 6 Moley This bot will give us the ability to eat a delicious restaurant quality meal without having to slice, dice or run the risk of burning yourself on the stove. The robot designed by Moley must first see how a dish is cooked before being able to make it itself, but there are talks of it being pre programmed to cook dishes prior to buying. 5 Double This odd looking robotic device allows the user to be where they need to be whenever they need to be there. It’s essentially a segway with a screen. 4 Deka This ingenius robotic arm is like something out of Terminator, giving amputees the ability to have use of a full arm and hand. It is incredibly dextrous, capable of picking up small objects with grace and giving the user the ability to drink from a cub comfortably, and you must admit, it looks pretty badass. 3 LGs Rolling bot This may be a game changer for home robots. Clearly inspired by the BB-8 droid of star wars, this bot is meant to make leaving the house less stressful, allowing you to check up on the house while on vacation, and pet mode on this bad boy uses a laser pointer to play with the kitty. 2 Pepper Pepper is a robot created by Softbank Robotics, based out of Tokyo and is heavily considered one of/if not THE first humanoid robots specifically designed to benefit humankind in the household. Pepper can perform basic tasks, play games like cards with people and recently it was programmed to speak 20 different languages! Meant to be the newest member of your family, it can learn and grow, not physically of course, as it engages more. This little guy may be the true competitor for Honda’s Asimo, although not as mobile as Asimo, it can interact and converse with astonishing accuracy. 1 Ekso GT - Exoskeleton Made of titanium and aluminum, this product serves as legs for folks who can’t use their legs. The robotic legs are triggered by simple hip movements, giving users freedom to stroll where they please. This robot is a small look into the future of robotic technology and how it can change humankind forever.
Views: 16274 All Things Human
Greatest SWORD Discoveries of All Time
From an incredibly old Viking Sword to a sword discovery dubbing the new queen of Sweden here are 8 Of the Greatest Sword Discoveries of All Time... 8. Hrubieszów Bog Find At some point during the fourteenth century, a knight managed to lose his sword while travelling through the peat bogs outside of Hrubieszów, Poland. It is unknown if the knight perished in the same marsh where he lost his blade, as the search for his body is still underway. Despite this, we know quite a bit about him due to the detailing on his almost entirely intact piece. Two handled and over four feet long, the massive, rusted sword still somehow bears its maker’s brand, an insignia that showcases an isosceles cross inside of a heraldic shield. The sword weighs just over three pounds. Researchers are searching the area further in hopes of discovering more about the knight and what exactly happened to make him lose his blade. 7. The Sword of Mercy Part of the crown jewels of the United Kingdom, the Sword of Mercy, also known as Curtana, is one of five ceremonial swords used in British coronations. The end of the sword is blunted to symbolize a life being spared. The exact reason that the sword was blunted is not clear, though lore dictates that the tip was chopped off by an angel in an attempt to spare the life of an innocent man. Originally, the neatly squared off tip was quite jagged, as if it had snapped somehow, though now it is blunt due to usage. The exact date of the sword’s creation is unknown but it is believed to have been smithed earlier than 1159. A popular theory as to its source is that it was actually the sword of Tristram due to it being broken in a similar fashion to what would have happened when Tristan pierced the skull of an enemy in the battle of Morholt, damaging the blade. Researchers are hopeful that they will be able to conclusively date the weapon. 6. Anime Sword: If you are an anime lover, you have probably heard of Rurouni Kenshin, a tale that follows an assassin. Within the show there is a sword called sakabato that is supposed to be even more deadly than a traditional Japanese sword. In October of 2013, a family discovered a real sakabato while sifting through a bunch of stored items. Formally called a kogatana, the short blade was only eleven inches in length and thoroughly covered in rust. There are historically no mentions of such a blade being used which has puzzled researchers since its discovery. The dragon engraved blade has been turned over to a collective museum to be studied further. 5. 1200 Year Old Norwegian Find Outdoorsman Gøran Olsen was hiking near Haukelifjell, Norway during the summer of 2012 when he stumbled upon would would become one of the most fascinating sword discoveries of all time. As he walked, he noticed a sword simply sitting in the midst of some rocks just off of the trail. As one does, he simply picked up the rusted hunk of metal and took it home to hang on his wall. It remained in his home as a decor piece for around three years before Olsen decided to contact authorities, who surveyed the sword to be around 1,200 years old and of Viking sourcing. Swords of such a quality were very expensive and difficult to make during the period of its creation, suggesting that it belonged to someone of high social standing. All free norsemen were required to own weaponry but most carried more easily made spears or axes; swords required specialized creative steps that were out of the price range of most. The sword has since been submitted to the Bergen Museum where it is being studied further and displayed. 4. Robert Gould Shaw’s Sword Union Colonel Robert Gould Shaw lead the 54th Massachusetts against Fort Wagner in Charleston Harbor. Unfortunately, the assault was doomed before it started and lead to the young colonel’s death. Lost along with his life was a gorgeous, custom made English sword he had received as a gift from his uncle just weeks before his demise. For years it was believed that his sword had simply been ruined and discarded or buried with his body in a mass grave but, in reality, the stunning piece of smithing had been sold to a confederate officer who took it to North Carolina. 3. Submerged For Five Centuries 2. A Hunter’s Lucky Break 1.The New Queen of Sweden?
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Most Amazing AMULETS Ever Found
From volcanoes spewing out history, to golden relics found underneath a pile of acorns, here are 9 of the most Curious and Amazing Amulets ever found #9 Mehrgarh Amulet At first glance this 6.000 years old copper item looks like an ordinary wheel-design amulet. At the time when it was discovered by famous French archaeologist Jean-François Jarrige at the Mehrgar Neolithic site in , Pakistan, it looked like just another regular old relic. Assumed to be a generic religious item, it was left at that. Meh, nothing much to see there. That is... until... the “second discovery” of the amulet revealed its true magnificence. French physicist Mathieu Thoury and his team conducted an experiment with the amulet by tracking how it emits light. Their conclusion was that amulet was molded in one single piece, a technique that was very innovative for the time. The technique used to make the amulet was called the lost wax casting. Mehrgarh’s craftsmen first made a copy of the amulet from wax, which was then encased in soft clay. That clay was then baked and the inner wax copy was melted away leaving an empty mold, like a relief carving. Pure cooper was then poured in mold and after it was cooled, the mold was broken away, leaving a single piece of copper. The Mehrgar Amulet is the oldest item ever to be discovered that’s been made using this technique. This technique, first used to make the Mehrgar Amulet, is still being used today — by NASA! to make small delicate parts for space bound shuttles. #8 Galilee Scarab Amulet When a group of 10th grade girls set out on a school field trip in June 2016 to archaeological sites in Galilee, Israel, I’m guessing they expected to have fun playing in the desert dust digging for artifacts. Whatever they expected, it definitely wasn’t to make an astonishing finding that would call the attention of archaeologists across the globe. Sepphoris is a site that has provided numerous findings from the Paleolithic to the Ottoman Period. As the students were helping experts at the excavation site, the girls stumbled upon a teeny tiny fingernail sized scarab amulet. It was a curiosity because, apparently, this kind of amulet is usually found snuggly inside a grave, not out in the open. Dr. Daphna Ben-Tor checked out the unconventional find and confirmed it - a 3,300 year old Egyptian scarab amulet from the Golden Age of ancient Egypt, during the reign of the great Pharaoh Ramses of the 19th Dynasty. #7 It’s Black and White Travel just a bit south to the lower portion of the Galilee, where a hiker stumbled upon a curious object on the beach in Israel. The Horns of Hattin beach is perched between two extinct volcanoes, making the beach a massive stretch of black basalt rocks. This round white object stuck out like a sore thumb to a hiker passing through. He scrambled to to it and pocketed the strange looking rock and took it to this video’s scarab amulet identifier extrordinaire — Dr. Daphna Ben-Tor. Clocking in at 3,500 years old, this scarab beetle-shaped amulet is thought to represent Pharaoh Thutmose the third, also known as the Napoleon of Egypt for capturing some 350 cities during his extremely long reign.Scarabs are such popular amulets in Ancient Egypt because they are symbols of the heavenly cycle, rebirth and regeneration — a super important theme for the Egyptians who held elaborate beliefs about the afterlife. The image of the scab beetle is infused with the circle of life idea for a reason: scarab beetles roll their dung into a ball for food, as well as lay their eggs in it to hatch. It’s weird, but poetic, I think. Also, if you flip the scarab amulet onto it’s back side, it totally looks like the Millenium Falcon. But maybe that’s just me!) #6 Yunatsite Golden Amulet No processed gold has ever been dated further back in history than the piece you see now. Calculated to be 6,500 years old, this golden bead amulet is the oldest piece so far found. And it was fittingly found in one of the oldest constantly inhabited settlements in the world — the Yunatsite village in southern Bulgaria. Inhabited for more than 7.000 years, the name of the village in Bulgarian means Heroes, and has suffered turbulent history. Several settlement sites around the village date back to the Copper Age. In 2017 this interesting golden anthropomorphic amulet, which means it has human characteristics, was found by a team of local archaeologists. It was dated to the 5th millennium B.C. The amulet was unearthed from underneath a pile of charred acorns, which scientists infer means that this culture, like many others, worshipped the oak tree as sacred. #5 Cyprus Palindrome Amulet #4 Arabic Blessing Amulet #3 Googly-Eyed God Amulet #2 Thor’s Hammer Amulet #1 Odin’s Skull Amulet
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