Zinc is the fourth most mined metal in the world after iron, aluminum, and copper. It has strong anticorrosive properties and bonds well with other metals. Consequently, about one-half of the zinc that is produced is used in zinc galvanizing, which is the process of adding thin layers of zinc to iron or steel to prevent rusting. Large quantities of zinc are used to produce die-castings, which are important in the automobile, electrical and hardware industries.
Antamina Zinc Mine, Peru: Antamina mine in the Andes Mountains of Peru is one of the largest copper/zinc mines in the world. It is operated by the consortium of leading mining companies, including BHP Billiton, Glencore and Teck, is the fifth biggest zinc producer. Antamina is one of the largest copper and zinc mine worldwide, and also a major producer of silver, lead and molybdenum.
Rampura Agucha mine, India: Rampura Agucha Zinc-Lead-Silver Mine, located on a massive sulfide deposit in the Bhilwara district of Rajasthan, India. The mine has a combination of open pit mine and underground mine. The open pit operation includes drilling, blasting, loading, and hauling and Underground Mining is carried out using Long Hole Open Stoping with Paste Fill method with mined out stopes backfilled with cemented rock & with cemented tailing in paste form. Rampura Agucha mine is owned by Hindustan Zinc Limited (HZL), and has the world's largest deposits of zinc and lead.
Cerro Lindo mine, Peru: Cerro Lindo Zinc Mine , Peru is the largest underground mine in Peru. Votorantim’s Cerro Lindo polymetallic mine is the sixth biggest producer of zinc and the largest underground mine in Peru
McArthur River zinc mine: McArthur River open pit mine is one of the world's largest zinc, lead and silver mine in Australia. McArthur River mine will produce 383kt of zinc, 93kt of lead and 110t of silver in concentrate annually. This mine is operated by McArthur River Mining (MRM), a subsidiary of the Swiss mining company Xstrata.
Red Dog Mine, Alaska, USA: Red Dog zinc mine, is the world's largest producer of zinc and has the world's largest zinc reserves. The mine site is accessible only by air or barge during the summer. Red Dog is an open-pit truck-and-loader operation, using conventional drill and blast mining methods. Red Dog is located on land owned by the NANA Regional Corporation and is operated by the commercial mining company Teck Resources in partnership with NANA Development Corporation.
Mount Isa Mines: Mount Isa mine, Australia, is the largest source of zinc in concentrate of all Glencore's zinc mining businesses and third biggest mine worldwide. It is believed to have the largest resource base for zinc in the world. Both open-pit and underground mining methods are being utilized at Mount Isa.
Penasquito Polymetallic Mine: Penasquito Polymetallic Mine is Mexico’s largest gold mine and seventh biggest zinc producer in the world. Mine have estimated reserves of 17.82 million oz of gold, 1,070.1 million oz of silver, 3,214 tons of lead and 7,098 million tons of zinc
Tara zinc mine: Tara Mine is zinc and lead mine near Navan, County Meath, Ireland. Tara is an underground mine where the ore body lies between 50 and 900 metres below the surface in carbonate-hosted lead-zinc ore deposits. It is the largest zinc mine in Europe and the ninth largest in the world producing 200,000 tonnes of zinc concentrate and 40,000 tonnes of lead concentrate annually.
Garpenberg Mine: Garpenberg Zinc Mine is the Sweden’s oldest mining area that is still in operation. In 13th-century, the main mineral to be mined was iron. Garpenberg main minerals to be mined today are: zinc, lead and silver.