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The Forex market is very dynamic with a large number of participants. It is also well established in the market. As you might expect, a combination of popularity and time has led traders to countless strategies.
One of the biggest sources of confusion for newcomers to the currency market is the standard for quoting currencies. In this section, we will go over quotes and how they work in currency trading.
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When a currency is quoted, it is made related to a currency, so that the value of one is reflected through the other value. Therefore, if you are trying to determine the exchange rate between US $ (USD) and Japanese Yen (JPY), the foreign exchange quotes are as follows:
USD / JPY = 119.50
This is called a currency pair. The currency to the left of the slash is the basic currency, while the currency to the right is called the quotation or currency. The base currency (in this case the US dollar) is always one unit (in this case, US $ 1), and the quoted currency (in this case the Japanese Yen) is the single The base is equivalent to other currencies. Quotation means 1 USD = 119.50 JPY. In other words, US $ 1 can buy 119.50 yen. Foreign exchange quotes include currency abbreviations for the currencies in question.
Apply direct exchange rate against indirect currency dollars
There are two ways to quote a currency pair, directly or indirectly. A direct currency quotation is simply a currency pair in which the currency is quoted; While an indirect quotation, is a currency pair in which the local currency is the base currency. So, if you are looking at the Canadian dollar as the local currency and the US dollar as forex, a direct quotation would be USD / CAD, while indirect quotes are CAD / USD. Direct quotes change local currency, base, foreign currency, remain in one unit. In indirect quotes, on the other hand, foreign exchange fluctuates and the local currency is assigned in one unit.
For example, if Canada is the local currency, the direct quotation will be $ 1.18 / CAD and means $ 1 to buy $ 1.18. The indirect quotes for this will be inverse (1 / 1,18), 0.85 CAD / USD, meaning for C $ 1, you can buy US $ 0.85.
On the foreign exchange market, most currencies are traded against the US dollar, and the US dollar is usually the base currency in the currency pair. In these cases, it is called a live quotation. This applies to the USD / JPY currency pair, which represents a US $ 119.50 Japanese yen.
However, not all currencies have the US dollar as the basis. Monetary units - currencies previously associated with Britain, such as the pound, Australian and New Zealand dollars - were quoted in the form of a base currency against the dollar. America. The Euro, relatively new, is also cited in a similar way. In these cases, the US dollar is the currency of feedback and the exchange rate is called an indirect quotation. This is why EUR / USD is believed to be 1.25, for example because it means that a euro is equivalent to 1.25 US dollars.
Most foreign exchange rates are extracted to four decimal places excluding the JPY, quoted in two decimal places.
When a quotation is made without the US dollar being one of its components, this is called a cross currency. The most common cross currency pairs are EUR / GBP, EUR / CHF and EUR / JPY. These currency pairs widen the trading possibilities in the foreign exchange market, but it is important to note that they are not as follows (for example, not a positive trade) in pairs including the US dollar. But also called specialized. (For more on Cross Currency, see your Boss Currency Master Agreement.)
Bidding and Ask
As with most transactions in the financial markets, when you are trading a currency pair there is a bid price (buy) and ask price (sell). Again, they relate to the base currency. When buying a currency pair (lingering), the asking price refers to the amount paid to pay to buy a base currency or the amount by which the market will sell a base currency to Lien. Concerned about the currency being quoted.
Bid is used when selling a currency pair (will be short) and reflects how much of the cited currency will be earned when selling a base currency, or how much the market will pay for. Currency quotes related to monetary base.
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