What is Plan S in Scholarly Publishing? This short video by John Bond of Riverwinds Consulting discusses Plan S by cOAlition S.
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Hi there. I am John Bond from Riverwinds Consulting and this is Publishing Defined.
Today I am going to talk about a hotly debated topic: Plan S.
Plan S is an initiative for open-access science publishing that was launched by Science Europe in September 2018 It is an initiative of Coalition S, a consortium launched by the European Research Council and national research agencies and funders from many European countries. The plan requires scientists and researchers who benefit from state-funded research organizations and institutions to publish their work in open access (or OA) repositories or in journals by 2020.
The principles behind the plan include
1-authors should retain copyright on their publications, which must be published under an OA license;
2-the members of the coalition should establish criteria and requirements for compliant OA journals and platforms;
3-they should also provide incentives for the creation of compliant OA journals and platforms;
4-publication fees or APCs should be covered by the funders or universities, not individual researchers;
5-publication fees should be standardized and capped;
6-universities, research organizations, and libraries should align their policies and strategies;
7-compliance for books and monographs might go beyond 2020;
8-OA archives and repositories are important to the future;
9-hybrid OA journals are not compliant with the key principles;
10-members of the coalition should monitor and sanction non-compliance.
There is wide membership in the coalition, including many that now express support for the effort. These include many national research councils and organizations in Europe and beyond, as well as the Wellcome Trust, the Gates Foundation, SPARC Europe; OASPA, and others. China and India now support the effort. The supporters cover 6 continents and is changing as we speak. Go to coalition-s.org for the latest update.
There is specific implementation guidance at the website as well regarding: the transition period, Green Open access, licensing and rights, and the mandatory criteria for OA journals and platforms
OA journals and platforms need to meet specific criteria to be compliant with Plan S. This criterion includes strict adherence to immediate accessibility pf content, be compliant with Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) standards, be listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), wave fees for low-income countries, issue DOIs, participate in LOCKSS/CLOCKSS, have the content accessible of the full text to foster Text and Data Mining, and others.
As of early 2019, there is a host of reactions to the plan. For profit publishers pushed back on the idea saying it “potentially undermines the whole research publishing system" and that it "will not support high-quality peer-review, research publication and dissemination.” A spokesperson for Elsevier said, "if you think that information should be free of charge, go to Wikipedia.”
There has been heavy support from funders, national research agencies, and some author groups. Some other organizations and some author groups have come out against it however.
There is a lot more to be written about this plan and its eventual effect on scholarly publishing. There is no doubt, however, that initiatives such as Plan S are dramatically reshaping scholarly publishing. What is your take on it?
Well that’s it. I am a publishing consultant and work with associations, publishers, and individuals on a host of content related challenges. Reach out to me at RiverwindsConsulting.com with your questions.
Hit the Like button below if you enjoyed this video. Please subscribe to my YouTube channel or click on my video about open access.
And make comments below. Thank so much and take care.
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