The Tula Region is located in the center of the European portion of the Russia Federation, and on the Central Russian Uplands within the Steppe and Forest-steppe zones. It has borders with the Moscow Region in the north and north-east, with the Ryazan' Region in the east, with the Lipetsk Region in the south and south-west and with the Kaluga Region in the west and north-west. It occupies 25.7 thousand sq.m. (Which is 0,15 percent of the total area of Russia). The Tula Region stretches from the north to the south for 200 km and from the west to the east for 190 km.
The Tula Region possesses a well-developed transportation network for both cargo and passenger transportation. The region is crossed by strategically important highways of federal significance: Moscow - Crimea, Moscow - Don, Moscow - Caspian, Kaluga - Tula - Mikhaylov - Ryazan', Kaluga - Peremyshl' - Belyov - Oryol. As well, significant main railways connect the Tula Region with other Russian regions, the CIS and many other foreign countries.
The population of the region is 1,544,545 people as of January 1, 2012, of which 78.98% of its citizens reside in urban areas. According to the All-Russian census data of 2002, 95.2% of the populations ethnic composition are Russian. Educational levels of the population involved in economic activity are high. Over one-half of all employees (57.3%) have a professional education, including 18.4% with a post professional education.
The greatest share of industrial production in the region is occupied by chemical and metallurgical production, food industry, machine and equipment production, as well as military-industrial enterprises.
Land resources form the basis of natural wealth in the Tula Region. Some 75 % of land area is involved into agricultural use.
Forest area in the Tula Region is 386,000 hectares.
Forest reserves occupy 281,000 hectares, with 20 % in forest plantation.
Forest reserves also include the famous "Tula Abatis" occupying 55,800 hectares which is designated as a forest of scientific or historical importance. Available reserves allow annual harvesting of wood in the amount of 480,000 m3.
The region is also noted for the diversity of raw material resources: brown coal, sulphur pyrite, limestone, refractory clays, sands, plaster-stone, rock salt, phosphate rock. The region also possesses anomalies of precious metals and poly-metals, cadmium, copper, argentum, zinc, lead, barium and lithium suitable for commercial production.
A Favorable climate and natural ecological conditions compliment the rich historic and cultural aspects of the Tula Region, allowing a high potential to develop active forms of tourism. Rural, ecological and health tourism, hunting and fishing, regional event tourism, historical and ethnographic tourism, and pilgrimages to holy places all highlight economic potential.