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Imports, Exports, and Exchange Rates: Crash Course Economics #15
 
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What is a trade deficit? Well, it all has to do with imports and exports and, well, trade. This week Jacob and Adriene walk you through the basics of imports, exports, and exchange. So, you remember the specialization and trade thing, right? So, that leads to imports and exports. Economically, in the aggregate, this is usually a good thing. Globalization and free trade do tend to increase overall wealth. But not everybody wins. Crash Course is on Patreon! You can support us directly by signing up at http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Thanks to the following Patrons for their generous monthly contributions that help keep Crash Course free for everyone forever: Mark, Eric Kitchen, Jessica Wode, Jeffrey Thompson, Steve Marshall, Moritz Schmidt, Robert Kunz, Tim Curwick, Jason A Saslow, SR Foxley, Elliot Beter, Jacob Ash, Christian, Jan Schmid, Jirat, Christy Huddleston, Daniel Baulig, Chris Peters, Anna-Ester Volozh, Ian Dundore, Caleb Weeks -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support Crash Course on Patreon: http://patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 1061087 CrashCourse
Introduction to Foreign Exchange Markets
 
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Exchange rates are the "prices" of one country's currency expressed in terms of another country's currency.Exchange rates are determined through the market forces of supply and demand, just like prices for any good, service, or resource. This lesson will explore the different determinants of exchange rates, focusing on the markets for Swiss francs in Europe and the market for Euros in Switzerland. Want to learn more about economics, or just be ready for an upcoming quiz, test or end of year exam? Jason Welker is available for tutoring, IB internal assessment and extended essay support, and other services to support economics students and teachers. Learn more here! http://econclassroom.com/?page_id=5870
Views: 77136 Jason Welker
Exchange Across Capillaries
 
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Donate here: http://www.aklectures.com/donate.php Website video link: http://www.aklectures.com/lecture/exchange-across-capillaries Facebook link: https://www.facebook.com/aklectures Website link: http://www.aklectures.com
Views: 14330 AK LECTURES
What really forces currency markets and exchange rates to change?
 
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What moves currency markets? Why do exchange rates fluctuate, often dramatically? The Independent's Economics Editor Ben Chu explains all. Read the full story: https://ind.pn/2TuUK8p Like us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TheIndependentOnline Follow us on Twitter: https://twitter.com/Independent Follow us on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/the.independent Check out The Independent's website: https://www.independent.co.uk/
Views: 566 The Independent
Intl Economics - Chapter 12: Exchange Rate Determination
 
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Interest rates and inflation drive a currency’s exchange rate: when combined, both signify a country's relative level of economic health. Currency Exchange rates play a vital role for commercial trade activities. Because of that importance, exchange rates are the most watched, analyzed and governmentally manipulated economic measures. Currency Exchange Rates are also important at the business operations level: as they impact the real return of an investor's portfolio. We will discover some of the major forces behind exchange rate oscillations!
Views: 901 Dr. Bill Schlosser
Exchange Rates Unit:  Introduction and Overview
 
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Your IB Economics Course Companion! This is video 1 of 10 videos in “The Exchange Rate Series”. Watch the entire series right here: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLNI2Up0JUWkH_sdGVbD8ADVwIApVuVIMe As a teacher of IB Economics in Santiago, Chile, these videos were created to help Standard Level students navigate their way through their two-year course of study. I have made these videos public in the hope that they might be helpful to other economics students around the world. It is important to note that I use Jocelyn Blink and Ian Dorton's "IB Economics Course Companion" as the primary text in class. As a result, many of these videos use this text as source material. I have found it to be an excellent resource for students. Another source you may find helpful is Jason Welker’s site www.econclassroom.com. Welker’s site and course companions are excellent and have served as another source for these videos. Thank you Jocelyn, Ian, and Jason. I hope you find these videos helpful to your study of IB Economics and please let me know if you have any suggestions to improve them. Enjoy! Brad Cartwright . Follow on Twitter: IB Specific News and Analysis Daily! https://twitter.com/econ_ib . Follow on Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/econcoursecompanion/ Support Econ Course Companion: https://www.paypal.com/cgi-bin/webscr?cmd=_s-xclick&hosted_button_id=CQS377QG4VM4G&source=url
Views: 3868 Econ Course Companion
A level Business Revision - Exchange Rates
 
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An A level Business revision video focusing on the impact that fluctuating exchange rates have on the strategies pursued by businesses. Taking The Biz is a channel dedicated to A level Business revision. See more of our videos: http://www.youtube.com/c/TakingTheBiz Stay in touch with TakingTheBiz via social media: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/TakingTheBiz/ Twitter: https://twitter.com/TakingTheBiz Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/takingthebiz/
Views: 9863 TakingTheBiz
Exchange Rates 2:  Determination
 
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The market forces that affect nominal exchange rates. Includes a discussion of the PPP theory of exchange rate determination, the effects of export demand, and the theory of uncovered interest parity. This is the required, basic version of the video.
Views: 61 David Frankel
Killik Explains: What moves exchange rates?
 
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The Election result and Brexit are being blamed for the weak Pound. So in this short video Tim Bennett looks at the other big forces that determine a currency’s value.
Views: 1137 Killik & Co
3.7 38 The Economic Environment - Exchange Rates
 
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This video considers the opportunities and threats that occur as a result of fluctuating exchange rates.
Views: 585 Mr Evans Business
Exchange Rate System | External Sector | Indian Economy | ECONOMY GURU | NEO IAS
 
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INDIAN ECONOMY FOR PRELIMS IN 100 HOURS Video Link : https://youtu.be/NQgMFNCmwkA HOW TO PREPARE INDIAN ECONOMY FOR UPSC CSE PRELIMS 2018? https://youtu.be/A-acqr7u74A BITS ECONOMY Video Link : https://youtu.be/tJkAiJNtvF0 Economy Prelims Telegram Channel - https://goo.gl/DAo5zp To Know more about Economy Guru : https://goo.gl/zwrHiE Exchange Rate System of Indian Economy for CIVIL SERVICES EXAMINATION explained in the simplest way. NEO IAS e-learning classes is an online program which aims to create CIVIL SERVANTS for the development of the nation by providing the video series of complete topics that are relevant for the CIVIL SERVICES (IAS/IPS) Exam.
Views: 42973 NEO IAS
FIXED versus FLOATING exchange rates
 
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Countries can use different types of exchange rate systems... TWO common ones are fixed and floating exchange rates. Both are different. A floating exchange rate -- that's a "clean float". This means that market forces determine the value of the currency (based on demand and supply for the currency). A fixed exchange rate is where the central bank or government attempts to INTERVENE and change the value of the currency. It's quantity intervention, not price. Questions? Comments? Concerns? Leave them all in the comments. Thanks for watching, yo.
Views: 57 Alex Symonds
One year after China’s exchange rate reforms
 
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Last August, China took a big step to reform its exchange rate system, allowing for market forces to play a greater role in the yuan's daily value. One year on, how much has changed? Xu Sitao, Chief Economist from Deloitte China, and Nicholas Lardy, Anthony M. Solomon Senior Fellow at the Peterson Institute for International Economics, discuss the progress. Subscribe to us on Youtube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download for IOS: https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download for Android: https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/cctvnewschina Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTVNEWS Google+: https://plus.google.com/+CCTVNEWSbeijing Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Views: 669 CGTN
Forces of Filtration
 
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http://www.handwrittentutorials.com - This tutorial discusses the Forces of Filtration which occur in the Glomeruli of the kidneys. In particular, Starling's forces are discussed, namely Hydrostatic Pressure and Oncotic Pressure. To get the most out of this video, we suggest you watch the Renal Anatomy series before watching this tutorial. For more entirely FREE tutorials and their accompanying PDFs, visit http://www.handwrittentutorials.com
Views: 241747 Handwritten Tutorials
HOW TO CHANGE MONEY IN PRAGUE?! (Honest Guide)
 
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Where to change money in Prague? Map of great places here: https://honest.blog/honest-exchange-places/ Where to change money in Prague and what are the rules to follow to not get scammed? Ultimate honest guide to changing money in Prague. WE MADE A BOOK! About our love for the city of Prague, best beer places, cheap restaurants… get it here: https://honest.blog/shop/honest-guide-en/ Feel free to follow us on Instagram: Janek: https://instagram.com/janekrubes/ Honza: https://instagram.com/honzamikulka/ Check out our facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/HonestPragueGuide/ and let us know what would you like to see! Previous episode: 5 Reasons why not to visit the Czech Republic https://youtu.be/eKyunVpN34w Honest Prague Guide is your best guide for Prague :) We only show you what we as locals like and what we think you should see in Prague. There's a ton of cool things to do in Prague as well as cool places. We'll show you around :) And we hope you'll come and will visit the Czech Republic and will have an amazing time! Thank you for your support! Honza Mikulka & Janek Rubeš Prague Based Journalists #HonestGuide
Views: 436719 HONEST GUIDE
WORST SCAM IN PRAGUE!!! (Honest Guide)
 
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↓ ↓ PLEASE READ THE DESCRIPTION ↓ ↓ These people are stealing money from tourist and they're ruining our city. Please help us to get rid of them. Also thanks to anyone sharing the video. We really appreciate the help. Yes, it is extremely stupid to change money in the streets. If you need to change money in Prague, please watch this video: https://youtu.be/BHNzBvFXmf4 And definitely watch this one - Prague's worst tourist trap: https://youtu.be/eyK8dQH-Vh0 To avoid all these scammers... WE MADE A BOOK! About our love for the city of Prague, best beer places, cheap restaurants… get it here: https://honest.blog/shop/honest-guide-en/ Feel free to follow us at instagram: Janek: https://instagram.com/janekrubes/ Honza: https://instagram.com/honzamikulka/ Check out our facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/HonestPragueGuide/ and let us know what would you like to see! Honest Prague Guide is your best guide for Prague :) We only show you what we as locals like and what we think you should see in Prague. There's ton of cool things to do in Prague as well as cool places. We'll show you around :) And we hope you'll come and will visit Czech Republic and will have an amazing time! Thank you for your support! Honza Mikulka & Janek Rubeš Prague Based Journalists #HonestGuide #scam
Views: 6008155 HONEST GUIDE
Using reserves to stabilize currency | Foreign exchange and trade | Macroeconomics | Khan Academy
 
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How a central bank could use foreign currency reserves to keep its own currency from devaluing Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/forex-trade-topic/currency-reserves/v/speculative-attack-on-a-currency?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/economics-finance-domain/macroeconomics/forex-trade-topic/currency-reserves/v/accumulating-foreign-currency-reserves?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=macroeconomics Macroeconomics on Khan Academy: Topics covered in a traditional college level introductory macroeconomics course About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy's Macroeconomics channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCBytY7pnP0GAHB3C8vDeXvg Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Views: 108423 Khan Academy
Capillary Fluid Exchange
 
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Fluid leaves the capillaries due to hydrostatic pressure and returns via osmotic pressure.
Views: 169171 knowwhatuknow41
Exchange rate determination
 
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Explains how exchange rates are determined by demand and supply. Provides some examples of forces which can cause currency appreciation or depreciation
Views: 678 Tactic Publications
Floating exchange rates
 
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In this video you will learn about how floating exchange rates are determined. You'll also learn about the difference between currency depreciation and appreciation.
Views: 4527 EnhanceTuition
TYBCOM - Economics - Foreign Exchange Market - Introduction  Demo
 
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In this video we begin with the introduction of the foreign exchange market and how are the demand and supply forces.
Views: 2683 Graduate Guru
V- 96 Managed Floating Exchange Rate
 
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This video explains the concept of Managed Floating Exchange Rate.It is a system in which foreign exchange rate is determined by market forces but central bank intervenes to manage the value of currency. With the help of this video students can understand Managed Floating Exchange Rate System easily. #ManagedFloatingExchangeRate #ManagedFloatingExchangeRateSystem #EconomicsPoint V-95 Depreciation || Devaluation || Appreciation || Revaluation https://youtu.be/xxr_62SstTY V-94 Flexible Exchange Rate System https://youtu.be/2jGjeGmhrfU V-93 Foreign exchange || Foreign Exchange Rate || Fixed Exchange Rate https://youtu.be/afaw7-EJMds V- 92 Control of Credit https://youtu.be/G3ovQ6Q6i3Q V-91 Functions of Central Bank https://youtu.be/_7D0FikUTIw V- 90 Credit Creation by Commercial Banks https://youtu.be/a7mYRefO_Zw V-89 Functions of Commercial Banks https://youtu.be/BIZthn4lrHg V-88 Money Supply || Measures of Money Supply https://youtu.be/AFE0CxTuUws V-87 Functions of Money || Definition of Money https://youtu.be/vaa4RG7pSc0 V-86 Evolution of Money || Forms of Money https://youtu.be/UbTwN9L-OfE V-85 Barter System || Limitations of Barter System https://youtu.be/gMRoIREZSig V-84 Measures to correct Deficient Demand https://youtu.be/vVrbyfpZ1F4 V-83 Deficient Demand || Impact of Deficient Demand || Causes of Deficient Demand https://youtu.be/oTJbM2Qo-VM V-82 Measures to Correct Excess Demand https://youtu.be/InmaxzyqK44 V-81 Excess Demand || Impact of Excess Demand || Causes of Excess Demand https://youtu.be/nV03pvqmjF0 V-80 Numericals of Investmemt Multiplier https://youtu.be/qDc-IHziccg V-79 Investment Multiplier || Mechanism of Multiplier https://youtu.be/yJk0CDh0gT0 V-78 Full Employment || Frictional Unemployment || Structural Unemployment https://youtu.be/FImHxftaDGI V-77 Solved Numericals of Equilibrium level of Income https://youtu.be/ZFWw2nmkgLE V-76 Saving - Investment Approach https://youtu.be/7321Kv1LXpE V-75 Aggregate Demand - Aggregate Supply Approach https://youtu.be/5_ZOHl6CX9k V-74 Solved Numericals of Consumption Function & Saving Function https://youtu.be/nzo6qC8d8gw V-73 Derivation of Consumption Curve & Saving curve https://youtu.be/eO8YIs2uGEw V-72 Relationship between APC & APS || Relationship between MPC & MPS https://youtu.be/qdExdC8eyqc V-71 Average Propensity to Save || Marginal Propensity to Save https://youtu.be/Br5sp7stuAI V-70 Saving Function https://youtu.be/oC_R0z0ZmQk V-69 Average Propensity to Consume || Marginal Propensity to Consume https://youtu.be/qHXHtQaXi80 V-68 Consumption Function https://youtu.be/7FEfMMSNWvE V-67 Aggregate Supply || Components of Aggregate Supply https://youtu.be/7Wn11AuGmcw V-66 Aggregate Demand || Components of Aggregate Demand https://youtu.be/d6tqzGoT03w V-65 Numericals of Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/Oanxj-zhW8M V-64 Precautions of Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/JaGqFqUJLck V - 63 Expenditure Method https://youtu.be/5tAaqCngZLA V-62 Numericals of Income Method https://youtu.be/isJsJJVlLQk V - 61 Precautions of Income Method https://youtu.be/Sy7NZbZnBec V-60 Income Method https://youtu.be/lMj-U7l94-s V-59 Numericals of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/9cw0JLqcjaw V-58 Problem of Double Counting || Precautions of Value Added Method https://youtu.be/H53GAm7AnIU V-57 Value Added Method of National Income ||Product Method of National Income . https://youtu.be/4PPDOQfcITw V-56 GDP & Welfare || Green GDP https://youtu.be/pjPLPRJT2N0 V- 55 Nominal GDP || Real GDP || GDP Deflator https://youtu.be/_BLlYQJ1QdI V-54 National Disposable Income || Gross National Disposable Income | https://youtu.be/GnHwX3dHcww V- 53 Personal Income || Personal Disposable Income https://youtu.be/ewNv9yiSeOo V- 52 Private Income || Numericals of Private Income https://youtu.be/-4npiqjr76w V-51 Market Price|| Factor Cost|| National Income Aggregates https://youtu.be/cKqrR8TE_AQ V - 50 Domestic Territory || Normal Resident || GDP || GNP https://youtu.be/T41l2plxiIM V-49 Depreciation || Investment || Gross Investment || Net Investment https://youtu.be/giAgmYtnt8g V-48 Stock & Flow https://youtu.be/l2D3zGjlrkE V- 47 Circular flow of income https://youtu.be/XuhoW2eMTyY V-46 Final Goods || Intermediate Goods || Consumer Goods || Capital Goods https://youtu.be/QS-2xTBhj-M
Views: 382 Economics Point
Exchange Rates 2:  Determination (Optional Extended Version)
 
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The market forces that affect nominal exchange rates. Includes a discussion of the PPP theory of exchange rate determination, the effects of export demand, and the theory of uncovered interest parity. Relative to the basic version, this extended version also studies the effects, on the exchange rate, of increases in (a) the domestic interest rate and (b) the sovereign bond default risk. These applications, which begin at 12:20, are also covered in lecture. Only the basic version of the video is required.
Views: 13 David Frankel
Expert: RMB's depreciation is another step toward market-oriented exchange rate system
 
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China's central bank has announced a new way of managing the exchange rate to better reflect market forces. This has fueled rumors about government manipulation to bolster flagging export and a possible currency war. But experts say the depreciation of RMB is just temporary growing pains.
Views: 227 New China TV
China’s exchange rate policy over the past decade
 
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Ben Bernanke explains the recent changes in China’s exchange rate and economic policy and why they are positive for the country’s economy. https://www.brookings.edu/events/gaining-currency-the-rise-of-the-renminbi/ On September 23, the Global Economy and Development program at Brookings hosted the launch of “Gaining Currency: The Rise of the Renminbi,” featuring the book’s author, Brookings senior fellow Eswar Prasad. Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=BrookingsInstitution Follow Brookings on social media! Facebook: http://www.Facebook.com/Brookings Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/BrookingsInst Instagram: http://www.Instagram.com/brookingsinst LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/com/company/the-brookings-institution
Views: 1917 Brookings Institution
U.S. Treasury Secretary: China lives up to its exchange rate policy commitment
 
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U.S. Secretary of Treasury Jacob Lew said on Wednesday that China's current RMB exchange rate fluctuations reflect market forces, pointing to the G20 forums as important mechanism to foster global commitments. Market forces are now putting downward pressure on the RMB, and the U.S. needs to accept that, Lew said in the question and answer session at the G20 Hangzhou summit preview event held by the Brookings Institution.
Views: 94 New China TV
How is exchange rate calculated?
 
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How is exchange rate calculated? If a currency is free-floating, its exchange rate is allowed to vary against that of other currencies and is determined by the market forces of supply and demand. Exchange rates for such currencies are likely to change almost constantly as quoted on financial markets, mainly by banks, around the world. Reference: Exchange rate - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exchange_rate May 2, 2019
Views: 1 Education Q&A
HOW WE FIGHT AGAINST WORST TOURIST TRAP IN PRAGUE (Honest Guide)
 
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↓↓↓ PLEASE READ THE DESCRIPTION ↓↓↓ This is a story of the worst tourist trap in Prague - exchange place that claims to have 0 % commission but will actually take almost half of your money. This video is a follow up to a first video about this place we did, check it out here: https://youtu.be/eyK8dQH-Vh0 This video was shot a month later but we never edited it. The current rate is changed, for 1 EUR you should get 25 CZK {as of June 2018} (this exchange place would still give you 16 CZK, though. Their exchange rate hasn't changed for many years, no matter the situation on the market). Thank you so much for your support and follow our Facebook for more information about the event :) WE MADE A BOOK! About our love for the city of Prague, best beer places, cheap restaurants… get it here: https://honest.blog/shop/honest-guide-en/ Please subscribe to our new channel: https://www.youtube.com/c/HONESTVLOG Feel free to follow us on Instagram: Janek: https://instagram.com/janekrubes/ Honza: https://instagram.com/honzamikulka/ Check out our facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/HonestPragueGuide/ and let us know what would you like to see! Thank you once again for your support! Honza Mikulka & Janek Rubeš Prague Based Journalists #HonestGuide #scam
Views: 488451 HONEST GUIDE
Tehran Explodes In Rage At Exchange Rate, Regime Hold On Power Threatened..."Down With Dictator!"
 
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Tehran's expensive dollar rates are causing social unrest and one major act of protest happened a few hours ago at the Aladdin Mobile Market. Thousands of people merged at the market center after the dollar hit against 9,000 Tomans. Demonstrators chanted, "Down with dictator!" “Let go of Syria, think about us!” “Proud merchants, support us!” “We don’t want US dollars at 100,000 rials!” “Strike, Strike!”
Views: 263 Tsarizm.com
PRAGUE'S WORST TOURIST TRAP!!! (Honest Guide)
 
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↓ ↓ PLEASE READ THE DESCRIPTION ↓ ↓ For decades, this place has been offering the worst exchange rate in Prague, just 15 CZK for 1 EUR (the official rate is 27 CZK!!!). Nobody's doing anything about it..so we decided we're gonna do something about it. And YOU can help us! Please share this video, share this message, let's save as many people as possible. Thank you! Janek and Honza, your honest Prague guides. To warn about other scams... WE MADE A BOOK! About our love for the city of Prague, best beer places, cheap restaurants… get it here: https://honest.blog/shop/honest-guide-en/ Check out our episode WHERE TO EXCHANGE MONEY IN PRAGUE: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BHNzBvFXmf4 Previous episode: INTERNET IN PRAGUE - Have data in your phone while visiting https://youtu.be/wzUdjNnlCMI Feel free to follow us at instagram: Janek: https://instagram.com/janekrubes/ Honza: https://instagram.com/honzamikulka/ Check out our facebook page here: https://www.facebook.com/HonestPragueGuide/ and let us know what would you like to see! Thank you for your support! Honza Mikulka & Janek Rubeš Prague Based Journalists #HonestGuide
Views: 2698886 HONEST GUIDE
Introduction to Foreign Exchange Markets - Jason Welker
 
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Uploaded on 29 Feb 2012 Exchange rates are the "prices" of one country's currency expressed in terms of another country's currency.Exchange rates are determined through the market forces of supply and demand, just like prices for any good, service, or resource. This lesson will explore the different determinants of exchange rates, focusing on the markets for Swiss francs in Europe and the market for Euros in Switzerland. Examples of the various factors affecting exchange rates will be given, including: 1 - consumers' demand for foreign goods, 2 - relative interest rates between countries, 3 - relative inflation rates between countries, 4 - speculation among investors of future exchange rates, and 5 - relative income levels between countries
Views: 99 FLT Warwick
FOREIGN EXCHANGE ARITHMETIC | JAIIB/DB&F/CAIIB |
 
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Understanding Foreign Exchange Arithmetic Forces of demand and supply in the local interbank market drive the exchange rate. Direct and Indirect Quote A foreign exchange quotation can be either a direct quotation and or an indirect quotation, depending upon the home currency of the person concerned. For example, $ 1 = Rs. 67.00, means that one dollar can be exchanged for Rs. 67.00. Alternatively, we maypay Rs. 67.00 to buy one dollar. A direct quote is the home currency price of one unit of the foreign currency. Thus, in the aforesaid example, the quote$ 1 = Rs. 67.00 is a direct quote for an Indian national. An indirect quote is the foreign currency price of one unit of the home currency. The quote Re. 1 = $ 0.0149 is an indirect quote Basic Exchange Rate Arithmetic (a) Cross rate If a person wants to remit Euros from India, and as a banker, and for argument sake, rupees/Euros are not normally quoted and therefore, we have to first buy dollars against the rupees and the same dollars will be disposed off overseas to acquire the Euros. (b) Chain rule Calculation of the cross rate is based on a commonsense approach. However, it can be reduced to a rule known as the chain rule with similar steps. (c) Value date The value date is a date on which the exchange of currencies actually takes place. Based on this concept, we have the following types of exchange rates. (i) Cash/ready: It is the rate when an exchange of currencies takes place on the date of the deal. (ii) TOM: When the exchange of currencies takes place on the next working day, i.e. tomorrow it is called the TOM rate. (iii) SPOT: When the exchange of currencies takes place on the second working day after the date of the deal, it is called the spot rate. (iv) Forward rate: If the exchange of currencies takes place after a period of spot date, it is called the forward rate. Forward rates generally are expressed by indicating a premium/discount for the forward period. (v) Premium: When a currency is costlier in forward or say, for a future value date, it is said to be at a premium. In the case of the direct method of quotations, the premium is added to both the selling and buying rate. (vi) Discount: If currency is cheaper in the forward or for a future value date, it is said to be at a discount. In the case of a direct quotation, the discount is (deducted) subtracted from both the rates, i.e. buying and selling rates. The forward rates are quoted in terms of forward margins or forward differentials. For example: Spot Euro 1 = US$ 1.3180/90 1 month forward 35-32 2 month forward 72-70 3 month forward 110-107 It is understandable that if a currency is at a premium vis-a-vis another currency, the natural consequence is that the later will be at a discount vis-a-vis the former currency. In the above exchange rate quotations Euro is at a discount and hence US $ is at a premium. We can buy US $, one month forward at Euro 1 = US$ 1.3190 (-) 0.0032 = 1.3158 Similarly, we can sell Euro 1 = US$ 1.3180 (-) 0.0035 = 1.3145 If the rates in Mumbai market are US$ 1 = Rs. 66.8450/545 and rates in London market are US$ 1 = Euros 0.7587 we will get US$ 1 for Rs. 66.8545 and for one US$ we will get Euro 0.7587. Thus, we can form a sort of chain rule as under: 0.7587 Euro = US$ 1 Rs. 66.8545 = US$ 1 1 Euro = Rs. 66.8545 / 0.7587 1 Euro = Rs. 88.1172 If an export customer has a bill for £100,000, the bank has to purchase the £(Pound Sterling) from him and give an equivalent amount in rupees to the customer. Presuming the inter-bank market quotations for spot delivery are as follows: US$ 1 = Rs. 66.8450/545 The London market is quoting cable (STG/DLR) as £ 1 = US$ 1.9720/40 The bank has to sell £'s in the London market at US$ 1.9720, i.e. the market's buying rate for £ 1. The US dollars so obtained have to be disposed off in the local inter-bank market at US$ 1 = Rs. 66.8450 (market's buying rate) for US$. By chain rule, we get: £ 1 = 1.9720 x 66.8450 = Rs. 131.8183 The precaution which should be taken is that one should know who is the quoting party and who is facing the quote. The thumb rule of the market is that if you ask for a quote, the quoting party will give you a quote and it is for you to do the deal or not to do a deal on the prices quoted. You cannot dictate prices. However, you can ask for a fresh quote. THANKS FOR WATCHING......
Views: 162 Sahil Singh
PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates
 
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PPP (Purchasing Power Parity) Exchange Rates - A video that looks at PPP (purchasing power parity) with respect to exchange rates
Views: 205196 EconplusDal
Currency Exchange - Part 3
 
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This clip describes exchange rate risk - one of the forces behind the formation of the European common currency - along with brief descriptions of current policy to drive exports.
Views: 405 PlainSenseEconomics
Yuan exchange rate reforms to hit speculators
 
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China loosened its grip on the yuan-to-dollar exchange rate last Saturday, widening its daily trading band to two percent from one. The change went into effect on Monday. Analysts said the move will not only discourage speculation, but also hasten the internationalization process for the yuan.
Views: 244 New China TV
Currency pairs
 
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Each currency pair has its distinctive features. So, if you want to operate successfully on the forex market, you should know and understand driving forces that are able to influence currency rates fluctuations. This video tells about the most traded currency pairs. Watching the video, you will find out what events exert the most influence on currency rates movements, what you should fear about, and what you should use to gain good trading results.
Views: 2537 InstaForex
Intl Economics - Chapter 14: Exchange Rate Adjustments and the Balance-of-Payments
 
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We have explored how a nation’s Trade Balance enters a period of disequilibrium with corrections automatically instigated in the form of changes to domestic prices, interest rates, and destabilized income and employment levels. Some of the system’s auto-adjustments include economic recession, inflation, loss of jobs, and devalued income in the domestic economy. It works, but it also causes pain. There might be other ways to accomplish the stabilization goal, which may be less distressing. This chapter begins with a look at exchange-rate adjustments and the Balance of Payments. We will cover currency depreciation, or devaluation, affecting a nation’s trade position through its impact on relative prices, incomes, and purchasing power of monetary balances.
Views: 834 Dr. Bill Schlosser
Yuan's exchange rate to rise or fall 2% from daily peg
 
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Starting today, the daily trading range for the yuan is doubled, underlining the country's efforts to allow market to play a bigger role in its economy.
Views: 134 CGTN
Exchange Rate Still in Focus
 
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Follow us on TWITTER: http://twitter.com/cnforbiddennews Like us on FACEBOOK: http://www.facebook.com/chinaforbiddennews Next week U.S.-China strategic economic dialogue will be held in Washington D.C. and RMB exchange rate is still in the focus. Geithner, the U.S. Treasury Secretary hopes that RMB appreciation will accelerate. Scholars believe however, that the Chinese government will not let go of the RMB exchange rate. "US-China Strategic Economic Dialogue" led in its 3rd round by US Secretary of State and Geithner, and Chinese Vice Premier Wang Qishan, will work on issues of bilateral relations development. Geithner said recently that he would urge Chinese officials to implement a series of economic reforms, including introducing more flexible exchange rates driven by market forces, and improving U.S. companies investing environment. Geithner also said the focus of this talk will be the currency exchange rate of RMB to USD. RMB appreciation is good to curb China』s inflation, also it can prevent expanding of real estate bubble in China. Chinese leaders also recognize this. U.S. economist Ho Qinglian said RMB appreciation can only curb foreign exchange reserves, reducing domestic money deposited. Most likely it can inhibit the export, but effect on price increases is limited. Geithner acknowledged that since last June, China has allowed the rate of RMB to USD to increase by about 5%. U.S. congressmen and manufacturers believe RMB value was down by as much as 40%, making Chinese goods on markets very cheap. Huang Yiping, an economist in China's Macroeconomic Research Centre in Peking Univ. told Wall Street Journal that Chinese leaders still tightly control RMB appreciation with 0.5% a month on average. He believes that RMB could float freely with conditions letting the market determine its level. Central bankers agree with his views, but senior leaders are in control of the decisions. Why the Chinese Communist Party's (CCP) top levels do not free the exchange rate? Buddhist Hermitage, a politeconomy critic believes the fundamental issue is that only CCP and China out of all countries does not use free exchange rate in international trades, causing trade imbalances and disrupting global economic order. The Chinese government demands every penny earned overseas and then prints more money. The government thus owns a large foreign exchange reserve as a sovereign fund. Buddhist Hermitage said, "From this we know how China's foreign exchange system exists. China (CCP) is reluctant to free foreign exchange system, unwilling to let the people hold foreign exchange. CCP wants to use the money to maintain its rule, related to its fate. On foreign exchange rate China (CCP) is unwilling to compromise and tries to find ways to maintain its political power." Some people think RMB appreciation will greatly affect China's exports, so they go against it. Huang Yiping said that to make export enterprises have strong growth, one must learn to produce higher value-added products, or move production from the coastal area to mainland where wage level is lower. This is the approach to achieve continuous growth. NTD reporters Song Feng and Zhou Ping. 《神韵》2011世界巡演新亮点 http://www.ShenYunPerformingArts.org/
Views: 178 ChinaForbiddenNews
Yuan exchange rate talks
 
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The 6th Sino-US strategic and economic dialogue has wrap up in Beijing. On the second day of talks, delegates held extensive discussions on technology and financial cooperation. A key issue during the talks has been the yuan exchange rate. It's also a contentious point in the U.S.-China relationship because Washington claims the RMB is undervalued.
Views: 116 CGTN
Liberalizing exchange rate & interest rate are key topics at China Development forum
 
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China's financial reform is a key topic at this year's China Development forum. IMF Managing-Director Christine Largarde says that China has taken commendable steps to modernize its financial sector, including widening of the exchange rate band, which will strengthen the potential role of the RMB as a global currency.
Views: 214 CGTN
Venezuela to implement dual exchange rate system
 
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(9 Mar 2016) RESTRICTION SUMMARY: AP CLIENTS ONLY AP TELEVISION - AP CLIENTS ONLY Caracas, Venezuela – 09 March 2016 1. Miguel Perez Abad, Economic Vice President, arriving to news conference 2. Abad and other Economic government officers taking their seats 3. Miguel Perez Abad, Economy Vice Minister, ( Black suit, yellow tie, centre), Jose Khan, Deputy President, Central Bank of Venezuela,( Abad's right hand), Jesus Farias, Exterior Commerce Minister( right hand to Khan), Rodolfo Medina, Finance Minister, ( left hand to Abad), Eulogio del Pino, Oil Minister ( Left hand to Medina), Rodolfo Marco Torres, Food Minister ( left hand to Del Pino), during the presser 4. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Miguel Perez Abad, Economy Vice Minister, "Two types of changes are contemplated to implement this new system. A protected type of change, called the DIPRO is directed only to goods and services and remittances identified as priorities. It will begin with a quote of 10 bolivars per dollar, and gradually will be adjusted, considering the social impacts. This rate, this rate of change, seeks to preserve and protect the Venezuelan family, the productive sectors, especially the food sector and the pharmacy sector, which are covered under the plan 50 (the plan 50 is the last economic plan proposed by President Nicolas Maduro)." 5. Audience listening to Abad's speech 6. Various of Abad and government officers, signing the: "new exchange agreement" 7. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Miguel Perez Abad, Economy Vice Minister, "A second type of exchange, which we have named as the type of complementary change the DICOM, which will apply to all transactions not included under the protected type of change. It will fluctuate according to the economic dynamics of the country. One system, two exchange rates." 8. Abad and other Economic government officers, during the press conference 9. SOUNDBITE (Spanish) Miguel Perez Abad, Economy Vice Minister, "It is very important to remember that Venezuela is in emergency, economic emergency that Venezuela has no solvency problems, we mean, Venezuela has sufficient assets and capabilities to succeed, we have a problem of cash flow, which forces us to create and recreate how we will develop the national economy." 10. Wide of Abad and other government officers, during the press conference 11. Various of Abad and others leaving 12. Venezuela central bank exterior of building STORYLINE: Venezuelan financial authorities announced Wednesday that the country has decided on a dual exchange rate system as a way to deal with the current cash flow issue, but stressed that it is not facing solvency problems. Vice president of economics, Miguel Perez Abad, said during a press conference in Caracas, that one of the exchange rate systems will operate with a fixed rate of 10 bolivars to the dollar, while the second will fluctuate according to the dynamics of the economy. The adjustments of the exchange rates, among other things, are the results of low oil prices, which finances 94 percent of the income received by the country's exports, Abad said. The DIPRO system, or so-called protected exchange will be used mainly for food, medicine, raw materials and other products and services deemed essential. Abad said the second system, known as DICOM, would be a complementary exchange system that would fluctuate according to the "country's economic dynamics," but offered few details. Venezuela's economy shrank 5.7 percent last year while shortages of basic goods multiplied, adding to social tensions and undermining support for President Nicolas Maduro, whose socialist party lost congressional elections in December by a landslide. =========================================================== Clients are reminded: You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/b2886316d1627231fa3bf30639150236 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Views: 75 AP Archive
Exchange Rate and External Competitiveness: A Pakistan Perspective
 
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Competitive exchange rate for rupee is the major driver of international competitiveness, and the State Bank of Pakistan needs to take measures to avoid any overvaluation of Pakistani Rupee, as it affects negatively to the already weaker tradable sector. To avoid ambiguities regarding nature and magnitude of misalignment, the bank should develop its tool for periodic assessment of rupee deviation from its equilibrium value.
Views: 7 SDPI Pakistan
CBN Unveils New Forex Guildlines
 
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The Central Bank Governor, Godwin Emefiele has announced a flexible foreign exchange regime that will have the country removing the dual exchange rate regime. Chiazalam Ekiye reports that under the new plan, the official rate of the naira will operate as a single window to be determined by market forces .
Views: 83 NTA News
RMB Exchange Rate to Remain Stable in 2017: Central Bank Governor
 
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The exchange rate of China’s currency the Renminbi (RMB) will remain stable in 2017 along with reform and economic efforts, said People’s Bank of China (PBOC) governor Zhou Xiaochuan, on Friday. Zhou made the remarks at a press conference on the sidelines of the fifth session of the 12th National People's Congress (NPC) when answering a question on what measures the central bank will take in 2017 to stabilize the RMB’s exchange rate, which went through relatively stronger fluctuations last year. The governor first explained why the fluctuations in 2016 were stronger than usual. He attributed the difference to two reasons. First is that in the second half of 2016, China’s foreign investments and overseas spending grew higher than in previous years due to Chinese enterprises’ growing interest in purchasing foreign companies. Secondly, the U.S. dollar grew stronger with a faster-than-expected pace after the election of U.S. President Donald Trump. As for the RMB exchange rate in 2017, Zhou said it will remain stable due to healthier development of the Chinese economy and the progress made in reforms. "We believe that this year, along with the steady and healthier development of the Chinese economy, and the progress of structural reforms on the supply-side, and the work on destocking, deleveraging, overcapacity cut and reducing costs and strengthening weak economic links, as well as the world’s stronger confidence in the Chinese economy, the RMB exchange rate will be automatically granted with a stable developing trend," said Zhou. Meanwhile, the consistency in monetary policies and more elaborated implementation of these policies will also contribute to the stabilization of the RMB exchange rate in 2017, Zhou added. However, the normal fluctuation in the RMB exchange rate cannot be ruled out, as no one can predict what uncertainties and affairs are going to happen, said Zhou. "Of course the foreign exchange market has always been a sensitive market. It will show constant fluctuations with the impact of the affairs happening in the global economy and in China. So nobody can give a precise prediction over what uncertainties will come up in 2017, and what affairs will take place. Therefore, the normal fluctuation in the exchange rate should be regarded as a normalcy. It is a normal situation," he said. http://www.cctvplus.com/news/20170310/8045009.shtml#!language=1 Subscribe us on Youtube: https://www.youtube.com/c/CCTVPlus CCTV+ official website: http://www.cctvplus.com/ LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/company/cctv-news-content Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/NewsContent.CCTVPLUS Twitter: https://twitter.com/CCTV_Plus
Chapter 5, 18, 19:  Clip 4 Exchange Rates
 
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The purpose of these clips are to present an introduction to the foreign exchange market, in which Japan is treated as the foreign country and Canada is treated as the domestic country. I look at the sources that cause both the supply and the demand for foreign exchange. I also cover the supply and demand curves for foreign exchange and briefly touch upon why they are shaped the way that they are. Finally, I touch upon the distinction between floating and fixed exchange rate regimes and the role of the Bank of Canada in fixing exchange rates.
Views: 456 Neilio55
Air Force: Military pay chart
 
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getting paid in the military is one of the biggest concerns people have when joining the military. Well my name is Kyle Gott and I'm here to break down the first part of your military pay which is your base pay. This isn't the whole break down of how you get paid but it will show you a rough estimate of about the minimum you'll make while serving in any of the 4 branches Army, Navy, Air Force, and Marines. Hope this video helps you understand a little bit more about how much you get paid in the military. Instagram: http://www.instagram.com/M_Patt22 http://www.instagram.com/KyleGottYouTube Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/M_Patt22 http://www.twitter.com/KyleGottYouTube Snapchat Makenna: M_Patt22 Kyle: KyleGottYouTube My life after the Air Force - http://bit.ly/Sub2GottLove ********************************************* FOLLOW ME Instagram http://bit.ly/KyleGottInstagram Twitter http://bit.ly/KyleGottTwitter Facebook http://bit.ly/KyleGottFacebook ********************************************* For collaborations or business inquiries email me at: [email protected] ********************************************* I’m an Air Force Veteran who got out after 6 years of service as a Staff Sergeant E-5. I started making videos on this channel to document my journey in joining the United States Air Force. I went to MEPS on February 8, 2012. I left for Air Force BMT on January 8, 2013 and my date of separation from the Air Force is January 7, 2019. My videos represent my own opinion and do not reflect thoughts of the Air Force or DOD.
Views: 156105 Kyle Gott
2. Dominick Salvatore: After the Crisis: Growth & Exchange Rates in the G-20 (Q&A) [AIER Lecture]
 
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The lecture, After the Crisis: Growth & Exchange Rates in the G-20, was given at the E.C. Harwood Library, on July 14, 2011, by Dr. Dominick Salvatore. Dominick Salvatore is the Distinguished Professor of Economics and the Director of the Ph.D. Program in Economics at Fordham University in New York City. He is the Honorary Professor at the Shanghai Finance University and Hunan University and was a Visiting Professor at various universities including University of Rome (2003-2010), American University in Cairo (2007), University of Pretoria (2009), Peking University (2009-2011), University of Trieste (1996-2002), and University of Vienna (1995-2003). Dr. Salvatore is a Fellow of the New York Academy of Sciences and past Chairman of its Economics Section. He is also the past president of the North American Economic and Finance Association (NAEFA) and the International Trade and Finance Association (ITFA). He is a Consultant to the United Nations, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Economic Policy Institute, and several major international corporations and global banks. He is the co-editor of the Journal of Policy Modeling and the Open Economies Review, the Associate Editor of The American Economist and Frontiers in Finance and Economics, and the past Editor of the Handbook Series in Economics, Greenwood Press. He has given more than 500 lectures around the world, was awarded the Achievement Award by the City of University of New York in 1997, and was nominated for the 2010 National Medal of Science awarded by the President of the United States.
Views: 1113 AIERvideo
Fluids in Motion: Crash Course Physics #15
 
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Get Your Crash Course Physics Mug here: https://store.dftba.com/products/crashcourse-physics-mug Today, we continue our exploration of fluids and fluid dynamics. How do fluids act when they're in motion? How does pressure in different places change water flow? And what is one of the motion annoying things about filming outside on a nice day? I'll give you a hint on that last one... it's lawn mowers. In this episode of Crash Course Physics, Shini talks to us about how Fluids in Motion are really, really, REALLY powerful things. -- Produced in collaboration with PBS Digital Studios: http://youtube.com/pbsdigitalstudios -- Want to find Crash Course elsewhere on the internet? Facebook - http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashC... Twitter - http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse Tumblr - http://thecrashcourse.tumblr.com Support CrashCourse on Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/crashcourse CC Kids: http://www.youtube.com/crashcoursekids
Views: 451575 CrashCourse
IDF & PA Exchange Fire Overnight In The West Bank - Your News From Israel
 
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During overnight arrest operations in the West Bank, the #IDF opened fire at Palestinian security forces in a case of alleged mistaken identity.
Views: 1362 ILTV ISRAEL DAILY